All about dinosaurs, fossils and prehistoric animals by Everything Dinosaur team members.
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9 01, 2020

Animal-like Embryos Evolved Before Animals

By | January 9th, 2020|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Main Page, Photos/Pictures of Fossils|0 Comments

Animal-like Embryos Evolved Before the First Animals Appear in the Fossil Record

Catching up with our reading, examining university press releases and having a little time to review some scientific literature enabled team members at Everything Dinosaur to get to grips with this research.  A new paper has been published in the journal “Current Biology” that sheds light on how the Animalia evolved.  Researchers led by scientists from the University of Bristol and Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology (Nanjing, China), have discovered that animal-like embryos evolved long before the first animals appear in the fossil record.

The study centred around a multicellular organism found in 609-million-year-old-rocks in Guizhou Province.  The organism is called Caveasphaera and it blurs the definition as to what is and what is not an animal.  However, analysis of tiny embryonic fossils suggests that as Caveasphaera developed it went from a single-cell stage to a multi-cellular stage and that it developed distinct, specialist cells and tissues.

Remarkable Fossils Reveal Ancient Organism May Have Set the Blueprint for Animal Body Plans

The embryology of 609 million-year old Caveasphaera.

Embryology of 609 million-year old Caveasphaera.

Picture Credit: Philip Donoghue and Zongjun Yin

Animals evolved from single-celled ancestors, subsequently, the Animalia diversified into thirty or forty body plans.  How and when animal ancestors made this evolutionary transition from a microbial state into complex multicellular creatures has been discussed and debated for many years.  The researchers, using sophisticated X-ray computer tomography, analysed tiny fossils from southern China and identified that a key step in this major step in the story of life on our planet occurred long before complex animals appear in the fossil record, in the fossilised embryos that resemble multicellular stages in the life cycle of single-celled relatives of animals.

X-ray Microscopy – Fossils on the Cellular Level

Analysis of the Ediacaran fossils preserved in the strata, revealed that the tiny 0.5 mm in diameter Caveasphaera material had been preserved all the way down to their component cells.

Co-author of the study paper, Kelly Vargas (Bristol University), commented:

“X-Ray tomographic microscopy works like a medical CT scanner, but allows us to see features that are less than a thousandth of a millimetre in size.  We were able to sort the fossils into growth stages, reconstructing the embryology of Caveasphaera.”

Fellow co-author Zongjun Yin, (Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology), added:

“Our results show that Caveasphaera sorted its cells during embryo development, in just the same way as living animals, including humans, but we have no evidence that these embryos developed into more complex organisms.”

Scanning Electron Microscope Image of Caveasphaera Showing Cell Division

Scanning electron microscope image of Caveasphaera.

A Caveasphaera embryo showing cellular structure and the growing tips where cells are dividing to increase their numbers.

Picture Credit: Philip Donoghue and Zongjun Yin

A Life Cycle that Mirrors the Development of Animals

The researchers concluded that Caveasphaera had a life cycle very close to the life cycle of animals which alternate between single-celled and multicellular stages, however, Caveasphaera goes one step further, reorganising those cells during embryology.  This is the earliest fossil evidence found to date that shows such development and the setting up of more complex distinct tissue layers and organs.

Whether the enigmatic, Caveasphaera is a member of the Animalia remains open to debate.  It resembles the embryos of some starfish and corals but no adult forms are known as they may not have been easily fossilised.

Professor Philip Donoghue from the University of Bristol’s School of Earth Sciences, stated:

“Caveasphaera shows features that look both like microbial relatives of animals and early embryo stages of primitive animals.  We’re still searching for more fossils that may help us to decide. Either way,  fossils of Caveasphaera tell us that animal-like embryonic development evolved long before the oldest definitive animals appear in the fossil record.”

Sequential Development of Caveasphaera Mirrors the Development Seen in the Animalia

Computer generated images show embryology of Caveasphaera.

Embryology of 609 million-year old Caveasphaera.  Computer models based on X-ray tomographic microscopy of the fossils, showing the successive stages of development.

Picture Credit: Philip Donoghue and Zongjun Yin

The scientific paper: “The early Ediacaran Caveasphaera foreshadows the evolutionary origin of animal-like embryology” by Z. Yin, K. Vargas, J. Cunningham, S. Bengtson, M. Zhu, F. Marone and P. Donoghue published in Current Biology.

Everything Dinosaur acknowledges the assistance of a press release from Bristol University in the compilation of this article.

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8 01, 2020

Picking Out a Papo Allosaurus for a Customer

By | January 8th, 2020|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products|0 Comments

Picking Out a Papo Allosaurus for a Customer

The original Papo Allosaurus dinosaur model, a staple of the Papo “Les Dinosaures” model range, has been withdrawn from production and retired.  However, Everything Dinosaur still has stock of this popular theropod figure and a customer from Canada emailed us asking for more information about this particular Papo model and wanted to see some photographs of an Allosaurus prior to making a purchase.

Naturally, our dedicated, enthusiastic team members were happy to oblige.

Taking Pictures of a Papo Allosaurus Dinosaur Model (Original Colour Scheme)

Papo Allosaurus dinosaur model (original colour scheme).

The original Papo Allosaurus dinosaur model.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

This model is likely to become increasingly rare in the future, the Allosaurus has been retired by Papo, for confirmation about other prehistoric animal figures being withdrawn from the Papo range, take a look at Everything Dinosaur’s exclusive blog article here: Papo Prehistoric Animal Model Retirements in 2019.

This Model is Becoming Increasingly Rare (Papo Allosaurus in Original Colour Scheme)

Papo Allosaurus dinosaur model (original colour scheme).

The original Papo Allosaurus dinosaur model.  Now out of production and retired.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Papo Allosaurus New Colour Variant

With the announcement that the original Allosaurus was being withdrawn, the French manufacturer was quick to introduce a replacement, a new colour version of this Late Jurassic, carnivorous dinosaur.  This new figure is based on the same sculpt and it too has an articulated jaw, just like the original figure, but the colour scheme has been changed.

Introduced in 2019 – Papo Allosaurus New Colour Scheme

Papo Allosaurus new colour scheme (2019).

The Papo Allosaurus new colour scheme (2019).

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Commenting on the response to the Canadian customer’s request a spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur stated:

“We get a lot of prehistoric animal model collectors asking us about models that have been recently retired.  We try our best to carry stock of as many different models and figures as possible.  If a customer requests a photograph of a figure prior to purchase, then we are happy to do this for them.  We select a model, take the photographs and email them over to the customer, if they are happy with the model, then we set it aside and when the order is placed we send out the figure.”

Recently, Everything Dinosaur provided information on Papo prehistoric animal figures that are being retired this year (2020), in total four Papo models are being withdrawn: Papo Model Retirements (2020).

Taking Photographs of a Papo Model for a Customer

Papo Allosaurus dinosaur model (original colour scheme).

The original Papo Allosaurus dinosaur model.  Team members take pictures of the model from several angles, thus providing the customer with a really good view of their potential purchase.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

To view the range of Papo dinosaurs and prehistoric animal models, including the retired original Papo Allosaurus (whilst stocks last): Papo Prehistoric Animal Models and Figures.

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7 01, 2020

Turning a Stegosaur Fossil into the “Rosetta Stone”

By | January 7th, 2020|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Photos/Pictures of Fossils|0 Comments

Newly Described Specimen of Miragaia longicollum helps to Decipher the Dacentrurinae

A fossil of a stegosaur discovered in 1959 on the coast of western Portugal has helped to decipher the taxonomic relationships of an obscure sub-family of armoured dinosaurs known from the Late Jurassic.  The specimen number MG 4863 has been identified as an example of Miragaia longicollum, a stegosaur named and described in 2009 from fossils found some 6 miles (10 kilometres) further inland.

MG 4863 has been described as a “Rosetta Stone” specimen, just as the discovery of the Rosetta Stone was vital in helping scholars to interpret and understand ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics, these fossils, that had languished in storage for sixty years, can help palaeontologists to distinguish between different genera of closely related stegosaurs.

Laid Out in an Approximate Skeletal Reconstruction (MG 4863) – Newly Described Miragaia longicollum Specimen

Views of the Miragaia longicollum specimen ( MG 4863)

Miragaia longicollum specimen (A) before preparation and (B) after preparation. Material is laid out in approximate articulation.

Picture Credit: Costa and Mateus published in PLOS One

The picture (above), shows the fossil material associated with MG 4863 prior to preparation (September 2015) and after preparation (May 2017).  The fossils have been positioned in an approximate skeletal layout, the box in (B) contains unidentified fossil fragments.

Although far from complete and lacking any evidence of a skull, these fossils, that had been stored in an unprepared state at the Alfragide campus of LNEG (Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Portugal), consist of bones that were not part of the original holotype specimen for M. longicollum (specimen number ML 433).  Thus, palaeontologists have more parts of the skeleton of Miragaia longicollum to study and this newly described specimen has helped to decipher the differences between Miragaia and the closely related Dacentrurus.

The Dacentrurinae Deciphered

The first armoured dinosaur to be scientifically described was Dacentrurus armatus (although it was originally named Omosaurus armatus by the famous English palaeontologist Richard Owen).  It was named from a jumbled up set of bones preserved in a block discovered in a clay quarry in Wiltshire (southern England).  The fossilised bones mostly represent the back-end (posterior) portions of an armoured dinosaur.  For a considerable period, stegosaur fossils from strata approximately the same age from the Iberian peninsula were referred to as Dacentrurus.  When ML 433 was excavated all that changed and this part of Europe had its very own stegosaur Miragaia longicollum.  However, the holotype (ML 433), represented the front end (anterior) of the animal, so direct comparisons between Dacentrurus and Miragaia were not possible.

Now that palaeontologists have more fossils of Miragaia to study, thanks to the Alfragide campus specimen, clear differences between these two taxa can be identified, which reinforces their validity.  In addition, ML 4863 is the the most complete dinosaur described from Portugal and the most complete stegosaur described from the whole of Europe.

Comparing the Holotypes of Dacentrurus armatus and Miragaia longicollum with the Newly Described Miragaia Material (ML 4863)

Dacentrurus and Miragaia compared.

Comparing Dacentrurus with Miragaia.  Known fossil bones are shown in white.

Picture Credit: Costa, Mateus et al published in PLOS One with additional annotation by Everything Dinosaur

Both the Miragaia holotype (ML 433) and this newly described specimen (MG 4863), are associated with the Upper Jurassic Lourinhã Formation.  Writing in the on-line academic journal PLOS One, the researchers (Francisco Costa and Octávio Mateus), provide a revised diagnosis for both M. longicollum and D. armatus.

A Land Bridge Between Iberia and North America – Late Jurassic Faunal Interchange

Significantly, the scientists conclude that Miragaia was closely related to a Late Jurassic stegosaur named Alcovasaurus longispinus, which is known from hip bones and other fragmentary fossils associated with a Morrison Formation outcrop in Natrona County (Wyoming, USA).  Not only does MG 4863 help to describe and define two European stegosaurs but it lends weight to the idea that there was an ephemeral land bridge between North America and Iberia that allowed faunal exchange.

A Scale Drawing of Miragaia longicollum

Scale Drawing of Miragaia

“Long-neck from Miragaia”.  A scale drawing of M. longicollum.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

We have two species of the carnivorous Late Jurassic dinosaur Torvosaurus identified, one from the western United States (T. tanneri) and one from Portugal (T. gurneyi) and now the idea of there being links between the Iberian landmass and North America is reinforced by the conclusion that Miragaia from Portugal and Alcovasaurus from Wyoming were closely related.  Indeed, Alcovasaurus is so similar to Miragaia that the researchers propose that it should be assigned to the same genus and renamed Miragaia longispinus.

To read Everything Dinosaur’s article from 2009 about the discovery of Miragaia longicollumA New Long-necked Stegosaur from Portugal.

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6 01, 2020

Rebor Broodlord X-REX Pre-Order Available

By | January 6th, 2020|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Press Releases|0 Comments

Rebor Broodlord X-REX Pre-Order Available

Rebor will be introducing four brand new, innovative figures this year which combine elements of science-fiction with the Dinosauria.  The first of these figures “Broodlord”, the X-REX metallic variant will be available from Everything Dinosaur around the end of February and this model is available now for pre-order.

Rebor “Broodlord” X-REX Metallic Variant Figure Available to Pre-Order from Everything Dinosaur

Available on pre-order "Broodlord" 1:35 scale Rebor model.

The Rebor “Broodlord” X-REX metallic variant figure is available on pre-order from Everything Dinosaur.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

To pre-order your Rebor “Broodlord” X-REX figure, simply visit this link: Click here to pre-order the Rebor “Broodlord” X-REX figure.

Science Fiction Combined with Science – Ne Plus Ultra!

Those talented people at Rebor have combined the anatomies of a Tyrannosaurus rex with an alien xenomorph to create this stunning and magnificently detailed collector’s item.  When Henry Fairfield Osborn described Tyrannosaurus rex in 1905, he justified the “tyrant lizard king” genus by stating:

“Tyrannosaurus, in reference to its size, which far exceeds that of any carnivorous land animal hitherto described”.   The famous American palaeontologist added…

“This animal is in fact the ne plus ultra for the evolution of the large carnivorous dinosaurs, in brief it is entitled to the royal and high sounding group name which I have applied to it.”

“Ne plus ultra” reflects Osborn’s view that T. rex was the ultimate theropod dinosaur, the apex in carnivorous dinosaur evolution.  It is true that more recent fossil discoveries have led palaeontologists to describe a number of gigantic and terrifying meat-eaters, but none have the popular appeal of the “tyrant lizard king”.

How fitting therefore for the design team at Rebor, to use a 1:35 scale Tyrannosaurus rex sculpt as the basis for this, the first of four fantasy figures that the company intends to introduce this year.

The Rebor “Broodlord” X-REX Metallic Variant

Rebor Broodlord (metallic variant).

The Rebor Broodlord X-REX Metallic Variant (1:35 scale).

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Rebor X-REX “Broodlord” (Metallic Variant)

Measuring around 43 cm from those monstrous, double jaws to the tip of that alien tail, this figure demonstrates stunning detail and the careful painting provides a demonic, wet-look to the model.  It certainly is a remarkable cross-over between two popular genres.  X-REX has a removable tongue, the arms can be rotated and placed in different poses and the tail is flexible, so it too can be posed in a variety of positions.

The Rebor X-REX “Broodlord” Figure

Rebor Broodlord (metallic variant).

The Rebor Broodlord X-REX Metallic Variant (1:35 scale).  The tongue can be removed, the arms repositioned and the flexible tail can be put into a variety of poses.  Create your own unique fantasy diorama!

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Pre-Order from Everything Dinosaur

The amazing Rebor Broodlord X-REX model (metallic variant) in 1:35 scale can be pre-ordered from Everything Dinosaur – purchase price £29.99 plus sales tax (if applicable) and postage.

No credit/debit card payment will be taken up front, no payment will be due until the product is in stock ready to ship.  Customers who log into their personal account at Everything Dinosaur can view any pre-orders that they make.  Naturally, pre-order products can be cancelled at any time.  No deposit to pay, no fees up front, just the reassurance that the customer has been able to secure an amazing model, all backed and supported by the 5-star, award winning customer service of Everything Dinosaur.

For those customers who prefer to use PayPal, they will simply be sent an email reminder asking them to complete transaction payment when the model is in stock and ready for release.

Rebor “Broodlord” X-REX Expected Around the End of February 2020

Rebor Broodlord (metallic variant).

The Rebor Broodlord X-REX Metallic Variant (1:35 scale).

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

A wonderful science fiction/fantasy model from Rebor, the Rebor Broodlord X-REX metallic variant.  Customers can cancel pre-orders at any time before the payment falls due.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“We have set up a pre-order function at Everything Dinosaur in response to requests from our customers.  As model and figure collectors too, if our customers ask for something we try to deliver it.  Our customers can now order products before they are available, but there is no fee to pay up front, no need for a deposit, payments will be made on release of the figure when it is ready to despatch from our warehouse.  This is an additional service we are providing and with the imminent introduction of such an exciting Rebor figure as this X-REX, it seems a fitting time to roll this feature out.”

To pre-order your Rebor “Broodlord” X-REX 1:35 scale figure, click this link: Pre-order Rebor “Broodlord” X-REX here.

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5 01, 2020

Scaling Up a Shringasaurus

By | January 5th, 2020|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal Drawings, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products|0 Comments

Shringasaurus Scale Drawing

Everything Dinosaur team members are busy preparing for the arrival of new for 2020 prehistoric animal models from Safari Ltd.  One of the new figures is a replica of the Middle Triassic, horned archosauromorph from India called Shringasaurus (Shringasaurus indicus).  Plans are advanced as we prepare for the arrival of the models, team members are already compiling the fact sheets that are to be sent out with these new additions to our product portfolio.

For Shringasaurus, as with the vast majority of the prehistoric animal models we supply, a scale drawing has been commissioned, primarily for use with the fact sheet.

Everything Dinosaur’s Scale Drawing of the Horned, Middle Triassic Archosauromorph Shringasaurus

Shringasaurus scale drawing.

The archosauromorph reptile from the Middle Triassic of India – Shringasaurus indicus.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Tale of the Tape

The actual model measures approximately 16.5 centimetres in length.  When Everything Dinosaur blogged about the formal naming and scientific description of this reptile back in the late summer of 2017* the length of this herbivore, based on the seven known specimens was estimated to have been around 3.5 to 4 metres.  Taking an average, Everything Dinosaur team members prepared the scale drawing (see above).  Although Safari Ltd do not publish a scale for these types of models, the new for 2020 Shringasaurus is in approximately 1:23 scale.

To read our blog post about the 2017* discovery: New Long-necked and Horned Stem Archosaur from India.

The New for 2020 Safari Ltd (Wild Safari Prehistoric World) Shringasaurus Model

New for 2020 Wild Safari Prehistoric World Shringasaurus.

The new for 2020 Wild Safari Prehistoric World Shringasaurus.  Everything Dinosaur’s commissioned illustration for this prehistoric animal seems to have captured the detailing in the Safari Ltd model quite nicely.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Model collectors and dinosaur fans can expect all the new for 2020 Safari Ltd prehistoric animal replicas to be in stock at Everything Dinosaur in the near future.

In the meantime, click this link to see the range of Safari Ltd models and replicas currently in stock at Everything Dinosaur: Safari Ltd – Wild Safari Prehistoric World Models and Figures.

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4 01, 2020

A New “Thunder Lizard” Tralkasaurus

By | January 4th, 2020|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page|0 Comments

A New Abelisaurid (Tralkasaurus cuyi) from Argentina

A team of scientists based in Argentina have described a new species of abelisaurid from the Huincul Formation in northern Patagonia.  The new dinosaur is represented by a fragmentary skeleton consisting of caudal vertebrae (tail bones), a bone from the upper jaw (maxilla), a distorted pelvic girdle and sacral vertebrae.  Although the fossils were found in a disarticulated state and quite widely scattered, it is likely that the bones represent a single, individual animal.  With an estimated body length of around five metres and a hip height of approximately 1.5 metres, this newest member of the Abelisauridae, named Tralkasaurus cuyi, is much smaller than abelisaurs such as Carnotaurus sastrei, Abelisaurus comahuensis and Ekrixinatosaurus novasi. 

Writing in the “Journal of South American Earth Sciences”, the researchers, which included Mauricio Cerroni, a PhD student at the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, Buenos Aires (Argentina), conclude that Tralkasaurus probably occupied a different ecological niche compared to the much larger and heavier Late Cretaceous abelisaurids.

A Size Comparison Between Carnotaurus sastrei and Tralkasaurus cuyi

Tralkasaurus cuyi and Carnotaurus sastrei size comparison.

A size comparison between Tralkasaurus cuyi and Carnotaurus sastrei.  Tralkasaurus very probably had a typical abelisaurid body plan, but its size suggests that it was a secondary predator, specialising in hunting other types of prey compared to the much larger carnivorous dinosaurs that it co-existed with.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

A New “Thunder Lizard”

This new dinosaur was found at the Violante Farm site, in Río Negro province (northern Patagonia).  The sandstones of the Huincul Formation has yielded a diverse range of theropods including the giant carcharodontosaurid Mapusaurus (M. roseae), which is estimated to have measured around 12 metres in length along with the at least 6-metre-long Gualicho (G. shinyae), tentatively described as a member of the Neovenatoridae family and two other abelisaurids Skorpiovenator (S. bustingorryi) and Ilokelesia (I. aguadagrandensis).

The genus name translates as “thunder lizard”, in the native Mapuche language.

Life Reconstruction with Scale Tralkasaurus cuyi

Tralkasaurus scale drawing.

Tralkasaurus cuyi scale drawing.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Being much smaller than other abelisaurids such as Abelisaurus and Carnotaurus suggests that this new taxon probably occupied a different ecological niche within the ecosystem.

The scientific paper: “A new abelisaurid from the Huincul Formation (Cenomanian-Turonian; Upper Cretaceous) of Río Negro province, Argentina” by M. A. Cerroni, M. J. Motta, F. L. Agnolína, A. M. Aranciaga Rolando, F. Brissón Egli and F. E. Novas published in the Journal of South American Earth Sciences.

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3 01, 2020

Palaeontology Predictions for 2020

By | January 3rd, 2020|Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Palaeontological articles, Press Releases|0 Comments

Everything Dinosaur’s Palaeontology Predictions for 2020

Just for a little bit of fun, team members at Everything Dinosaur have been taking a look into their crystal balls to see if they can predict some of the news stories and other articles that we will feature on this blog site over the coming twelve months or so.  Proposals have been brought forward, we have discussed and debated and come up with a list of our predictions for what we think will be covered in our next 365 or so blog posts.

Here are our attempts at second guessing what news stories will be covered on this site.  At the end of 2020, we will take a look back to see how we have done.

1).  A new Dinosaur Named from Thailand

Last year we predicted that a new dinosaur would be named and described from fossil discoveries made in India.  We drew a blank on that one, we did not report any new genera from India being erected, so, this time we will predict that a new dinosaur will be discovered in Thailand, perhaps a basal ornithopod or a member of the Theropoda.   Last year we reported upon the discovery of two meat-eating dinosaurs from Thailand (Phuwiangvenator yaemniyomi and Vayuraptor nongbualamphuensis), in previous years we have blogged about the discovery of the remains of a huge sauropod.  Dinosaur fossils from Thailand are rare, but we will stick our collective necks out and predict a new dinosaur from this part of south-east Asia.

To read our 2019 blog article about Phuwiangvenator yaemniyomi and Vayuraptor nongbualamphuensisTwo New Theropods from Thailand.

Will a New Theropod Dinosaur be Named in 2020 from Fossils Found in Thailand?

Will Thailand have a new theropod dinosaur in 2020?

A new genus of theropod dinosaur to be named from fossil discoveries made in Thailand?

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

2).  Everything Dinosaur to be Awarded Feefo Platinum Award for Customer Service

The independent ratings company Feefo will introduce a new top standard of customer service in 2020.  The Feefo Platinum Trusted Service award recognises those businesses that go above and beyond to provide a consistently high level of customer service all the time.  This is the highest service recognition that Feefo has ever offered, will Everything Dinosaur achieve these exacting standards.  Our team members are going to do their best, if we continue to put our customers front and centre then we predict that Everything Dinosaur will achieve this standard in the next twelve months.

Everything Dinosaur Has Earned the Feefo Gold Standard for Customer Service but in 2020 Can We Do Better?

Gold Trusted Service Award to Everything Dinosaur.

Feefo awards top marks to Everything Dinosaur.  Will Everything Dinosaur earn the Platinum Trusted Service accolade in 2020?

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

3).  The “Jurassic Mile” to Make its Mark

A 26o hectare site in Wyoming (United States), will continue to astonish scientists with the wealth of Late Jurassic fossil material that it contains.  We predict that Everything Dinosaur will report on more discoveries from this remarkable site.  The location will be opened again in the spring and the joint Dutch, American and British research team will be adding to their discoveries shortly afterwards.  Expect more news of sauropods, fossil flora and dinosaur tracks, with theropods and stegosaurs thrown into the mix too.  It is the Children’s Museum of Indianapolis that is leading the research, we predict more news from them and sadly, the first reports of illegal fossil gathering from the site.

Professor Phil Manning (University of Manchester) at the “Jurassic Mile”

Professor Phil Manning and the diplodocid femur.

Professor Phil Manning (The University of Manchester) poses next to a diplodocid femur.

Picture Credit: Manchester University

4).  The Anthropocene and our Carbon Footprint

Climate change will dominate the news in the coming years.  Everything Dinosaur team members predict that the Anthropocene, the proposed, new geological epoch dating from the commencement of significant human impact on Earth’s geology and ecosystems will be thrown into sharp focus this year.  Research will be published that contrasts the sudden rise in greenhouse gases with what is known about global warming from ancient palaeoclimates.  In 2019, Everything Dinosaur developed an environmental and ethical trading policy.  We will continue to do our part by increasing the amount of recycled packing materials we use, cutting out waste, increasing the amount of material recycled and reducing our use or electricity.  We have a number of initiatives in place to help make our company more environmentally friendly including supporting the restoration of natural habitats.  We predict blog posts will focus on the environmental emergency and that links will be made to previous climate change events recorded by scientists.  The concept of a sixth mass extinction event as recorded in the Phanerozoic will be reported upon in this weblog.

Expecting the Anthropocene to Make Headlines in 2020

Climate change, time is running short to make necessary changes.

Climate change, time is running out, changes in human activity need to be made.

Picture Credit: Associated Press

5).  Everything Dinosaur to add an Additional Fifty Models

This year is going to be yet another very busy one for Everything Dinosaur.  The range of models and figures that we currently supply is vast but just as last year we predict that at least fifty new replicas and figures will be added to our range over the next twelve months.  We have already made exclusive announcements about CollectA models and Papo, expect more news about new products in the coming months.  Fifty new models works out at around one new model every 175 hours!

New Models for 2020 in Stock at Everything Dinosaur

New models and figures expected at Everything Dinosaur in 2020.

Everything Dinosaur expects to stock a lot of new prehistoric animal figures in 2020.  Expect new models from Rebor, Beasts of the Mesozoic, CollectA, Safari Ltd and Papo in 2020.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

6). “Jurassic World 3” – First Trailers Expected

Expect the hyperbole regarding the sixth instalment of the “Jurassic Park/World” movie franchise to build over the next twelve months.  The first teaser trailers are likely to be released soon, perhaps airing first in the USA during the commercials surrounding the Super Bowl in early February.  An announcement has already been made about the original stars of the 1993 film “Jurassic Park”, joining the cast and reprising their roles for the new film.  “Jurassic World 3” is due for release in 2021 and will be directed by Colin Trevorrow.

Stars of the Original Film will Feature in “Jurassic World 3”

Stars to return in "Jurassic World 3".

Sam Neill, Laura Dern and Jeff Goldblum will reprise their roles.  However, Gennaro (pictured far left), played by Martin Ferrero, is not going to return, his part in the franchise was ended by a hungry T. rex.

Picture Credit: Getty Images

7).  Picking Up a Prehistoric Penguin

Last but not least comes our prediction that sometime over the next twelve months or so a scientific paper will be published that describes a new species of prehistoric penguin.  Lots of different types of prehistoric birds are going to be named and described in 2020.  We can expect new discoveries from China, the United States and possibly Antarctica.  However, Everything Dinosaur team members predict that a scientific paper will be published naming and describing a new species of penguin, perhaps a recent Pleistocene species or an early member of the Sphenisciformes Order.  New Zealand has proved to be a successful hunting ground for fossils of early penguins so we predict that the fossil discoveries will come from that country.

To read a recent article about the fossils of a giant penguin: Monster Penguin from the Southern Hemisphere.

So, we have made seven predictions about news stories and other articles that we will feature on this blog site over the coming year.  In twelve months’ time, we will look back to see how we have got on.

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2 01, 2020

Palaeontology Predictions for 2019 – How Did We Get On?

By | January 2nd, 2020|Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Palaeontological articles, Press Releases|1 Comment

Palaeontology Predictions for 2019 – How Did We Get On?

One of the skills in science is being able to predict the outcome of any experiment.  The prediction can then be compared with the actual outcome and the reasons for any variance can become another line of enquiry.  In early January, there are lots of New Year resolutions being made, but for team members at Everything Dinosaur, rather than looking forward, we shall reflect on the list of palaeontology predictions we made twelve months ago.  How accurate were our attempts at trying to second guess news stories we would cover in this blog?

Thus, we end the preamble and jump right in…

Here is the list of our 2019 palaeontology predictions with notes as to how well (or how badly) we did:

The List of Predictions (2019)

1).  More Ceratopsians to be Described from America (Four New Members of the Marginocephalia).
2).  Herefordshire Lagerstätte To Make Its Mark Again – A New Species of Silurian Marine Invertebrate.
3).  A New Dinosaur from India.
4).  Fifty New Models Available from Everything Dinosaur.
5).  The Presence of Melanosomes Amongst the Dinosauria (The Colour of Dinosaurs).
6).  A New Species of Large Azhdarchid Pterosaur – northern Africa or the Hateg Basin.
7).  New Tyrannosaurids from the United States (Two New Species).

1).  Four New Members of the Marginocephalia

We are off to a bit of a shaky start.  In 2018, we reported on one new addition to the Marginocephalia and again in 2019 we covered just one new member of this clade.  Our blushes were saved by the first unique dinosaur species to have been found in the Canadian Province of British Columbia – Ferrisaurus sustutensis.  We thought there would be more horned dinosaurs and pachycephalosaurs from what was the southern portion of Laramidia, but no, Ferrisaurus roamed the more northerly parts of this ancient landmass.

Ferrisaurus sustutensis Life Reconstruction

Ferrisaurus sustutensis life reconstruction.

Ferrisaurus sustutensis illustrated.  Just one new member of the Marginocephalia reported upon in 2019, the leptoceratopsid F. sustutensis.

Picture Credit: Raven Amos and courtesy of the Royal British Columbia Museum

2).  A New Species of Silurian Marine Invertebrate – Herefordshire Lagerstätte Fossil Find

Back in April 2019, team members wrote about the discovery of a multi-tentacled predator from the secret Silurian-aged Herefordshire Lagerstätte.  Sollasina cthulhu was described in some press reports as a “monster”, but at just three centimetres in diameter, things need to be kept in perspective.  However, it was likely a seafloor-dwelling, ferocious predator and a significant fossil discovery, as it helps to shed light on the evolution of sea cucumbers and their relatives, many of which are still with us today.

Sollasina cthulhu Life Reconstruction

Life reconstruction of the Silurian ancestral sea cucumber Sollasina cthulhu.

Sollasina cthulhu life reconstruction.

Picture Credit: Elissa Martin, (Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History)

3).  A New Dinosaur from India

Whoops, despite lots of new dinosaurs being named and described last year (we think there were 43 new genera published), as far as the team members at Everything Dinosaur are aware, India drew a blank.    Approximately 8 new genera were described from Argentina, China and the USA produced 6 and 5 respectively.  Mongolia had 4 new dinosaur genera named in 2019.  As for India, nothing, our prediction proved to be inaccurate.  There was even a formal description of a long-awaited dinosaur discovery from Japan: Japan’s Greatest Dinosaur Fossil Gets a Name, but nothing from India, better luck next time.

Argentina Recorded Eight New Dinosaur Genera in 2019 including Bajadasaurus pronuspinax

CollectA Bajadasaurus model and an illustration of the strange cervical vertebrae.

The bizarre cervical vertebrae of Bajadasaurus and a life reconstruction, one of eight new genera of dinosaur described from Argentina in 2019.

Picture Credit: Gallina et al published in Scientific Reports and Everything Dinosaur

4).  Fifty New Models Available from Everything Dinosaur

With new figures from Mojo Fun, Schleich, PNSO, Rebor, Papo, CollectA and Beasts of the Mesozoic there were more than fifty new prehistoric animal replicas added to the Everything Dinosaur range last year, how many more in 2020?  Perhaps, we could have a go at a prediction for the next twelve months.

Lots and Lots of New Prehistoric Animal Models Added to the Everything Dinosaur Portfolio in 2019

A large number of prehistoric animal models added to Everything Dinosaur's huge range.

More than fifty different prehistoric animal models added to Everything Dinosaur’s huge range in 2019.  Mojo Fun, PNSO, Rebor, CollectA, Beasts of the Mesozoic, Schleich and Papo what a huge range!

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

5).  The Presence of Melanosomes Amongst the Dinosauria

East Gippsland (Victoria, Australia), currently being devastated by intense bush fires, provided Everything Dinosaur with evidence of the colour of dinosaurs from “Down Under”.  Remarkable bird and non-avian fossilised feathers from the Koonwarra Fish Beds Geological Reserve were analysed and fresh insights into the plumage of Early Cretaceous inhabitants of southern Gondwana were gained.  The scientists, writing in the academic journal “Gondwana Research”, highlighted dark pigmentation which might have provided camouflage or helped with the absorption of energy from the rays of sun – helpful if you live in high latitudes.  Looks like we got this prediction just about right.

One of the Tufted Body Feathers from the Research Paper

Feather fossil from the A fossilised feather from the Koonwarra Fish Beds Geological Reserve.

A fossilised feather from the Koonwarra Fish Beds Geological Reserve.  More information on prehistoric pigmentation.

Picture Credit: Kundrát et al (Gondwana Research)

6).  A New, Large Azhdarchid Pterosaur

2019 proved to be a productive year for pterosaur research, sure enough one of the nine new genera named was indeed a giant, azhdarchid (Cryodrakon boreas).  However, we predicted that this find would be reported from north African deposits or perhaps from the famous Hateg Basin of Romania.  We were correct when it came to the pterosaur but a few thousand miles out when it came to the location of its discovery.  Like Ferrisaurus sustutensis, this was a fossil discovery from Canada, but not from British Columbia, the Cryodrakon fossil remains come from the Dinosaur Provincial Park Formation of southern Alberta.  To read more about this giant flying reptile: The First Pterosaur Unique to Canada.  As Ferrisaurus was the first dinosaur unique to Canada, so Cryodrakon is the first reported pterosaur that was unique to this country too.

7).  Two New Tyrannosaurids from the United States

In February, we reported on a fast-running member of the Tyrannosauroidea from the Cedar Mountain Formation (Utah).  This dinosaur was named Moros intrepidus.  In May, Everything Dinosaur team members blogged about the newly described Suskityrannus hazelae.  It [Suskityrannus] may only have been around three metres in length, but it represents one of the best known early Late Cretaceous tyrannosauroids yet to be described.

Moros intrepidus (top) and Suskityrannus hazelae (below)

M. intrepidus and S. hazelae life reconstruction.

Moros intrepidus and Suskityrannus hazelae illustrations.

Picture Credit: Andrey Atuchin (S. hazelae) and Jorge Gonzalez (M. intrepidus)

So, all in all, not a bad set of predictions, some were admittedly more accurate than others.  What predictions will we make for 2020?  We will publish our thoughts tomorrow.

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1 01, 2020

Happy New Year from Everything Dinosaur

By | January 1st, 2020|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page, Press Releases|0 Comments

Happy New Year from Everything Dinosaur

Wishing all our customers, web log readers, Facebook fans, followers on Instagram and social media friends a very happy New Year.  The start of another decade of dinosaur and prehistoric animal news stories and fossil discoveries.

Wishing All our Customers and Readers a Very Happy New Year

Happy New Year from Everything Dinosaur.

Team members at Everything Dinosaur would like to wish all our customers, readers and social media followers a very happy New Year.  Can you spot the dinosaur?  Can you spot the pterosaur?

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Team members have lots of exciting plans for the next twelve months.  Many more dinosaur and prehistoric animal models will be added to our already huge portfolio, the first of the new for 2020 models should be with us in just a few weeks.

Wishing all our customers and readers a wonderful, peaceful and prosperous 2020.

Given our plans, we think it is appropriate to also say: Feliz Año Nuevo, Bonne Année, Frohes neues Jahr, Felice Anno Nuovo, Feliz Ano Novo, Akemashiteomedetōgozaimasu …

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31 12, 2019

Everything Dinosaur Has Maintained the Feefo Gold Trusted Service Award for the Whole of 2019

By | December 31st, 2019|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page, Press Releases|0 Comments

Maintaining the Feefo Gold Trusted Service Award for 2019

Everything Dinosaur has continued to maintain its very high customer service standards throughout the whole of the festive period.  Furthermore, the UK-based dinosaur themed company has maintained the Feefo Gold Trusted Service award throughout the whole of 2019.  Everything Dinosaur has been awarded the highest accolade by Feefo, the independent ratings company for the last three years.

Everything Dinosaur Has Maintained the Highest Standards of Customer Service Throughout 2019

Feefo certificate of excellence (2019).

Everything Dinosaur has once again, maintained the very highest standards of customer service.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Hundreds of Reviews from Real Customers

There are hundreds of customer reviews on the Everything Dinosaur website.  Every single one of them has been independently verified by Feefo.

Some examples of recent customer reviews for Everything Dinosaur:

Rustam from Azerbaijan wrote:

“I would definitely recommend them and continue purchasing the models and other prehistoric accessories from Everything Dinosaur.”

Basit Ali (Qatar), stated:

“Everything Dinosaur is one of the best things that ever happened in my life.  I came here late but I think to me personally their customer service is nearly unbeatable as not even once I have regretted my purchase from them.  I highly recommend shopping with these guys, you do it once and you’ll come again yourself.

Thank you, Everything Dinosaur!”

Everything Dinosaur Committed to Maintaining Customer Service Excellence

Top marks from Feefo for Everything Dinosaur customer service.

Maintaining 100% customer service all year round.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Donovan from Canada provided a review about our delivery of the limited edition Papo Spinosaurus model:

“Great service all around and they always make it easy to get what you like.  Did an amazing job with Papo limited Spinosaurus and getting figure to me in great time and boxed up so nothing could happen to it on its travels.”

Our customers in the UK think a lot about us too.

Recently, we received a review from Abigail she wrote to say:

“I have bought from this website twice now and their customer service is excellent.  Speedy delivery and items arrived in perfect condition.  The information sheets are a welcome bonus, making the dinosaurs brilliant presents for the dinosaur enthusiasts in my life!  I have emailed queries and spoken to them on the phone and in both situations my questions were answered politely, quickly and fully.  I have no complaints at all.”

In her 5-star review Courtney stated:

“Fantastic service as always – went above and beyond in fulfilling my order.”

Writing about his purchase of the CollectA Hydrotherosaurus dinosaur model Raymond commented:

“Excellent item, service, and value.  Fully recommended to all.”

Top Marks for Everything Dinosaur

5-star service from Everything Dinosaur.

5-star service from Everything Dinosaur throughout the whole of 2019.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

2020 – A New Service Challenge (Platinum Trusted Service Award from Feefo)

With Everything Dinosaur, every day is all about delivering top-notch customer service.  Since we signed up with Feefo we have been consistently one of the highest rated of all their clients.  As a result of the endeavours of businesses like us, Feefo have decided to introduce a very special award which recognises consistently high levels of customer service.  The Platinum Trusted Service award is due to be launched next year and Everything Dinosaur is hotly tipped to be amongst the first organisations in the world to be awarded this accolade.

The Platinum Trusted Service award recognises those businesses that go above and beyond to provide a consistently excellent service and dedicate themselves to acing their customer experience year after year.  We hope to post up news of this award in the near future.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“We appreciate that this time of year can be a stressful time for shoppers, we have continued to maintain our customer service and support channels and we have done all we can to help and assist our customers.  Our work is reflected in our consistently high customer service rating.  We are truly proud and humbled to have received such praise and positive feedback from our customers over many years.”

To see what all the fuss is about, Everything Dinosaur’s Feefo reviews can be found on the company website here: Everything Dinosaur’s website.

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