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3 05, 2022

Getting your Claws into Therizinosaurs

By | May 3rd, 2022|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Palaeontological articles, Photos/Pictures of Fossils|0 Comments

Scientists have named a new species of therizinosaur based on fragmentary remains found on the Japanese island of Hokkaido. The dinosaur has been named Paralitherizinosaurus japonicus, it is the first recovered from Asian marine deposits and the third example of a therizinosaur to be found in Japan.

The fossil material, recovered from the lower Campanian Osoushinai Formation near to the town of Nakagawa in the Hokkaido Prefecture, was previously identified as a maniraptoran theropod dinosaur, possibly therizinosaur, but its taxonomic status remained uncertain. A group of scientists including Yoshitsugu Kobayashi and Anthony R. Fiorillo from the Hokkaido University Museum re-examined the fossils and erected a new taxon confirming the fossil material did represent a Late Cretaceous member of the Therizinosauridae.

Paralitherizinosaurus japonicus life reconstruction
A life reconstruction of the Late Cretaceous, Japanese therizinosaur Paralitherizinosaurus japonicus. Picture credit: Masato Hattori.

Evolution of Claw Shape in the Therizinosauridae

Writing in the academic journal “Scientific Reports”, the researchers reassessed the fossil material consisting of a single vertebra plus bones and claws (unguals) from the right hand. As well as concluding that the fossils represent a therizinosaur, they confirmed that it is the geologically youngest therizinosaur known from Japan described to date.

Paralitherizinosaurus silhouette
Paralitherizinosaurus japonicus silhouette showing estimate of body size and position of known skeletal elements. The fossilised claw elements shown in close view with known material in white. Picture credit: Genya Masukawa.

Important Implications for Claw (Ungual) Evolution in the Therizinosauridae

The scientists compared the shape of the hand claws from Paralitherizinosaurus japonicus with the claws from geologically older therizinosaurs and they postulated that that primitive therizinosaurs had claws with generalist functionalities and that the claws of more derived, later therizinosaurs such as P. japonicus were more suited to the hook-and-pull feeding function. Hook-and-pull feeding involves the use of the claws to help gather vegetation and bring it closer to the mouth.

What’s in a Name?

The fossils were found in a concretion associated with the Campanian-aged Osoushinai Formation of the Yezo Group on Hokkaido Island. The Yezo Group mostly consists of marine deposits and many vertebrate fossils such as plesiosaurs, sharks, mosasaurs and turtles have been discovered. Fragmentary dinosaur fossils are also associated with these strata including hadrosaurids, an armoured dinosaur (nodosaurid) and a potential tyrannosaur. A therizinosaur taxon can now be added to this Late Cretaceous dinosaur biota.

The discovery of the bones and claw elements in marine deposits helped to inspire this dinosaur’s scientific name. The genus name translates as “scythe reptile by the sea”, whilst the species name honours Japan.

Paralitherizinosaurus japonicus fossils.
The concretion that contained the fragmentary therizinosaur fossil material prior to preparation. Picture credit: Kobayashi et al.

The scientific paper: “New therizinosaurid dinosaur from the marine Osoushinai Formation (Upper Cretaceous, Japan) provides insight for function and evolution of therizinosaur claws” by Yoshitsugu Kobayashi, Ryuji Takasaki, Anthony R. Fiorillo, Tsogtbaatar Chinzorig and Yoshinori Hikida published in Scientific Reports.

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2 05, 2022

Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “TUSK” King T-REX Requiem

By | May 2nd, 2022|Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Press Releases|0 Comments

Rebor have announced that they will be adding another scale model of a T. rex to their extensive product range. The figure called Tyrannosaurus rex “Tusk” King T-REX Requiem is expected to be in stock at Everything Dinosaur in the summer (2022).

Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex "TUSK" King T-REX Requiem
The new for summer 2022 Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Tusk” King T-REX Requiem dinosaur model. A fabulous model of a T. rex from Rebor in 1:35 scale. The image shows this exciting new dinosaur model in an oblique lateral view.

A New Rebor T. rex Model

The new Tyrannosaurus rex figure has an articulated lower jaw, a flexible tail and the front limbs are also articulated. A clear plastic support stand is included with this model to help keep the figure stable when on display.

Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex TUSK King T. rex requiem
The new for summer 2022 Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Tusk” King T. rex requiem has an articulated jaw, movable front limbs and a flexible tail. It is also supplied with a clear plastic support stand.

T. rex Model Measurements

The Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Tusk” King T. rex requiem is the same size as the recently announced Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Kiss” mountain version. It measures approximately 40.5 cm in length and has a head height of around 14 cm. The model has a declared scale of 1:35. The “Tusk” and “Kiss” replicas are the same sculpt, but they have different colour schemes.

Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex "TUSK" King T-REX requiem (dorsal view)
The Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Tusk” King T-REX requiem seen in dorsal view. The detailed colour scheme of this 1:35 scale model can be clearly seen in this view.

Expected in Stock at Everything Dinosaur Late June/July 2022

This exciting new addition to the Rebor portfolio is expected to be in stock at Everything Dinosaur at the same time as the Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Kiss” mountain version (late June/July 2022).

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur explained that due to international shipping issues it was not possible to confirm a date when these beautiful, figures would be in stock, but it was reaffirmed that the Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Kiss” Mountain version and the Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Tusk” King T-REX requiem would probably arrive together in late June or July 2022.

It is not known whether the introduction of “Tusk” will seal the fate of the iconic 2015 Rebor King T-REX replica, leading it to be retired and withdrawn from production.

Rebor "TUSK" King T-REX requiem.
The Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Tusk” King T-REX requiem figure.

The spokesperson added:

“We are looking forward to stocking both these fantastic tyrannosaur figures.”

Join the Product Waitlist or Email Everything Dinosaur to Receive a Priority In Stock Notification

With Everything Dinosaur there is no need to pre-order or to pre-pay for these two T. rex models. Customers can either join the waitlist for “Tusk” by visiting the Rebor section of the Everything Dinosaur website: Rebor Models and Figures.

Alternatively, customers can send an email to Everything Dinosaur asking to be notified when this new Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex figure is in stock: Email Everything Dinosaur and Request a Priority Email Alert for “Tusk”.

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1 05, 2022

Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “KISS” Mountain

By | May 1st, 2022|Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Press Releases|0 Comments

Rebor have announced that they will be adding a new scale model of a Tyrannosaurus rex to their range. The figure called Tyrannosaurus rex “Kiss” Mountain colour version is expected to be in stock at Everything Dinosaur in the summer (2022).

Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “KISS” Mountain
The new for 2022 Rebor T. rex “Kiss” 1:35 scale dinosaur model figure in the mountain colour variant.

Many Years of T. rex Model Production

The first figures that Rebor put into production back in 2014 were members of the superfamily Tyrannosauroidea. Firstly, there was a replica of Yutyrannus huali (Y-REX) and this was followed shortly afterwards by the launch of the iconic Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex (King T. rex) model.

The latest tyrannosaur incarnation to come out of the Rebor design studio is the Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Kiss”, the mountain version.

Rebor "Kiss" T. rex figure (mountain version).
The Rebor 1:35 scale tyrannosaur figure “Kiss”, the mountain version in lateral view.

The Mountain Version Model Measurements

Rebor have been keen to maintain their standard 1:35 scale for this new tyrannosaur. The new for 2022 Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “KISS” Mountain version measures around 40.5 cm in length and that beautifully detailed, sculpted head stands some 14 cm high. The figure should display well with other Rebor tyrannosaur replicas as well as the recently introduced Rebor Saurophaganax maximus Notorious Big dinosaur models.

Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “KISS” Mountain
The new for 2022 (expected in the summer), Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Kiss” in the mountain colour variant measures approximately 40.5 cm long and that magnificent head stands around 14 cm high.

Expected in Stock at Everything Dinosaur Late June/July 2022

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur explained that due to global shipping issues a firm date when this amazing T. rex figure would be in stock was difficult to provide at this time, but it was stated that the Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Kiss” Mountain version was likely to be in stock late June or July 2022.

The spokesperson added:

“This is a truly spectacular figure and we have already had lots of customers enquiring about it after images were released on social media. We are looking forward to adding the Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Kiss” Mountain version to the range of Rebor models and figures we stock.”

Rebor "Kiss" T. rex in the mountain colour scheme (dorsal view).
A dorsal view of the superb, Rebor Tyrannosaurus rex “Kiss” in the mountain colour scheme. The model has been superbly painted.

Join the Product Waitlist or Email Everything Dinosaur to Receive a Priority In Stock Notification

Customers can either join the waitlist for this exciting new Rebor model by visiting the Rebor section of the award-winning Everything Dinosaur website: Join the Waitlist for “Kiss” on the Rebor Section of the Website.

Alternatively, they can send an email to Everything Dinosaur asking to be notified when this new Rebor T. rex figure is in stock: Email Everything Dinosaur to Join Priority Waitlist for “Kiss”.

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30 04, 2022

Life Imitates Art

By | April 30th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Press Releases|0 Comments

In the film “Jurassic World” released in 2015, the theme park’s latest attraction was a synthetic dinosaur called Indominus rex. It was a hybrid of several dinosaurs, a cross between a Velociraptor, a T. rex and other fearsome predators. Scientists recently announced the discovery of a super-sized megaraptor that roamed Argentina around 70 million years ago. At perhaps as much as 10 metres long, Maip macrothorax is the largest megaraptorid known to science and with its long, powerful arms it had a similar body plan to the fictional Indominus.

Indominus rex v Maip macrothorax
In the science fiction movie “Jurassic World” geneticists engineered a super-sized predator taking traits from various carnivorous dinosaurs and extant animals. The fictional dinosaur was named Indominus rex. Ironically, palaeontologists have unearthed the fossilised remains of a real dinosaur (Maip macrothorax) that had a similar body plan.

To read Everything Dinosaur’s recent blog post about the discovery of M. macrothorax: Giant Megaraptorid from South America.

So perhaps, it is true after all, that life sometimes imitates art. Although, since Maip macrothorax lived some 70 million years or so before the “Jurassic Park/Jurassic World” franchise came into being, perhaps it is more accurate to say that art imitates life…

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29 04, 2022

“Paleontology an Illustrated History”

By | April 29th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Book Reviews, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page, Photos, Press Releases|0 Comments

Everything Dinosaur team members are looking forward to reading and then reviewing a new book by renowned author Professor David Bainbridge that charts the development of the science of palaeontology using classical and contemporary scientific illustrations.

"Palaeontology an Illustrated History"
The front cover of “Paleontology an Illustrated History” by David Bainbridge a comparative anatomist in the Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience at the University of Cambridge.

Lavishly Illustrated

This lavishly illustrated volume, published by Princeton University Press: Princeton University Press examines how art and illustrators have informed both academia and the general public about fossil discoveries and scientific research. It is lavishly illustrated, the author providing a beautifully crafted examination of the art and science of palaeontology from the ancient Greek civilisation right up to the modern day with its techniques of three-dimensional modelling, computed tomography and scanning electron microscopy.

Neave Parker Megalosaurus.
The Neave Parker Megalosaurus illustration (1960) on a postcard available from the London Natural History Museum in the 1960s and 1970s.

The book “Paleontology an Illustrated History” highlights the contribution to palaeoart made by figures such as the English artist Neave Parker. Neave Parker created iconic images of dinosaurs in collaboration with the scientists at the British Museum (now the London Natural History Museum). The book looks at the contribution made to scientific illustration by artists such as Burian, Zallinger and Charles Knight.

It also includes full colour plates of stunning fossil discoveries as well as biographies of the palaeontologists who have helped shape our view of ancient lifeforms and ecosystems.

Team members at Everything Dinosaur are looking forward to reading this exciting book and providing a more detailed review.

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28 04, 2022

Giant Megaraptorid from South America

By | April 28th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Palaeontological articles, Photos/Pictures of Fossils|0 Comments

Fragmentary bones excavated from Santa Cruz Province, Patagonia (Argentina), have revealed the presence of a super-sized megaraptorid theropod in the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian faunal stage). The new dinosaur, named Maip macrothorax is estimated to have been at least 9.5 metres long. It represents the biggest member of the Megaraptoridae described to date and its discovery lends support to the theory that these types of dinosaurs were not members of the Allosauria clade, but they were coelurosaurs and therefore related to the dinosaur lineage that gave rise to the birds.

Maip macrothorax.
Silhouette of Maip macrothorax showing the preserved bones in white (A). Reconstruction of the thoracic cavity of Maip (B) at the level of dorsal vertebra 6 (D6). Drawing of the excavation of Maip showing the original disposition of the bones (C). Abbreviations: a, axis; c, coracoid; ind, indeterminate bone; g, gastralia; r, rib; v, vertebrae. Picture credit: Rolando et al. Note scale bar in (A) = 1 metre, and (B, C) 50 cm.

The fossil material was collected from exposures of the Chorrillo Formation approximately eighteen miles southwest of the city of El Calafate (southwestern Santa Cruz Province, Patagonia, Argentina).

The “Shadow of the Death” which “Kills with Cold Wind”

The Megaraptora clade are mostly known from fragmentary and very incomplete specimens. The fossils of Maip macrothorax (pronounced my-eep mac-row-thor-ax), although representing only a small portion of the overall skeleton, consist of a single cervical vertebra (C2 the axis), several dorsal vertebrae, ribs, the left coracoid, a partial toe bone, fragments of the scapula and caudal vertebrae. By studying these bones the researchers, that included Alexis M. Aranciaga Rolando from the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia” (Buenos Aires, Argentina) and Makoto Manabe from the National Museum of Nature and Science (Japan), postulate that the Megaraptora are not archaic members of the Allosauroidea but members of the Coelurosauria clade, that group of theropods more closely related to birds than they are to other members of the Avetheropoda lineage.

The genus name is from the native Aónikenk people of Patagonia (known as the Tehuelche in western culture). Maip is an evil spirit said to roam the Andes and its name means “the shadow of death” which “kills with cold wind”. The specific name derives from the Latin for big thorax. The rib bones indicate that this dinosaur was deep chested with a large thoracic cavity more than 1.2 metres in width.

Maip macrothorax axis bone (C2)
The second neck bone of Maip macrothorax (axis – C2) shown in lateral (A), anterior (B), posterior (C) and dorsal (D) with accompanying line drawings. Analysis of the vertebrae of M. macrothorax lends support to the hypothesis that the Megaraptora are members of the Coelurosauria clade. Note scale bar = 5 cm. Picture credit: Rolando et al.

The researchers propose that with the extinction of the carcharodontosaurids, many of which were apex predators on the southern continents, the megaraptorids evolved becoming larger, heavier and more robust, eventually filling the niche of top predator in many parts of the Southern Hemisphere during the Late Cretaceous.

Evolutionary trends of the Megaraptora.
Evolutionary trends of the Megaraptora. Temporal scale and bars depicting currently known temporal distributions of Megaraptora and Carcharodontosauridae (A). Time-calibrated phylogeny of megaraptoran taxa (B), showing most relevant genera from Asia (black bars), Australia (red bars) and South America (blue bars). Main synapomorphies supporting each node are indicated by arrows. Tree topology follows the results of the present work. Curve showing the increase in average body size of megaraptorans during Barremian faunal stage through to the Maastrichtian (C). Picture credit: Rolando et al.

The Rise of the Megaraptorids

Around 94 million years ago (Cenomanian faunal stage of the Late Cretaceous), there was a global extinction event which led to the demise of the Carcharodontosauridae. As far as Everything Dinosaur team members are aware, there are no reliable fossil records for the presence of carcharodontosaurids in South America beyond the Turonian faunal stage (the stage that followed the Cenomanian). An absence of apex predators permitted the megaraptorids and the abelisaurids to evolve to fill this niche in the Southern Hemisphere, whilst the tyrannosaurids become bigger and occupied the apex predator role in Asia and North America.

Maip macrothorax estimated at around 9.5 metres in length, lived some sixteen million years after the next largest megaraptorid (Aerosteon – A. riocoloradense). The body size of megaraptorids during the Early Cretaceous when the carcharodontosaurids still roamed seems to have been limited to around six metres in length, suggesting that these theropods were secondary predators. However, with the extinction of the carcharodontosaurids, body size in the Megaraptoridae increased and by the very end of the Cretaceous (Maastrichtian faunal stage), a body length in excess of ten metres seems plausible.

To read the Everything Dinosaur blog post that reported the discovery of these bones in 2020: Scientists Discover Giant Megaraptor.

Helping to Resolve the Phylogeny of these Enigmatic Theropods

Although the bones only represent a small part of the total skeleton and no cranial material has been identified, Maip macrothorax is the most informative megaraptoran known from the Maastrichtian stage. Phylogenetic analysis has placed this new taxon together with other South American megaraptorans in a monophyletic clade (they shared a single, common ancestor), whereas Australian and Asian members constitute successive stem groups.

Roaming Patagonia 80 million years ago
An artist’s impression of a Late Cretaceous megaraptorid (Murusraptor barrosaensis). Although related to Murusraptor, Maip macrothorax was a larger and more powerful predator. Picture credit: Jan Sovak (University of Alberta).

The researchers propose that the South American megaraptorids differ from more basal megaraptorans such as Fukuiraptor from Japan and Australovenator from Queensland, Australia in several anatomical features and the South American lineage evolved into much bigger, more robust and powerful predators.

The scientific paper: “A large Megaraptoridae (Theropoda: Coelurosauria) from Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) of Patagonia, Argentina” by Alexis M. Aranciaga Rolando, Matias J. Motta, Federico L. Agnolín, Makoto Manabe, Takanobu Tsuihiji and Fernando E. Novas published in Scientific Reports.

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27 04, 2022

21% of All Reptiles Threatened with Extinction

By | April 27th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Animal News Stories, Key Stage 3/4, Main Page, Teaching|0 Comments

One in five species of reptile is threatened with extinction. A team of international scientists including researchers from the Zoological Society of London, the University of Witwatersrand (Johannesburg, South Africa), Monash University (Victoria, Australia) and the Biodiversity Assessment Unit, IUCN-Conservation International based in Washington DC (USA), have conducted a comprehensive extinction-risk assessment of the class Reptilia. Writing in the academic journal “Natural” the team conclude that at least 1,829 out of 10,196 species of reptile (21.1%) are threatened.

Saltwater crocodile (Estuarine crocodile).
A Saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus). The researchers conclude that crocodilians and turtles are particularly vulnerable to extinction. The study suggests more than half of crocodiles and almost two thirds of turtles are threatened with extinction.

Agriculture, Logging, Urban Development and Invasive Species

A global assessment of the risk of extinction to species of reptile has been lacking, although similar studies have been undertaken for the other tetrapods such as amphibians, mammals and birds. The researchers conclude that reptiles are threatened by the same major factors that threaten other tetrapods— agriculture, logging, urban development and invasive species, although the threat posed by climate change remains uncertain. Many species of reptile live in extremely arid or desert regions, this comprehensive study reveals that it is those reptiles that live in forests that face the greatest threat.

Is the skull that of a lizard?
An Anolis lizard, reptiles that live in forested areas are the most threatened according to a comprehensive study published in the journal Nature.

The scientists discovered that birds, mammals and amphibians are unexpectedly good surrogates for the conservation of reptiles. The study revealed that efforts to conserve other threatened tetrapods (mammals, birds and amphibians) are more likely than expected to co-benefit many threatened species of reptile. Although reptiles are well known to inhabit arid habitats such as deserts and scrubland, most reptile species occur in forested habitats, where they and other vertebrate groups, suffer from threats such as logging and conversion of forest to agriculture. The study found that 30% of forest-dwelling reptiles are at risk of extinction, compared with 14% of reptiles in arid habitats.

Radiated Tortoise (Astrochelys radiata).
The Radiated tortoise (Astrochelys radiata), native to Madagascar is critically endangered due to habitat loss and poaching. Picture credit: IUCN/Anders G. J. Rhodin.

An Urgent Multifaceted Plan is Needed

Neil Cox, co-leader of the study and Manager of the IUCN-Conservation International Biodiversity Assessment Unit in Washington DC stated:

“The results of the Global Reptile Assessment signal the need to ramp up global efforts to conserve them. Because reptiles are so diverse, they face a wide range of threats across a variety of habitats. A multifaceted action plan is necessary to protect these species, with all the evolutionary history they represent.”

South American marked gecko (Homonota horrida).
The South American marked gecko (Homonota horrida) is found in Paraguay and Argentina. Reptile species face a significant extinction threat. Picture credit: IUCN/ Ignacio Roberto Hernández.

The report states that although some reptiles including most species of crocodiles and turtles require urgent, targeted action to prevent extinctions, efforts to protect other tetrapods, such as habitat preservation and control of trade and invasive species, will probably also benefit many reptiles.

Everything Dinosaur acknowledges the assistance of a media release from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in the compilation of this article.

The scientific paper: “A global reptile assessment highlights shared conservation needs of tetrapods” by Neil Cox, Bruce E. Young, Philip Bowles, Miguel Fernandez, Julie Marin et al published in Nature.

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26 04, 2022

Eofauna Scientific Research Deinotherium Model

By | April 26th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products|0 Comments

The Deinotherium model produced by Eofauna Scientific Research was the third prehistoric elephant figure to be added to this scale model series and what a fantastic replica of a prehistoric proboscidean it is! Team members at Everything Dinosaur took a photo of the Eofauna Deinotherium in the company’s photographic studio (see picture below).

Eofauna Deinotherium model.
The Eofauna Scientific Research Deinotherium model. A fantastic prehistoric elephant replica. Introduced in 2019, the Deinotherium was the third prehistoric proboscidean to be added to the Eofauna range. The Steppe mammoth (Mammuthus trogontherii) and the Straight-tusked elephant (Palaeoloxodon antiquus) preceded it.

Deinotherium giganteum “Gigantic Terrible Beast”

The Deinotherium genus was established in the 19th century and several species have been named and described. The species Deinotherium giganteum, the type species, was erected in 1829 by the German naturalist Johann Jakob von Kaup. The scientific name translates as “gigantic terrible beast” and with an estimated weight of 11 tonnes, Deinotherium giganteum was far larger than the largest extant elephants (Loxodonta).

Eofauna Deinotherium model.
A view of the new for 2019 Eofauna Scientific Research Deinotherium model. The figure is supplied with an Eofauna data card along with a fact sheet researched and written by Everything Dinosaur team members.

The Eofauna Deinotherium is approximately 20 cm in length and it stands around 13 cm tall. The figure has a declared scale of 1:35.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“The Eofauna Deinotherium model is one of our favourite prehistoric animal figures. Whilst working in the studio we took the opportunity to take some photographs of this wonderful model.”

To view the Eofauna Scientific Research Deinotherium and the rest of the prehistoric animals featured in this series: Eofauna Scientific Research Models.

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25 04, 2022

Mesozoic Metal Monsters

By | April 25th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Photos, Press Releases|0 Comments

There are so many clever and creative people on the worldwide web. Take for example Joe Dolan a retired welder who spends his time creating metal prehistoric monsters in his workshop. Each hand-crafted sculpture takes dozens of hours to produce, each one is a labour of love, honed by the skills developed over a lifetime as a welder/fabricator.

Joe very kindly contacted Everything Dinosaur and sent us some pictures of his latest creations.

Metallic Tyrannosaurus rex
A completed Tyrannosaurus rex sculpture. Picture credit: Joe Dolan.

Making Figures from Metal

With over forty years experience Joe’s skilfully constructed animal figures are a great conversation starter and certainly are statement pieces. All the joints are fully welded, cleaned, deburred and polished. It is great to see Joe still using his engineering and design skills to create such novel, metallic sculptures.

Metal T. rex
An impressive T. rex metal sculpture just out of the workshop. Picture credit: Joe Dolan.

The “Detail is Everything”

Joe explains that his hobby has grown into a small business. The figures are made for indoor display as the steel used in the construction would rust if left outside. At first Joe created sculptures for friends and family but soon word of his talent for creating unusual sculptures spread and he began to attract commercial interest from farther afield.

Joe has not restricted himself to dinosaurs, he builds lots of amazing sculptures of other animals too.

He explained how his unusual business started commenting:

“I started some years back, making things for myself and family. Other people started showing interest in my work so I made more, and to me “detail is everything”, plus the figurines are robust and if cared for they will last for years and years.”

A metallic fish model.
A stunning, metallic fish sculpture. Picture credit: Joe Dolan.
metal shark figure.
A beautiful, burnished shark figure created by talented engineer Joe Dolan.

Traditional Skills Given a New Twist

Traditional skills such as metal working are under threat, the models and figures that Joe has created enable him to keep using the techniques that he has honed over a lifetime, bringing pleasure and delight to others.

Metallic crab sculpture
A cleverly constructed crab – watch out for those metal claws! Picture credit: Joe Dolan.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“We are always amazed at how creative and clever people can be. Joe has turned his talents to making some amazing metallic monsters including models of dinosaurs like T. rex and Velociraptors. He also has a flair for fish models and we love the eyes on the metallic crab figure.”

A pack of metallic Velociraptors.
A pack or metallic Velociraptors on the prowl. Picture credit: Joe Dolan.

For further information about the sculptures and to contact Joe direct, we suggest you check out his Facebook page: Contact Joe Dolan on Facebook.

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24 04, 2022

Prehistoric Times Spring Issue Reviewed

By | April 24th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal Drawings, Dinosaur Fans, Magazine Reviews, Main Page|0 Comments

The latest issue of “Prehistoric Times” magazine has arrived at Everything Dinosaur’s offices and team members have been admiring all the reader submitted artwork, articles and features contained therein.

The front cover illustration has been provided by British palaeoartist John Sibbick, who must hold the record for the number of “Prehistoric Times” front covers produced by a single artist. The stunning illustration depicts typical Jehol Biota members Microraptor and Jeholornis and there are plenty of feathers on show which is appropriate as inside the magazine regular contributor Tracy Lee Ford provides part three of his excellent series on integumentary coverings.

Prehistoric Times issue 141.
The front cover artwork for the next edition of “Prehistoric Times” magazine. John Sibbick has depicted some of the feathered dinosaurs associated with the famous Jehol Biota. Picture credit: Mike Fredericks.

Bajadasaurus and the Fearsome Thalattoarchon

Phil Hore provides information on the bizarre sauropod Bajadasaurus and the ferocious Triassic ichthyosaur Thalattoarchon and there are plenty of reader submitted examples of artwork to admire too. Palaeontologist Gregory S. Paul co-authored a scientific paper published recently that proposes that there were three species of Tyrannosaurus in the Late Cretaceous of North America. The magazine includes an in-depth explanation of the paper’s conclusions and reviews the evidence.

To read the article by Everything Dinosaur on the potential split of the Tyrannosaurus genus into three species: Are There Three Tyrannosaurus Species?

Randy Knol updates collectors with the latest model news and editor Mike Fredericks reviews the latest book releases and there is a comprehensive section providing details of recent fossil discoveries and research.

Burian and the Marginocephalians

John R. Lavas continues his long-running series highlighting the astonishing artwork of the Czech artist Zdeněk Burian. Issue 141 of “Prehistoric Times” sees him focusing on the Burian’s interpretation of ceratopsids and their close relatives.

Zdeněk Burian illustrates Chasmosaurus.
An illustration of Chasmosaurus by Zdeněk Burian.

Jon Noad tells the story of one of Calgary Zoo’s oldest residents Dinny the dinosaur and Sean Kotz explains how to create a model of a Pachyrhinosaurus. Brian Novak provides part two of his series on prehistoric coins, not currency from the Cretaceous, but an illustrated guide to the types of coins and currency with a prehistoric animal theme.

The spring edition of “Prehistoric Times” is highly recommended and you can subscribe to this quarterly publication here: Subscribe to “Prehistoric Times” magazine.

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