All about dinosaurs, fossils and prehistoric animals by Everything Dinosaur team members.
/Dinosaur Fans

Dinosaur and prehistoric animal themed articles, features and stories.

5 01, 2020

Scaling Up a Shringasaurus

By | January 5th, 2020|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal Drawings, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products|0 Comments

Shringasaurus Scale Drawing

Everything Dinosaur team members are busy preparing for the arrival of new for 2020 prehistoric animal models from Safari Ltd.  One of the new figures is a replica of the Middle Triassic, horned archosauromorph from India called Shringasaurus (Shringasaurus indicus).  Plans are advanced as we prepare for the arrival of the models, team members are already compiling the fact sheets that are to be sent out with these new additions to our product portfolio.

For Shringasaurus, as with the vast majority of the prehistoric animal models we supply, a scale drawing has been commissioned, primarily for use with the fact sheet.

Everything Dinosaur’s Scale Drawing of the Horned, Middle Triassic Archosauromorph Shringasaurus

Shringasaurus scale drawing.

The archosauromorph reptile from the Middle Triassic of India – Shringasaurus indicus.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Tale of the Tape

The actual model measures approximately 16.5 centimetres in length.  When Everything Dinosaur blogged about the formal naming and scientific description of this reptile back in the late summer of 2017* the length of this herbivore, based on the seven known specimens was estimated to have been around 3.5 to 4 metres.  Taking an average, Everything Dinosaur team members prepared the scale drawing (see above).  Although Safari Ltd do not publish a scale for these types of models, the new for 2020 Shringasaurus is in approximately 1:23 scale.

To read our blog post about the 2017* discovery: New Long-necked and Horned Stem Archosaur from India.

The New for 2020 Safari Ltd (Wild Safari Prehistoric World) Shringasaurus Model

New for 2020 Wild Safari Prehistoric World Shringasaurus.

The new for 2020 Wild Safari Prehistoric World Shringasaurus.  Everything Dinosaur’s commissioned illustration for this prehistoric animal seems to have captured the detailing in the Safari Ltd model quite nicely.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Model collectors and dinosaur fans can expect all the new for 2020 Safari Ltd prehistoric animal replicas to be in stock at Everything Dinosaur in the near future.

In the meantime, click this link to see the range of Safari Ltd models and replicas currently in stock at Everything Dinosaur: Safari Ltd – Wild Safari Prehistoric World Models and Figures.

4 01, 2020

A New “Thunder Lizard” Tralkasaurus

By | January 4th, 2020|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page|0 Comments

A New Abelisaurid (Tralkasaurus cuyi) from Argentina

A team of scientists based in Argentina have described a new species of abelisaurid from the Huincul Formation in northern Patagonia.  The new dinosaur is represented by a fragmentary skeleton consisting of caudal vertebrae (tail bones), a bone from the upper jaw (maxilla), a distorted pelvic girdle and sacral vertebrae.  Although the fossils were found in a disarticulated state and quite widely scattered, it is likely that the bones represent a single, individual animal.  With an estimated body length of around five metres and a hip height of approximately 1.5 metres, this newest member of the Abelisauridae, named Tralkasaurus cuyi, is much smaller than abelisaurs such as Carnotaurus sastrei, Abelisaurus comahuensis and Ekrixinatosaurus novasi. 

Writing in the “Journal of South American Earth Sciences”, the researchers, which included Mauricio Cerroni, a PhD student at the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, Buenos Aires (Argentina), conclude that Tralkasaurus probably occupied a different ecological niche compared to the much larger and heavier Late Cretaceous abelisaurids.

A Size Comparison Between Carnotaurus sastrei and Tralkasaurus cuyi

Tralkasaurus cuyi and Carnotaurus sastrei size comparison.

A size comparison between Tralkasaurus cuyi and Carnotaurus sastrei.  Tralkasaurus very probably had a typical abelisaurid body plan, but its size suggests that it was a secondary predator, specialising in hunting other types of prey compared to the much larger carnivorous dinosaurs that it co-existed with.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

A New “Thunder Lizard”

This new dinosaur was found at the Violante Farm site, in Río Negro province (northern Patagonia).  The sandstones of the Huincul Formation has yielded a diverse range of theropods including the giant carcharodontosaurid Mapusaurus (M. roseae), which is estimated to have measured around 12 metres in length along with the at least 6-metre-long Gualicho (G. shinyae), tentatively described as a member of the Neovenatoridae family and two other abelisaurids Skorpiovenator (S. bustingorryi) and Ilokelesia (I. aguadagrandensis).

The genus name translates as “thunder lizard”, in the native Mapuche language.

Life Reconstruction with Scale Tralkasaurus cuyi

Tralkasaurus scale drawing.

Tralkasaurus cuyi scale drawing.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Being much smaller than other abelisaurids such as Abelisaurus and Carnotaurus suggests that this new taxon probably occupied a different ecological niche within the ecosystem.

The scientific paper: “A new abelisaurid from the Huincul Formation (Cenomanian-Turonian; Upper Cretaceous) of Río Negro province, Argentina” by M. A. Cerroni, M. J. Motta, F. L. Agnolína, A. M. Aranciaga Rolando, F. Brissón Egli and F. E. Novas published in the Journal of South American Earth Sciences.

3 01, 2020

Palaeontology Predictions for 2020

By | January 3rd, 2020|Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Palaeontological articles, Press Releases|0 Comments

Everything Dinosaur’s Palaeontology Predictions for 2020

Just for a little bit of fun, team members at Everything Dinosaur have been taking a look into their crystal balls to see if they can predict some of the news stories and other articles that we will feature on this blog site over the coming twelve months or so.  Proposals have been brought forward, we have discussed and debated and come up with a list of our predictions for what we think will be covered in our next 365 or so blog posts.

Here are our attempts at second guessing what news stories will be covered on this site.  At the end of 2020, we will take a look back to see how we have done.

1).  A new Dinosaur Named from Thailand

Last year we predicted that a new dinosaur would be named and described from fossil discoveries made in India.  We drew a blank on that one, we did not report any new genera from India being erected, so, this time we will predict that a new dinosaur will be discovered in Thailand, perhaps a basal ornithopod or a member of the Theropoda.   Last year we reported upon the discovery of two meat-eating dinosaurs from Thailand (Phuwiangvenator yaemniyomi and Vayuraptor nongbualamphuensis), in previous years we have blogged about the discovery of the remains of a huge sauropod.  Dinosaur fossils from Thailand are rare, but we will stick our collective necks out and predict a new dinosaur from this part of south-east Asia.

To read our 2019 blog article about Phuwiangvenator yaemniyomi and Vayuraptor nongbualamphuensisTwo New Theropods from Thailand.

Will a New Theropod Dinosaur be Named in 2020 from Fossils Found in Thailand?

Will Thailand have a new theropod dinosaur in 2020?

A new genus of theropod dinosaur to be named from fossil discoveries made in Thailand?

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

2).  Everything Dinosaur to be Awarded Feefo Platinum Award for Customer Service

The independent ratings company Feefo will introduce a new top standard of customer service in 2020.  The Feefo Platinum Trusted Service award recognises those businesses that go above and beyond to provide a consistently high level of customer service all the time.  This is the highest service recognition that Feefo has ever offered, will Everything Dinosaur achieve these exacting standards.  Our team members are going to do their best, if we continue to put our customers front and centre then we predict that Everything Dinosaur will achieve this standard in the next twelve months.

Everything Dinosaur Has Earned the Feefo Gold Standard for Customer Service but in 2020 Can We Do Better?

Gold Trusted Service Award to Everything Dinosaur.

Feefo awards top marks to Everything Dinosaur.  Will Everything Dinosaur earn the Platinum Trusted Service accolade in 2020?

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

3).  The “Jurassic Mile” to Make its Mark

A 26o hectare site in Wyoming (United States), will continue to astonish scientists with the wealth of Late Jurassic fossil material that it contains.  We predict that Everything Dinosaur will report on more discoveries from this remarkable site.  The location will be opened again in the spring and the joint Dutch, American and British research team will be adding to their discoveries shortly afterwards.  Expect more news of sauropods, fossil flora and dinosaur tracks, with theropods and stegosaurs thrown into the mix too.  It is the Children’s Museum of Indianapolis that is leading the research, we predict more news from them and sadly, the first reports of illegal fossil gathering from the site.

Professor Phil Manning (University of Manchester) at the “Jurassic Mile”

Professor Phil Manning and the diplodocid femur.

Professor Phil Manning (The University of Manchester) poses next to a diplodocid femur.

Picture Credit: Manchester University

4).  The Anthropocene and our Carbon Footprint

Climate change will dominate the news in the coming years.  Everything Dinosaur team members predict that the Anthropocene, the proposed, new geological epoch dating from the commencement of significant human impact on Earth’s geology and ecosystems will be thrown into sharp focus this year.  Research will be published that contrasts the sudden rise in greenhouse gases with what is known about global warming from ancient palaeoclimates.  In 2019, Everything Dinosaur developed an environmental and ethical trading policy.  We will continue to do our part by increasing the amount of recycled packing materials we use, cutting out waste, increasing the amount of material recycled and reducing our use or electricity.  We have a number of initiatives in place to help make our company more environmentally friendly including supporting the restoration of natural habitats.  We predict blog posts will focus on the environmental emergency and that links will be made to previous climate change events recorded by scientists.  The concept of a sixth mass extinction event as recorded in the Phanerozoic will be reported upon in this weblog.

Expecting the Anthropocene to Make Headlines in 2020

Climate change, time is running short to make necessary changes.

Climate change, time is running out, changes in human activity need to be made.

Picture Credit: Associated Press

5).  Everything Dinosaur to add an Additional Fifty Models

This year is going to be yet another very busy one for Everything Dinosaur.  The range of models and figures that we currently supply is vast but just as last year we predict that at least fifty new replicas and figures will be added to our range over the next twelve months.  We have already made exclusive announcements about CollectA models and Papo, expect more news about new products in the coming months.  Fifty new models works out at around one new model every 175 hours!

New Models for 2020 in Stock at Everything Dinosaur

New models and figures expected at Everything Dinosaur in 2020.

Everything Dinosaur expects to stock a lot of new prehistoric animal figures in 2020.  Expect new models from Rebor, Beasts of the Mesozoic, CollectA, Safari Ltd and Papo in 2020.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

6). “Jurassic World 3” – First Trailers Expected

Expect the hyperbole regarding the sixth instalment of the “Jurassic Park/World” movie franchise to build over the next twelve months.  The first teaser trailers are likely to be released soon, perhaps airing first in the USA during the commercials surrounding the Super Bowl in early February.  An announcement has already been made about the original stars of the 1993 film “Jurassic Park”, joining the cast and reprising their roles for the new film.  “Jurassic World 3” is due for release in 2021 and will be directed by Colin Trevorrow.

Stars of the Original Film will Feature in “Jurassic World 3”

Stars to return in "Jurassic World 3".

Sam Neill, Laura Dern and Jeff Goldblum will reprise their roles.  However, Gennaro (pictured far left), played by Martin Ferrero, is not going to return, his part in the franchise was ended by a hungry T. rex.

Picture Credit: Getty Images

7).  Picking Up a Prehistoric Penguin

Last but not least comes our prediction that sometime over the next twelve months or so a scientific paper will be published that describes a new species of prehistoric penguin.  Lots of different types of prehistoric birds are going to be named and described in 2020.  We can expect new discoveries from China, the United States and possibly Antarctica.  However, Everything Dinosaur team members predict that a scientific paper will be published naming and describing a new species of penguin, perhaps a recent Pleistocene species or an early member of the Sphenisciformes Order.  New Zealand has proved to be a successful hunting ground for fossils of early penguins so we predict that the fossil discoveries will come from that country.

To read a recent article about the fossils of a giant penguin: Monster Penguin from the Southern Hemisphere.

So, we have made seven predictions about news stories and other articles that we will feature on this blog site over the coming year.  In twelve months’ time, we will look back to see how we have got on.

2 01, 2020

Palaeontology Predictions for 2019 – How Did We Get On?

By | January 2nd, 2020|Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Palaeontological articles, Press Releases|1 Comment

Palaeontology Predictions for 2019 – How Did We Get On?

One of the skills in science is being able to predict the outcome of any experiment.  The prediction can then be compared with the actual outcome and the reasons for any variance can become another line of enquiry.  In early January, there are lots of New Year resolutions being made, but for team members at Everything Dinosaur, rather than looking forward, we shall reflect on the list of palaeontology predictions we made twelve months ago.  How accurate were our attempts at trying to second guess news stories we would cover in this blog?

Thus, we end the preamble and jump right in…

Here is the list of our 2019 palaeontology predictions with notes as to how well (or how badly) we did:

The List of Predictions (2019)

1).  More Ceratopsians to be Described from America (Four New Members of the Marginocephalia).
2).  Herefordshire Lagerstätte To Make Its Mark Again – A New Species of Silurian Marine Invertebrate.
3).  A New Dinosaur from India.
4).  Fifty New Models Available from Everything Dinosaur.
5).  The Presence of Melanosomes Amongst the Dinosauria (The Colour of Dinosaurs).
6).  A New Species of Large Azhdarchid Pterosaur – northern Africa or the Hateg Basin.
7).  New Tyrannosaurids from the United States (Two New Species).

1).  Four New Members of the Marginocephalia

We are off to a bit of a shaky start.  In 2018, we reported on one new addition to the Marginocephalia and again in 2019 we covered just one new member of this clade.  Our blushes were saved by the first unique dinosaur species to have been found in the Canadian Province of British Columbia – Ferrisaurus sustutensis.  We thought there would be more horned dinosaurs and pachycephalosaurs from what was the southern portion of Laramidia, but no, Ferrisaurus roamed the more northerly parts of this ancient landmass.

Ferrisaurus sustutensis Life Reconstruction

Ferrisaurus sustutensis life reconstruction.

Ferrisaurus sustutensis illustrated.  Just one new member of the Marginocephalia reported upon in 2019, the leptoceratopsid F. sustutensis.

Picture Credit: Raven Amos and courtesy of the Royal British Columbia Museum

2).  A New Species of Silurian Marine Invertebrate – Herefordshire Lagerstätte Fossil Find

Back in April 2019, team members wrote about the discovery of a multi-tentacled predator from the secret Silurian-aged Herefordshire Lagerstätte.  Sollasina cthulhu was described in some press reports as a “monster”, but at just three centimetres in diameter, things need to be kept in perspective.  However, it was likely a seafloor-dwelling, ferocious predator and a significant fossil discovery, as it helps to shed light on the evolution of sea cucumbers and their relatives, many of which are still with us today.

Sollasina cthulhu Life Reconstruction

Life reconstruction of the Silurian ancestral sea cucumber Sollasina cthulhu.

Sollasina cthulhu life reconstruction.

Picture Credit: Elissa Martin, (Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History)

3).  A New Dinosaur from India

Whoops, despite lots of new dinosaurs being named and described last year (we think there were 43 new genera published), as far as the team members at Everything Dinosaur are aware, India drew a blank.    Approximately 8 new genera were described from Argentina, China and the USA produced 6 and 5 respectively.  Mongolia had 4 new dinosaur genera named in 2019.  As for India, nothing, our prediction proved to be inaccurate.  There was even a formal description of a long-awaited dinosaur discovery from Japan: Japan’s Greatest Dinosaur Fossil Gets a Name, but nothing from India, better luck next time.

Argentina Recorded Eight New Dinosaur Genera in 2019 including Bajadasaurus pronuspinax

CollectA Bajadasaurus model and an illustration of the strange cervical vertebrae.

The bizarre cervical vertebrae of Bajadasaurus and a life reconstruction, one of eight new genera of dinosaur described from Argentina in 2019.

Picture Credit: Gallina et al published in Scientific Reports and Everything Dinosaur

4).  Fifty New Models Available from Everything Dinosaur

With new figures from Mojo Fun, Schleich, PNSO, Rebor, Papo, CollectA and Beasts of the Mesozoic there were more than fifty new prehistoric animal replicas added to the Everything Dinosaur range last year, how many more in 2020?  Perhaps, we could have a go at a prediction for the next twelve months.

Lots and Lots of New Prehistoric Animal Models Added to the Everything Dinosaur Portfolio in 2019

A large number of prehistoric animal models added to Everything Dinosaur's huge range.

More than fifty different prehistoric animal models added to Everything Dinosaur’s huge range in 2019.  Mojo Fun, PNSO, Rebor, CollectA, Beasts of the Mesozoic, Schleich and Papo what a huge range!

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

5).  The Presence of Melanosomes Amongst the Dinosauria

East Gippsland (Victoria, Australia), currently being devastated by intense bush fires, provided Everything Dinosaur with evidence of the colour of dinosaurs from “Down Under”.  Remarkable bird and non-avian fossilised feathers from the Koonwarra Fish Beds Geological Reserve were analysed and fresh insights into the plumage of Early Cretaceous inhabitants of southern Gondwana were gained.  The scientists, writing in the academic journal “Gondwana Research”, highlighted dark pigmentation which might have provided camouflage or helped with the absorption of energy from the rays of sun – helpful if you live in high latitudes.  Looks like we got this prediction just about right.

One of the Tufted Body Feathers from the Research Paper

Feather fossil from the A fossilised feather from the Koonwarra Fish Beds Geological Reserve.

A fossilised feather from the Koonwarra Fish Beds Geological Reserve.  More information on prehistoric pigmentation.

Picture Credit: Kundrát et al (Gondwana Research)

6).  A New, Large Azhdarchid Pterosaur

2019 proved to be a productive year for pterosaur research, sure enough one of the nine new genera named was indeed a giant, azhdarchid (Cryodrakon boreas).  However, we predicted that this find would be reported from north African deposits or perhaps from the famous Hateg Basin of Romania.  We were correct when it came to the pterosaur but a few thousand miles out when it came to the location of its discovery.  Like Ferrisaurus sustutensis, this was a fossil discovery from Canada, but not from British Columbia, the Cryodrakon fossil remains come from the Dinosaur Provincial Park Formation of southern Alberta.  To read more about this giant flying reptile: The First Pterosaur Unique to Canada.  As Ferrisaurus was the first dinosaur unique to Canada, so Cryodrakon is the first reported pterosaur that was unique to this country too.

7).  Two New Tyrannosaurids from the United States

In February, we reported on a fast-running member of the Tyrannosauroidea from the Cedar Mountain Formation (Utah).  This dinosaur was named Moros intrepidus.  In May, Everything Dinosaur team members blogged about the newly described Suskityrannus hazelae.  It [Suskityrannus] may only have been around three metres in length, but it represents one of the best known early Late Cretaceous tyrannosauroids yet to be described.

Moros intrepidus (top) and Suskityrannus hazelae (below)

M. intrepidus and S. hazelae life reconstruction.

Moros intrepidus and Suskityrannus hazelae illustrations.

Picture Credit: Andrey Atuchin (S. hazelae) and Jorge Gonzalez (M. intrepidus)

So, all in all, not a bad set of predictions, some were admittedly more accurate than others.  What predictions will we make for 2020?  We will publish our thoughts tomorrow.

1 01, 2020

Happy New Year from Everything Dinosaur

By | January 1st, 2020|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page, Press Releases|0 Comments

Happy New Year from Everything Dinosaur

Wishing all our customers, web log readers, Facebook fans, followers on Instagram and social media friends a very happy New Year.  The start of another decade of dinosaur and prehistoric animal news stories and fossil discoveries.

Wishing All our Customers and Readers a Very Happy New Year

Happy New Year from Everything Dinosaur.

Team members at Everything Dinosaur would like to wish all our customers, readers and social media followers a very happy New Year.  Can you spot the dinosaur?  Can you spot the pterosaur?

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Team members have lots of exciting plans for the next twelve months.  Many more dinosaur and prehistoric animal models will be added to our already huge portfolio, the first of the new for 2020 models should be with us in just a few weeks.

Wishing all our customers and readers a wonderful, peaceful and prosperous 2020.

Given our plans, we think it is appropriate to also say: Feliz Año Nuevo, Bonne Année, Frohes neues Jahr, Felice Anno Nuovo, Feliz Ano Novo, Akemashiteomedetōgozaimasu …

31 12, 2019

Everything Dinosaur Has Maintained the Feefo Gold Trusted Service Award for the Whole of 2019

By | December 31st, 2019|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page, Press Releases|0 Comments

Maintaining the Feefo Gold Trusted Service Award for 2019

Everything Dinosaur has continued to maintain its very high customer service standards throughout the whole of the festive period.  Furthermore, the UK-based dinosaur themed company has maintained the Feefo Gold Trusted Service award throughout the whole of 2019.  Everything Dinosaur has been awarded the highest accolade by Feefo, the independent ratings company for the last three years.

Everything Dinosaur Has Maintained the Highest Standards of Customer Service Throughout 2019

Feefo certificate of excellence (2019).

Everything Dinosaur has once again, maintained the very highest standards of customer service.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Hundreds of Reviews from Real Customers

There are hundreds of customer reviews on the Everything Dinosaur website.  Every single one of them has been independently verified by Feefo.

Some examples of recent customer reviews for Everything Dinosaur:

Rustam from Azerbaijan wrote:

“I would definitely recommend them and continue purchasing the models and other prehistoric accessories from Everything Dinosaur.”

Basit Ali (Qatar), stated:

“Everything Dinosaur is one of the best things that ever happened in my life.  I came here late but I think to me personally their customer service is nearly unbeatable as not even once I have regretted my purchase from them.  I highly recommend shopping with these guys, you do it once and you’ll come again yourself.

Thank you, Everything Dinosaur!”

Everything Dinosaur Committed to Maintaining Customer Service Excellence

Top marks from Feefo for Everything Dinosaur customer service.

Maintaining 100% customer service all year round.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Donovan from Canada provided a review about our delivery of the limited edition Papo Spinosaurus model:

“Great service all around and they always make it easy to get what you like.  Did an amazing job with Papo limited Spinosaurus and getting figure to me in great time and boxed up so nothing could happen to it on its travels.”

Our customers in the UK think a lot about us too.

Recently, we received a review from Abigail she wrote to say:

“I have bought from this website twice now and their customer service is excellent.  Speedy delivery and items arrived in perfect condition.  The information sheets are a welcome bonus, making the dinosaurs brilliant presents for the dinosaur enthusiasts in my life!  I have emailed queries and spoken to them on the phone and in both situations my questions were answered politely, quickly and fully.  I have no complaints at all.”

In her 5-star review Courtney stated:

“Fantastic service as always – went above and beyond in fulfilling my order.”

Writing about his purchase of the CollectA Hydrotherosaurus dinosaur model Raymond commented:

“Excellent item, service, and value.  Fully recommended to all.”

Top Marks for Everything Dinosaur

5-star service from Everything Dinosaur.

5-star service from Everything Dinosaur throughout the whole of 2019.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

2020 – A New Service Challenge (Platinum Trusted Service Award from Feefo)

With Everything Dinosaur, every day is all about delivering top-notch customer service.  Since we signed up with Feefo we have been consistently one of the highest rated of all their clients.  As a result of the endeavours of businesses like us, Feefo have decided to introduce a very special award which recognises consistently high levels of customer service.  The Platinum Trusted Service award is due to be launched next year and Everything Dinosaur is hotly tipped to be amongst the first organisations in the world to be awarded this accolade.

The Platinum Trusted Service award recognises those businesses that go above and beyond to provide a consistently excellent service and dedicate themselves to acing their customer experience year after year.  We hope to post up news of this award in the near future.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“We appreciate that this time of year can be a stressful time for shoppers, we have continued to maintain our customer service and support channels and we have done all we can to help and assist our customers.  Our work is reflected in our consistently high customer service rating.  We are truly proud and humbled to have received such praise and positive feedback from our customers over many years.”

To see what all the fuss is about, Everything Dinosaur’s Feefo reviews can be found on the company website here: Everything Dinosaur’s website.

30 12, 2019

Illustrating Atlasaurus

By | December 30th, 2019|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal Drawings, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products|2 Comments

Illustrating Atlasaurus

Our thanks to Caldey who sent into Everything Dinosaur a beautiful illustration of the bizarre north African sauropod Atlasaurus (A. imelakei) which had been inspired by her recent purchase of the Eofauna Scientific Research Atlasaurus model.

An Illustration of the Middle Jurassic North African Sauropod Atlasaurus

Illustrating Atlasaurus.

An illustration of the north African sauropod (Middle Jurassic) Atlasaurus imelakei.

Picture Credit: Caldey

Known from a single fossil specimen discovered in sandstone sediments in the Béni Mellal-Khénifra region of Morocco.  Atlasaurus is just one of a handful of sauropods that have been found in north Africa and it is the most complete.  The fossils, believed to represent one animal, consist of a partial skull, a considerable portion of the postcranial skeleton and a partial tail.  This dinosaur is estimated to have been around fifteen metres in length.

Bizarre Sauropod Body Proportions

The body plan of this herbivorous dinosaur was very different from its better-known sauropod contemporaries from North America, China and Europe.  Its limb bones were proportionately longer than most other sauropodomorphs and its front legs were longer than its hind legs, so its back sloped from the shoulders to the tail.  Unusually, the neck was relatively short for such a large animal.  Scientists have postulated that the long limbs evolved to assist this dinosaur when feeding.  It could reach vegetation that other herbivorous dinosaurs could not reach.

The Eofauna Scientific Research Atlasaurus Dinosaur Model

Eofauna Scientific Research Atlasaurus dinosaur model.

Eofauna Atlasaurus dinosaur model.  The inspiration behind Caldey’s illustration.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Caldey’s drawing has certainly captured these bizarre body proportions and the intriguing colour scheme devised by those talented model makers at Eofauna Scientific Research.  Our thanks to Caldey for sending into us her fabulous dinosaur drawing.

To view the figures within the Eofauna Scientific Research model series, including the Atlasaurus replica: Eofauna Scientific Research Prehistoric Animal Figures.

30 12, 2019

Illustrating Iguanodon

By | December 30th, 2019|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal Drawings, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products|0 Comments

Illustrating Iguanodon

Everything Dinosaur team members get sent lots of amazing prehistoric animal drawings, we really do have some supremely talented customers.  Today, we feature a pencil sketch from Ian, he has chosen to illustrate an iguanodontid.  From the heavy build, we suggest that this is an illustration of Iguanodon bernissartensis, however, it could just as well be an illustration of another robust iguanodontid such as Barilum dawsoni.

Ian’s Iguanodontid Illustration Sent into Everything Dinosaur

Iguanodontid illustration.

An illustration of a robust iguanodontid, possible I. bernissartensis or B. dawsoni.

Picture Credit: Ian

A Quadrupedal Stance

Ian has chosen to depict his ornithopod in a quadrupedal stance.  Such a large and powerful animal would have had little to fear from the predators that shared its habitat, although if threatened and needing to make a quick getaway, these animals could rear up onto their strong hindlegs and adopt a bipedal running gait.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“Our thanks to Ian for sending into us his splendid pencil drawing of a stocky, robust iguanodontid.  It is always a pleasure to receive illustrations of dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals.”

Papo Iguanodon Inspires Illustration

Team members suspect that the 2018 Papo Iguanodon model may have inspired the artist to produce this illustration.  What do you think?

The Papo Iguanodon Dinosaur Model

Papo Iguanodon dinosaur model.

The new for 2018 Papo Iguanodon model.  The possible inspiration behind Ian’s drawing.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

28 12, 2019

Everything Dinosaur’s Top Ten Blog Posts of 2019 (Part 2)

By | December 28th, 2019|Adobe CS5, Animal News Stories, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Photos/Pictures of Fossils|0 Comments

Everything Dinosaur’s Top Ten Blog Posts of 2019 (Part 2)

Today, we conclude our review of the top ten blog posts written by Everything Dinosaur team members in 2019.  We have produced a blog post for every day of the year and as a result we have covered a tremendous range of topics from new fossil discoveries, highlighting research, the introduction (and retirement) of prehistoric animal replicas, book reviews, artwork created by academic illustrators and scientific discoveries.

Here is our countdown of the top five.

5). Ngwevu intloko – New Dinosaur “Hiding in Plain Sight”

Over the summer, Everything Dinosaur published a wide range of articles.  A new bizarre, shovel-mouthed duck-billed dinosaur (Aquilarhinus), was reported and news of a fast-running Triassic theropod from Switzerland (Notatesseraptor) broke.  We had strange prehistoric parrots, an analysis of the cranial capacity of “parrot lizard” Psittacosaurus and herbivorous crocodylomorphs.  However, number five on our list concerns the discovery of a new type of Triassic herbivorous dinosaur that was found in a museum cabinet.

Fossils once thought to represent an unusual specimen of Massosopondylus (M. carinatus) in the collection of the University of Witwatersrand (South Africa), were assigned to their own genus. Student Kimberley Chapelle and colleagues identified a total of twenty-two characteristics that supported the establishment of a brand new dinosaur genus.  The new dinosaur was named Ngwevu intloko, this member of the Sauropodomorpha had been hiding in plain sight within the vertebrate fossil collection of the University for more than three decades.

Views of the Skull of Ngwevu intloko

Views of the skull of N. intloko.

Views of the skull of Ngwevu intloko.

Picture Credit: Kimberley Chapelle/University of Witwatersrand

4). Keresdrakon vilsoni – Toothless Pterosaur from an Ancient Desert Ecosystem

September and thirty days of blog posts covering stiff T. rex skulls and subsequently how the skull of T. rex may have helped it to keep cool, dinosaur model deliveries to hotels, the most complete dinosaur fossil from Japan (Kamuysaurus japonicus) and the Asian origins of Saurornitholestes, but our number four features a newly described species of pterosaur from Brazil.

Researchers, writing in the academic journal “Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências”, identified a new species of edentulous flying reptile that co-existed with the pterosaur Caiuajara and may have fed on its young.  Described as part of a non-tapejarid lineage of pterosaurs outside the Tapejaromorpha, Keresdrakon provides a new perspective on the paleoecology of a Cretaceous desert environment.

Keresdrakon Life Reconstruction It Feeds on the Carcase of a Contemporary Dinosaur (Vespersaurus) whilst a Second Keresdrakon is Mobbed by Juvenile Caiuajara

Keresdrakon life reconstruction.

Keresdrakon life reconstruction, feeding on the carcase of a Vespersaurus.

Picture Credit: Maurilio Oliveira

An honourable mention to Cryodraken boreas the first pterosaur to be described which is unique to Canada.

3). A Potential Terrestrial Tetrapod that May Not Have Gone onto Land

In October, Everything Dinosaur team members covered the amazing TetZooCon event in London, the naming of a new, basal carcharodontosaurian theropod from Thailand (Siamraptor suwati) and the reclassification of crocodiles in New Guinea.  A team of researchers, writing in “Nature” put forward an intriguing new hypothesis that some of the first vertebrates that were capable of terrestrial locomotion may have never left the water.  Parmastega aelidae was a sharp-eyed predator that may have ambushed invertebrates that ventured too close to the sea.

With eyes positioned towards the top of their heads, Parmastega was capable of observing life on land and potential prey without leaving the water.

Life in a Late Devonian Coastal Lagoon (Sosnogorsk, Russia)

Parmastega aelidae life reconstruction.

Sosnogorsk lagoon with Parmastega aelidae hunting behaviour.

Picture Credit: Mikhail Shekhanov for the Ukhta Local Museum

2).  Unusual Styracosaurus Skull Might Change the Way New Dinosaurs are Identified

The first fossil evidence of feathered polar dinosaurs, plans to map extra-terrestrial space objects in a bid to prevent Earth impact events, limited edition dinosaur models, a new predatory dinosaur from Brazil – Gnathovorax cabreirai, all featured in October.  A fossil ape from the Miocene of Germany, Poland’s first pliosaur, Rebor Komodo dragons, a new megaraptorid from “Down Under” and the discovery of a Styracosaurus skull that might just turn palaeontology on its head were also discussed.  “Hannah” an asymmetrical Styracosaurus skull named after the pet dog of palaeontologist Scott Persons has cranial imperfections that could alter the way that scientists identify new species of dinosaur.  Whoops, looks like there may have to be another revision of the Centrosaurinae.

Palaeontologist Scott Persons Poses with the Two “Hannahs” in His Life “Hannah” the pet dog and “Hannah” the Styracosaurus

Scott Persons with dog and "Hannah" the Styracosaurus.

Scott Persons with “Hannah” the Styracosaurus and his dog.

Picture Credit: Scott Persons/University of Alberta

1). Asfaltovenator vialidadi – A New Basal Allosauroid from Argentina

Our blog articles this month have covered such varied topics as galloping crocodilians, 7,000 Facebook “likes”, the announcement of new for 2020 Papo prehistoric animal figures, dinosaur teeth replacement, how to distinguish teenage tyrannosaurs and Mimodactylus libanensis, a new toothy pterosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Lebanon.

However, since we started this top ten countdown with a fossil discovery from North America and despite the focus on asymmetrical dinosaurs, we shall conclude with a dinosaur from the opposite end of the Americas.

Asfaltovenator vialidadi from the Cañadón Asfalto Formation (Chubut Province, Patagonia) roamed South America perhaps as early as 170 million years ago.  Its discovery is important, as most Middle Jurassic theropods are only known from quite fragmentary material and this dinosaur, described as a basal allosauroid, has traits linking it to both the allosauroids and the megalosauroids.  The fossils suggest that the Allosauroidea and the Megalosauroidea evolved from a common ancestor.

A Life Reconstruction of the Newly Described Asfaltovenator vialidadi 

Asfaltovenator illustration.

Asfaltovenator life reconstruction.  The theropod dinosaur shows a mix of anatomical characteristics linking the Allosauroidea and the Megalosauroidea.

Picture Credit: Gabriel Lio/Conicet

Team members at Everything Dinosaur look forward to posting up more blog articles that help to work out taxonomic relationships within the Dinosauria and improve our understanding of ancient life still further in the coming months.

27 12, 2019

Everything Dinosaur’s Top Ten Blog Posts 2019 (Part 1)

By | December 27th, 2019|Adobe CS5, Animal News Stories, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Photos/Pictures of Fossils|0 Comments

Everything Dinosaur’s Top Ten Blog Posts of 2019 (Part 1)

As this year draws to a close, it is time to reflect on all the work put into writing this web log by Everything Dinosaur team members.  It is also an opportunity to look back and reflect on some of the news stories and articles that we have published over the last twelve months.  Today, we start our look at the top ten articles that we have posted, the countdown from ten to number six.  This list has been compiled based on the total number of comments made, emails received requesting  further information, Facebook “likes” and comments, Pinterest shares and so forth.

So, without any further fuss, here is the first part of our top ten news stories for 2019.

10).  Prehistoric Shark Named After Video Game Character

In January, Everything Dinosaur covered a story about the naming of a new species of Late Cretaceous prehistoric shark.  Strange, unusually shaped shark’s teeth had been found preserved in some of the matrix associated with the famous “Sue” T. rex skeleton.  The tiny teeth reminded the research team of the shape of a spaceship from the 1980’s video game Galaga.  This was the inspiration behind the naming of this new species – Galagadon nordquistae.

Life Reconstruction of Galagadon nordquistae

Galagadon nordquistae life reconstruction.

A life reconstruction of the Late Cretaceous shark Galagadon nordquistae.

Picture Credit: Velizar Simeonovski (Field Museum)

9).  Bajadasaurus pronuspinax Rears its Head

Early February saw the announcement of the discovery of a new, bizarre dicraeosaurid from Neuquén Province, Argentina.  A single, cervical vertebra suggests that Bajadasaurus had a series of forward facing defensive spikes on its neck.  A sauropod that carried its own set of Victorian railings around with it.  Although, the fossil material is fragmentary, CollectA were quick of the mark and have created a stunning replica of this Early Cretaceous giant.  Everything Dinosaur expects to have the CollectA Bajadasaurus replica in stock early in 2020.

A Silhouette Showing a Reconstruction of the Neck Vertebrae of Bajadasaurus and the CollectA Bajadasaurus Dinosaur Model

CollectA Bajadasaurus model and an illustration of the strange cervical vertebrae.

The bizarre cervical vertebrae of Bajadasaurus.  In the silhouette illustration known fossil material is shown in white.

Picture Credit: Gallina et al published in Scientific Reports and Everything Dinosaur

8).  The Jurassic Mile

In March, a blog post was published recording the start of a huge collaboration between a number of European and American museums to explore and excavate an extraordinary, fossil-rich deposit located in the Badlands of Wyoming.  The site has been nicknamed the “Jurassic Mile” and these Morrison Formation deposits have already yielded a treasure trove of dinosaur bones, fossil plants and dinosaur trackways.

Everything Dinosaur will be providing more details of the fossil discoveries in blog articles over the coming twelve months, but the site is so vast that it could be decades before all the fossil material has been collected and studied.

Palaeontologist Phil Manning Sitting Next to a Diplodocid Femur from the “Jurassic Mile”

Professor Phil Manning and the diplodocid femur.

Professor Phil Manning (The University of Manchester) poses next to the diplodocid femur.

Picture Credit: Manchester University

7). New Kid on the Block – Homo luzonensis

The discovery of fragmentary fossil remains of a diminutive hominin on the island of Luzon in the Philippines gave the human family tree a jolt in 2019.  The fossil material, dated to around 67,000 years ago, provides the earliest direct evidence of human inhabitation of the Philippines archipelago, but is Homo luzonensis, with its arboreal adaptations the descendant of a primitive African hominin that somehow migrated to south-eastern Asia or a more advanced hominin, perhaps related to Homo erectus that evolved and changed as it adapted to life on a heavily forested tropical island?

Professor Philip Piper – A Co-author of the Scientific Paper Published in April Holding a Cast of a Toe Bone

A cast of the toe bone of Homo luzonensis.

Professor Piper (Australian National University) holding a cast of a toe bone assigned to H. luzonensis.

Picture Credit: Lannon Harley (Australian National University)

6). A Terrifying Trilobite (Redlichia rex)

In the summer, Everything Dinosaur published an article about the largest trilobite to have been discovered in Australia.  A likely predator of other trilobites, this was a thirty-centimetre-long Cambrian terror. It was appropriately named Redlichia rex and was nicknamed “the king of the trilobites”.  The fossil material comes from an exceptional Lagerstätte known as the Emu Bay Shale on Kangaroo Island, South Australia.  Around fifty different species of trilobite have been identified from this location.  Intriguingly, the predatory and potentially cannibalistic Redlichia rex may also have been hunted, preserved coprolite and the injuries recorded on the exoskeleton of specimens hint at a much larger predator lurking in the shallow sea that once covered this part of Australia.

A Fossil Specimen and the New for 2020 CollectA Redlichia rex Trilobite Model

Redlichia rex fossil and model.

A Redlichia rex trilobite fossil and the new for 2020 CollectA model.

Picture Credit: University of Adelaide/Everything Dinosaur

The naming of a new Cambrian predator inspired the model makers at CollectA to create a replica of Redlichia rex, we expect this figure to make its debut on the Everything Dinosaur website around the middle of next year.  Prior to that event in 2020, we must first complete our chronicle of the top blog posts of 2019, we will conclude this feature tomorrow.

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