All about dinosaurs, fossils and prehistoric animals by Everything Dinosaur team members.
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4 11, 2019

The First Pliosaur from Poland

By | November 4th, 2019|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Photos/Pictures of Fossils|0 Comments

Polish Giant Marine Reptile Found in Cornfield

A pair of Polish palaeontologists have published a scientific paper describing the discovery of a large, Late Jurassic pliosaur from a site located in a cornfield in the north-eastern part of the Holy Cross Mountains close to the village of Krzyżanowice in southern Poland.  This is the first pliosaur to have been found in Poland.  Scientists are puzzled with regards to the vertebrate fauna identified at the site, the pliosaur fossils are very similar to pliosaur remains associated with the Late Jurassic Boreal/Sub-Boreal localities of the Kimmeridge Clay in England and the Svalbard Archipelago in the Arctic.  However, the fossils of turtles and marine crocodiles found at this location have more in common with the fauna associated with ecosystems found much further to the south.

Teeth and a Partially Preserved Jaw of the Polish Pliosaur

Teeth and a partial jaw of the Polish pliosaur.

A photograph show a partial preserved jaw of the Polish pliosaur and fossil teeth.

Picture Credit: Polish Academy of Sciences

Fearsome Pliosaurs

The Pliosauridae are a family of marine reptiles within the clade Plesiosauria.  They are often referred to as the “short-necked plesiosaurs”, as unlike plesiosaurs, these reptiles evolved massive skulls on short, powerful necks.  Pliosaurs were geographically widespread throughout the Jurassic and Cretaceous with fossil discoveries having been made in Europe, including the UK, Australia, and the Americas.  It is believed they originated in the Early Jurassic and survived into the Late Cretaceous.

A Typical Pliosaur – Pliosaurus

CollectA Deluxe 1:40 scale Pliosaurus marine reptile diorama.

The CollectA Deluxe 1:40 scale Pliosaurus marine reptile model.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

A Ten-metre-long Giant

The fossilised remains, although fragmentary, suggest an animal around ten metres in length.  The presence of such a large, apex predator indicates that the ecosystem was particularly rich and diverse.  The pliosaur has yet to be scientifically described but it is very likely a new genus.  It swam in the warm, tropical sea in the central portion of the European archipelago, as during the Late Jurassic, sea levels were much higher and western Europe consisted of a series of large islands surrounded by a shallow sea.

Examining the Fossilised Bones and Teeth

Examining the pliosaur fossils.

Palaeontologist Dr Daniel Tyborowski (from the Museum of the Earth of the Polish Academy of Sciences) in Warsaw and co-author of the scientific paper examines the fossil remains.

Picture Credit: Polish Academy of Sciences

Identifying a Late Jurassic Faunal Boundary

The unusual mix of vertebrate fossils, some similar to animals that lived further north, whilst others resemble marine animals that lived in more southerly palaeolatitudes, has led the researchers to suggest that the fossils preserved in this part of Poland represent an ancient faunal boundary.  A faunal boundary is an area of demarcation between two ecosystems that are similar but contain different members.

The unique composition of the Krzyżanowice-site vertebrate fauna demonstrates that, during the Late Jurassic this new locality was located in the transitional palaeobiogeographic line referred to in the scientific paper as the “Matyja-Wierzbowski Line”.  The fossils represent the boundary between two ecosystems, an area where some faunal mixing between the two ecosystems occurred.

Identifying the “Matyja-Wierzbowski Line” in the Upper Jurassic Marine Deposits of Europe

Identifying the Identifying the “Matyja-Wierzbowski Line” - a faunal boundary.

Identifying the “Matyja-Wierzbowski Line”.  The black line plots the boundary between the two marine ecosystems.

Picture Credit: Polish Academy of Sciences with additional annotation by Everything Dinosaur

For a more in-depth explanation of faunal boundary, please refer to this article that discusses “The Wallace Line”, a faunal boundary in south-east Asia proposed by the English biologist Alfred Russel Wallace: New Species of Rat Discovered in Sulawesi.

The scientific paper: “New marine reptile fossils from the Late Jurassic of Poland with implications for vertebrate faunas palaeobiogeography” by Daniel Tyborowski and Błażej Błażejowski published in the Proceedings of the Geologist’s Association.

3 11, 2019

New Megaraptorid Dinosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of Australia

By | November 3rd, 2019|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Photos/Pictures of Fossils|0 Comments

Fossil Bones Unearthed in Victoria Resemble Australovenator

Scientists have announced the discovery of several isolated theropod dinosaur bones, including a vicious 20 centimetre long hand claw discovered on the Otway Coast of Victoria (Australia).  The fossil material is reminiscent of Australovenator wintonensis, a megaraptorid dinosaur known from the Winton Formation of Queensland.  The finding of these new meat-eating dinosaur fossils in Victoria suggests that the Megaraptoridae were both geographically and temporally widespread in Australia.

The Fossilised Hand Claw of a Megaraptorid Dinosaur

Dinosaur hand claw from Victoria.

Ungual phalanx ascribed to a megaraptorid dinosaur from Victoria (Australia).

Picture Credit: Stephen Poropat (Museums Victoria)

Fossils from the Eumeralla Formation

Writing in the academic “Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology”, the researchers, which included scientists from Museum Victoria, the Australian Age of Dinosaurs Natural History Museum and Swinburne University (Victoria), report the discovery of two teeth, two manual unguals, and a right astragalus that are almost identical to the corresponding elements in Australovenator.  The fossils come from the Eric the Red West (ETRW), site on Cape Otway, some fifty miles to the west of Port Phillip Bay.  The strata at this location is part of the Eumeralla Formation and dates from the lower Albian of the Early Cretaceous.  This suggests that the dinosaur that possessed that formidable hand claw roamed southern Australia around 107 million years ago.

In contrast, Australovenator wintonensis is known from the Winton Formation of Queensland (Cenomanian–lowermost Turonian faunal stages of the Cretaceous), as such, Australovenator roamed more than a thousand miles further north and lived at least ten million years later.

A Scale Drawing of Australovenator wintonensis

Drawing of Australovenator

Vicious dinosaur from “Down Under” – megaraptorid theropod dinosaurs from Australia including Australovenator wintonensis.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The new Victorian specimens were discovered between 2011 and 2017, by volunteers working on annual Dinosaur Dreaming team’s excavations.  These digs are held each February and are coordinated by husband and wife palaeontologists, Swinburne’s Professor Patricia Vickers-Rich and Dr Thomas Rich from Museums Victoria, who are both co-authors of this new scientific paper.

Implications for “Australian Spinosaurs”

In this newly published paper, the researchers also reappraise the single neck bone (cervical vertebra), found along this coast and described as a possible spinosaurid bone.  In the light of this very much older (than previously known from Australia), megaraptorid fossil material, the researchers conclude that the neck bone described in 2011 as potentially Australia’s first member of the Spinosauridae, also probably represents Megaraptoridae fossil material.

To read about this neck bone: Is this Fossil Evidence of Australia’s First Spinosaurid?

Hunting Ornithopods

The Otway Coast area of Victoria has revealed evidence of the presence of many different types of ornithopods.  For example, last year we reported on the naming of Diluvicursor pickeringi.  It can be speculated that megaraptorid dinosaurs may have specialised in hunting the many different kinds of fast-running, herbivorous dinosaur that shared the rift valley that was opening up between Antarctica and Australia.

Prey for Megaraptorid Dinosaurs?

Diluvicursor pickeringi illustrated.

A pair of Diluvicursor dinosaurs feeding next to a fast running river in the Antarctica/Australia rift valley 113 million years ago.

Picture Credit: P. Trusler

The new theropod fossils were found isolated rather than as part of a single skeleton.  This is because they were carried some distance from where the theropods died by ancient, deep, fast-flowing rivers.  These rivers snaked through the then-narrow rift valley (now called the Bass Strait), that opened up as the supercontinent Gondwana gradually broke apart and separated.

Lead author of the study Dr Stephen Poropat (Swinburne Museum), commented:

“The similarities between the Victorian megaraptorid remains and Australovenator are striking.  If we had found these theropod bones in Queensland, we would probably have called them Australovenator wintonensis.  But they’re from Victoria, which prompts the question: Could one dinosaur species exist for more than ten million years, across eastern Australia?  Maybe.”

The scientific paper: “New megaraptorid (Dinosauria: Theropoda) remains from the Lower Cretaceous Eumeralla Formation of Cape Otway, Victoria, Australia” by Stephen F. Poropat, Matt A. White, Patricia Vickers-Rich and Thomas H. Rich published in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology.

Everything Dinosaur acknowledges the assistance of a press release from Swinburne University in the compilation of this article.

2 11, 2019

A Quick Video Guide to the New CollectA Models (Part 1)

By | November 2nd, 2019|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Everything Dinosaur videos, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Product Reviews|0 Comments

New CollectA Models (Part 1) – Video Guide

Yesterday, Everything Dinosaur published details of the first of the new for 2020 prehistoric animal figures from CollectA.  We have been asked by dinosaur model fans and collectors to publish more information about this exciting quartet of replicas.  As our studio, is now up and running, we thought it would be sensible to create a short video review, showing pictures of the models and providing a little more detail about each replica – sort of like putting some flesh on the bones of the dinosaurs.

Everything Dinosaur Comments on the New for 2020 CollectA Models (Part 1)

Video Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The First Four Dinosaur Models from CollectA for 2020

In this short video review (duration 4 minutes 20 seconds), we discuss the four new figures in turn.  Starting with the 1:6 scale Protoceratops dinosaur model, with its articulated lower jaw.  We then move on and introduce the Deluxe Fukuisaurus model.  Fukuisaurus is known from Honshu Island (Japan) and is one of a number of Early Cretaceous vertebrates excavated from the famous Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry, in Fukui Prefecture, after which this ornithopod is named.  Fukuisaurus (pronounced Foo-kwee-sore-us), comes from the same bonebed – “Quarry bonebed I”, as the theropod Fukuiraptor, a model of which was introduced by CollectA in 2019.

Fans of Dinosaurs From Japan will Appreciate Fukuisaurus and Fukuiraptor

CollectA Fukuiraptor and CollectA Fukuisaurus dinosaur models.

Two models representing dinosaurs from the same bonebed at the famous Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry (Japan).

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Marvellous Microraptor

The third prehistoric animal to be discussed is the dromaeosaurid Microraptor.  This dinosaur model is likely to become a real collector’s piece.  It has such a dynamic pose and the narrator provides a little more detail about this 1:6 scale figure and gives the model’s measurements.

The New for 2020 CollectA Microraptor Dinosaur Model

CollectA Deluxe Microraptor - new for 2020

The CollectA Deluxe Microraptor model (1:6 scale).  Available from Everything Dinosaur in early 2020.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

To read Everything Dinosaur’s earlier post in which we introduced these figures, showed the official photographs and provided detailed model measurements: New CollectA Prehistoric Animal Models (Part 1).

A Baryonchid – Baryonyx walkeri

The fourth model to be discussed is the CollectA Prehistoric Life Baryonyx (B. walkeri) dinosaur model.  This is the only figure in the quartet not to be given a scale by CollectA.  It has been introduced to accompany the 1:40 Deluxe Baryonyx which was released by CollectA this year (2019).  In the short video review by Everything Dinosaur, the similarities between these two CollectA figures are highlighted.

The Redesigned Baryonyx Dinosaur Figures from CollectA (2019 and Early 2020 Release)

CollectA Baryonyx figures.

A comparison between the 2019 and the 2020 CollectA Baryonyx replicas.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

All four of these new figures will be available from Everything Dinosaur in early 2020.

To view the current range of CollectA models available from Everything Dinosaur: CollectA Prehistoric Life.

To view the Deluxe range of CollectA figures available: CollectA Deluxe.

Look out for further information about new CollectA models from Everything Dinosaur. We recommend that readers subscribe to Everything Dinosaur’s YouTube channel: Subscribe to Everything Dinosaur’s YouTube Channel.

1 11, 2019

New CollectA Models 2020 (Part 1)

By | November 1st, 2019|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Press Releases|4 Comments

New CollectA Models 2020 (Part 1)

It’s that time of year when our chums at CollectA release details of their new for 2020 prehistoric animal models.  A number of announcements are due to be made in the next few weeks, but today, we start the palaeontological ball rolling by introducing the first of the new for 2020 CollectA figures.

The first four models are:

  1. CollectA Deluxe Protoceratops 1:6 scale
  2. CollectA Deluxe Fukuisaurus 1:40 scale
  3. CollectA Deluxe Microraptor 1:6 scale
  4. CollectA Baryonyx (Prehistoric Life)

The New for 2020 CollectA Protoceratops Dinosaur Model

The new for 2020 CollectA Deluxe Protoceratops dinosaur model.

CollectA Deluxe Protoceratops dinosaur model 1:6 scale.  The model will also have an articulated jaw.

Picture Credit: CollectA

Over the years, CollectA have produced a wide range of horned dinosaur figures.  Everything Dinosaur team members had lobbied to have Protoceratops included, it is one of the most intensely studied of all the Dinosauria and dinosaur model fans will be able to pick up this figure in early 2020.  It should provide a suitable companion piece to the 1:6 scale CollectA Velociraptor model that was introduced back in 2011.

CollectA Deluxe Fukuisaurus (1:40 scale)

Coming to Everything Dinosaur in Early 2020 – CollectA 1:40 Scale Fukuisaurus

New for 2020 the CollectA Deluxe Fukuisaurus dinosaur model.

CollectA Deluxe Fukuisaurus (1:40 scale) dinosaur model.

Picture Credit: CollectA

Fukuisaurus (F. tetoriensis) was first described from partial skull material found at the famous Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry (Honshu Island, Japan).  The CollectA model draws on other known iguanodontids for inspiration, for very little fossil material has been ascribed to this genus.  Some academics describe this Early Cretaceous herbivore as having “nomen nudum” status, that is, it’s an animal for which no holotype fossil material has been designated.  This dinosaur model might be in the CollectA Deluxe portfolio, but don’t expect a figure the size of the bulky Iguanodon model released by CollectA in 2018.  Fukuisaurus is believed to have been a relatively small animal, perhaps measuring 4.5 metres long and weighing around 350-450 kilograms.

The size of Fukuisaurus is in truth, not known, but Iguanodon bernissartensis for example, was nearly twice as long and perhaps ten times heavier.

Designer Anthony Beeson commented:

“In response from our Japanese fans we produced this model to go with Fukuiraptor that we issued in 2019.  An Early Cretaceous herbivorous ornithopod dinosaur from Japan living some 129.4- 125 million years ago.”

CollectA Deluxe Microraptor (1:6 scale)

Available from Everything Dinosaur in Early 2020 – The CollectA Microraptor Dinosaur Model

CollectA Deluxe Microraptor - new for 2020

The CollectA Deluxe Microraptor model (1:6 scale).

Picture Credit: CollectA

The third new for 2020 CollectA figure is another Asian dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous, but this time, this dinosaur heralds from China, not Japan.  It is a model of the feathered dromaeosaurid Microraptor and it has certainly been depicted in a spectacular pose.  In email correspondence with model designer Anthony Beeson, Everything Dinosaur team members were fascinated to learn that magpie feathers had been despatched to China to help the model makers re-create the iridescence on the animal’s plumage.  We also learned that CollectA had been specifically requested by a museum in China to make this figure.  Museum staff have approved the CollectA model design.

CollectA Baryonyx (Prehistoric Life)

Making up the quartet of new figures, the first of the new for 2020 announcements from CollectA, is a splendid replica of Baryonyx.

New for 2020 The CollectA Prehistoric Life Baryonyx Dinosaur Model

CollectA Baryonyx - new for 2020

CollectA Baryonyx dinosaur model.  The new for 2020 Prehistoric Life CollectA Baryonyx will be mounted on a base just like the 2019 CollectA Deluxe Baryonyx model.

Picture Credit: CollectA

Collectors will probably recall that last year, a 1:40 scale CollectA Deluxe Baryonyx was introduced.  The 2020 “Prehistoric Life” version follows the same design and updates the original Baryonyx figure that was introduced by CollectA into this range more than ten years ago.  Note the rows of “crocodilian scutes” that can be seen on the side of the tail.  This figure looks beautifully crafted and we look forward to welcoming this Baryonyx and the other new models early next year.

Tale of the Tape

  • CollectA Deluxe Protoceratops – length 24 cm, with that bristle-tail standing some 11 cm high.
  • CollectA Deluxe Fukuisaurus – length 14 cm and standing around 5.5 cm high.
  • CollectA Deluxe Microraptor – length 20 cm, approximate wingspan 15.5 cm and the height of the model is estimated at 12.5 cm.
  • CollectA Prehistoric Life Baryonyx – length 19 cm, approximate height 7 cm.

To view the current range of CollectA models available from Everything Dinosaur: CollectA Prehistoric Life.

To view the Deluxe range of CollectA figures available: CollectA Deluxe.

We look forward to posting up more information and images of other new for 2020 prehistoric animal models from CollectA.

31 10, 2019

The Beautiful Artwork Associated with PNSO Models

By | October 31st, 2019|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Everything Dinosaur videos, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products|0 Comments

Fantastic Box Art (PNSO Age of Dinosaurs)

At Everything Dinosaur, we spend a lot of time focusing on prehistoric animal models.  It is what you would expect from a company that specialises in the mail order sale of museum quality dinosaur figures and such like.  However, we have been most impressed with the artwork associated with the PNSO Age of Dinosaurs model range.  We have been involved with PNSO for some years now and we have watched how this company has evolved, but the standards set by renowned palaeoartist Zhao Chuang and his colleagues continue to be emphasised by the addition of some splendid examples of box art.

Take for example, the clean lines associated with the carton that contains the new for 2019 PNSO Dakosaurus model “Paulwin”.  Rather than describe the box we thought it best to create a short twenty second video showcasing how this particular prehistoric animal model is presented.

Highlighting the Beautiful Presentation of the PNSO Dakosaurus Marine Crocodile Model “Paulwin”

Video Credit: Everything Dinosaur

“Paulwin” the Dakosaurus

Models of prehistoric crocodiles are quite rare.   We know that this replica of “Biter lizard” has been very well received by collectors.  The box that the model comes in is very classy too.

The Box Containing the PNSO Marine Crocodile Model “Paulwin” the Dakosaurus

PNSO Dakosaurus box art.

An image showing the classy box art for the PNSO “Paulwin” the Dakosaurus model.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The clean lines, the carefully printed and positioned text and the large picture of the actual model make the packaging of this PNSO figure really stand out.  Our congratulations to the design team at PNSO for taking such care and consideration.

The Dakosaurus is just one of new additions to the range of PNSO models and figures that Everything Dinosaur stocks.  More figures will be announced in the near future.  Fans of dinosaurs and PNSO models in particular can expect to hear news on this blog site soon.

The PNSO Dakosaurus Marine Crocodile Model -“Paulwin”

Marine crocodile model Dakosaurus.

A close-up view of the head of the PNSO marine crocodile model Dakosaurus.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

For dinosaur model collectors and fans of prehistoric animals, you do not have to wait until next year to see the most recent model releases, they are all in stock at Everything Dinosaur.

To see the range of PNSO dinosaurs and prehistoric animal models available at Everything Dinosaur: PNSO Age of Dinosaurs Models and Figures.

30 10, 2019

Preparing for Atlasaurus

By | October 30th, 2019|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products|0 Comments

Preparing for Atlasaurus

Team members at Everything Dinosaur are busy with the preparations for the arrival of the latest model in the Eofauna range, the Atlasaurus dinosaur replica.  Stocks of this sauropod figure are due to arrive in a couple of weeks or so and staff have been finishing the fact sheet that will be sent out to accompany sales of this new figure from those talented people at Eofauna Scientific Research.

Due in at Everything Dinosaur Very Shortly – Eofauna Atlasaurus Dinosaur Model

The Eofauna Scientific Research Atlasaurus dinosaur model.

Atlasaurus (Eofauna Scientific Research).  This is the second dinosaur figure that Eofauna have produced and the fifth prehistoric animal figure in this range in total.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Elephants Three Dinosaurs Two

The Atlasaurus model (A. imelakei), measures around thirty centimetres in length and that impressive head stands nearly twenty-three centimetres high.  The genus name honours the Atlas Mountains of Morocco, whilst the species name is from the Arabic for giant.   At an estimated fifteen metres in length, Atlasaurus was certainly a sizable resident of the Middle Jurassic!

To date, Eofauna have produced five prehistoric animal figures in this series, three prehistoric elephants and two lizard-hipped dinosaurs.  The elephant figures are (in the order in which they were released), – Steppe Mammoth, Straight-tusked elephant and the recently introduced Deinotherium (Mammuthus trogontherii, Palaeoloxodon antiquus and Deinotherium spp.).  For our part, we have referred the Eofauna Deinotherium replica to D. giganteum.

The Five Models in the Eofauna Scientific Research Model Range

Five Eofauna Scientific Research prehistoric animal models.

The five Eofauna Scientific Research prehistoric animal models.  From left to right – Palaeoloxodon, Mammuthus trogontherii, Atlasaurus imelakei, Deinotherium and Giganotosaurus.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

New this Month at Everything Dinosaur – Eofauna Deinotherium

Eofauna Deinotherium model.

The Eofauna Scientific Research Deinotherium replica.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

To purchase the range of Eofauna figures and models at Everything Dinosaur: Eofauna Scientific Research Models.

Expected in November – Estimated 20th November

A reserve list has been open for the Eofauna Atlasaurus for some time.  Everything Dinosaur customers on this list can rest assured that they will be contacted when this exciting new figure arrives.  As to when this dinosaur might be in stock, a spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“It is difficult to pinpoint a delivery date to our warehouse, there are lots of exogenous factors outside our control that can hinder a swift delivery.  However, we are expecting the figures to arrive around week three of November, perhaps around the 20th November.  Of course, the Atlasaurus models could arrive a little sooner, or they may take a couple of days longer.”

The Scale Drawing of Atlasaurus (A. imelakei) Prepared for the Everything Dinosaur Fact Sheet

Atlasaurus scale drawing.

A scale drawing of the bizarre north African sauropod Atlasaurus.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

26 10, 2019

Prehistoric Times Reviewed (Issue 131)

By | October 26th, 2019|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Magazine Reviews, Main Page|0 Comments

Prehistoric Times Reviewed (Issue 131)

The latest edition of “Prehistoric Times” magazine has arrived at the offices of Everything Dinosaur and team members have been perusing the extensive articles and features as well as admiring all the reader submitted artwork.  The front cover of this issue (131 – autumn 2019), features an illustration by the American artist Ray Troll.  The Alaskan-based illustrator has produced a number of illustrations for the magazine over the years.

The front cover depicts a member of the Desmostylia, an extinct group of placental mammals, that adapted to an aquatic existence.  This is in keeping with one of the featured prehistoric animals in the magazine – ancient hippos, although the Hippopotamidae are not closely related to the Desmostylia, which are in fact distantly related to the Order Sirenia (Sea Cows, Manatees and Dugongs).

The Front Cover of Issue 131 – “Prehistoric Times” Magazine

Prehistoric Times magazine (issue 131).

Prehistoric Times Issue 131 (autumn 2019).

Picture Credit: Prehistoric Times/Everything Dinosaur

Burian’s Pterosaurs

John Lavas continues his long-running series providing an in-depth assessment of the palaeoart of the influential Zdeněk Burian.  In part 13, he discusses how Burian depicted pterosaurs and the accompanying notes provide an insightful commentary.  Tracy Lee Ford outlines how views regarding the skull morphology of diplodocids and other sauropods has changed.  He looks at how the narial opening on the skull has been interpreted and examines the hypothesis that these dinosaurs had trunks.  This topic will be revisited in the next issue of “Prehistoric Times” along with a reconstruction of how the head was positioned in relation to the cervical vertebrae.  Look out for some fascinating insight into diplodocid occipital condyles!

Issue 131 also includes a short-story of a person changing into a salamander, new prehistoric animal models, book reviews (including “Dinosaur Facts and Figures – The Theropods” by our chums  Rubén Molina-Pérez and Asier Larramendi) and an update on dinosaur fossil discoveries.

To read Everything Dinosaur’s review of this book (the version published by the London Natural History Museum): The Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs – The Theropods

The Front Cover of “The Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs – The Theropods”

Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs The Theropods"

The “Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs The Theropods” (front cover).  The American edition is reviewed in the magazine.

T. rex Stamps and Julius Csotonyi

Recently, the United States Postal Service introduced a set of colourful stamps highlighting the iconic Tyrannosaurus rex.  The artwork for these four stamps was created by renowned artist Julius Csotonyi and issue 131 features an interview with Julius outlining how he got the commission, what other stamp projects he has been involved in and what inspired the four images that show T. rex at various growth stages.

Appropriately, the envelope that contained the magazine had all four of the T. rex stamps on it.

Four Stamps Depicting Tyrannosaurus rex Thanks to the U. S. Postal Service

Dinosaur stamps on an envelope.

Dinosaur stamps on the envelope that contained “Prehistoric Times” magazine.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Reader Submitted Artwork and Deinocheirus – A “Cretaceous Grizzly”

Look out for some amazing reader submitted artwork including illustrations by JA Chirinos, Luis Rey, Fabio Pastori and the skeletal reconstruction of Deinocheirus by John Sibbick.  A detailed review of “terrible hand” – Deinocheirus mirificus, is provided by Phil Hore, who describes this bizarre theropod as a “Cretaceous Grizzly”.

An Illustration of Deinocheirus

Deinocheirus mirificus scale drawing.

A scale drawing of Deinocheirus.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

This magazine is certainly jam-packed with interesting articles, dinosaur fossil discoveries, research news and views and lots of well-written features.

To subscribe to “Prehistoric Times” magazine – visit their website: Visit “Prehistoric Times” Magazine

25 10, 2019

Reception Classes Create Prehistoric Landscapes

By | October 25th, 2019|Adobe CS5, Educational Activities, Main Page, Teaching|0 Comments

Reception Classes Create Prehistoric Landscapes

The three classes of Reception-aged children at Broughton Primary in Flintshire have been busy learning all about dinosaurs and fossils this term.  With the half-term break approaching, a team member from Everything Dinosaur was invited into the school to deliver three dinosaur workshops, one for each class, to help reinforce their learning as the topic came to a conclusion.  During the visit, our dinosaur and fossil expert was given a tour of a couple of the spacious and tidy classrooms and shown the prehistoric landscapes that the children had created.

Class 1 (Dosbarth 1) – Prehistoric Landscape

Reception class children build their own "prehistoric park".

A very colourful prehistoric landscape created by a Reception class.

Picture Credit: Broughton Primary (Flintshire)

What do Dinosaurs Need to Keep them Healthy and Happy?

As part of an enriched and varied scheme of work, the Reception classes have been learning about animals and what they need to help keep them safe, healthy and happy.  The children have incorporated some of this learning into their prehistoric landscapes that they have been building.  For example, class 1 ensured that there were plenty of plants for the herbivores to graze upon and lots of rocks for the dinosaurs to hide amongst to keep them safe from Tyrannosaurus rex.

As part of the extension activities for the classes following our workshops, we supplied extra resources for the teaching team.  Each class was given their very own hard hat to wear when they went out looking for fossils.  Dinosaurs as a term topic certainly lends itself to lots of creative play and exploration.

A Prehistoric Landscape Created by a Reception Class – Can you See the Three Fossil Hunting Hard Hats?

Class One build a dinosaur landscape.

The prehistoric scene created by a Reception class (Dosbarth 1).  The three fossil hard hats donated by Everything Dinosaur can be seen in the background.  These hard hats have a lamp on the front to help the children search for fossils.

Picture Credit: Broughton Primary (Flintshire)

The enterprising teaching team had used a variety of materials to help create the mini “Jurassic Parks”, these items will help the children to explore and learn about the properties of different materials.  Class 3 had even included a large, cardboard and cloth cave for their dinosaur models to hide in.

The Prehistoric Landscape Created by Class 3 (Dosbarth 3)

Class 3 build their own prehistoric landscape.

The prehistoric landscape created by class 3.  A very colourful landscape for the dinosaur models to play in.

Picture Credit: Broughton Primary (Flintshire)

Cretaceous Conifers

The children in class 3 had created a large cardboard and crepe paper forest for the plant-eating dinosaurs to browse.  The forest would provide lots of handy nesting places for the dinosaurs too.

Cretaceous Conifers – A Prehistoric Forest for Dinosaurs to Explore

A forest fit for dinosaurs.

Cardboard and crepe paper trees for the dinosaurs to hide amongst.

Picture Credit: Broughton Primary (Flintshire)

For further information about Everything Dinosaur’s teaching work in schools and to enquire about a school visit: Contact Everything Dinosaur/Request a Quotation.

23 10, 2019

Illustrating the Famous Morrison Formation

By | October 23rd, 2019|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal Drawings, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page|0 Comments

Illustrating the Famous Morrison Formation Fauna and Flora

We tend to get sent a lot of drawings and illustrations depicting prehistoric life.  Everything Dinosaur team members view all the images that we receive and where appropriate and if requested, we respond via email with comments.  Recently, we received a drawing depicting a scene relating to the palaeofauna and palaeoflora associated with the famous Morrison Formation of western North America.  Our thanks to M. Elliot Massion (Mark), for sending this illustration to us.

The scene is shown from an aerial view perspective, the viewer is looking down onto the drawing, as if the events depicted were being observed by a pterosaur flying past.

A “Bird’s-eye” View of Prehistoric Fauna and Flora (Upper Jurassic)

Life in the Late Jurassic.

An aerial view of life in the Late Jurassic (Morrison Formation).

Picture Credit: M. Elliot Massion

The illustrator commented:

“A ‘bird’s-eye’ view of the Morrison during the Jurassic.  An Allosaurus fragilis has found a Camptosaur carcase, while a Harpactognathus [rhamphorhynchid pterosaur] is drawn to the drama by the smell of blood.”

Mark went onto explain that Allosaurus was an apex predator of western North America in the Late Jurassic, but, it was certainly not above scavenging a carcase, after all, very few predators around today would let the opportunity to have a free lunch slip by.  Allosaurus did not have the powerful bite force, and mega teeth of a T, rex; however, adaptations to its jaws, skull, and neck muscle attachments, allowed it to hunt huge sauropods.  Its teeth and claws created massive wounds that eventually caused prey to die of shock and blood loss.

For further details about the potential hunting prowess of allosaurids, Mark recommends Robert T. Bakker’s “Brontosaur Killers: Late Jurassic Allosaurids as sabre-tooth cat analogues” in Gaia, issue 15, December 1998.

Our thanks to Mark for sending in the illustration and accompanying notes.

22 10, 2019

CollectA Deluxe 1:40 Scale Baryonyx

By | October 22nd, 2019|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products|0 Comments

CollectA Deluxe 1:40 Scale Baryonyx

It might be chilly outside, but it is always a pleasure to remember the sunny days of summer.  During one of the warmer spells, we took the newly arrived CollectA 1:40 scale Baryonyx model outside and took some pictures of this theropod dinosaur.

The CollectA Deluxe 1:40 Scale Baryonyx Dinosaur Model

CollectA Baryonyx dinosaur model.

The CollectA Deluxe 1:40 scale Baryonyx dinosaur model, photographed outside.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

A number of CollectA Deluxe dinosaur and prehistoric animal figures include a human model for scale so that collectors can see just how big a long extinct creature actually was.  Of course, a fossil discovery could lead to a revision of an animal’s size, but these human figures do provide an approximate guide as to scale.  The human model included in the CollectA Deluxe replicas series is a figure of an explorer.  This explorer is called Sir Arthur Challenger after the character in the novel written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle “The Lost World” – Professor Challenger.

A Close-up View of the Anterior Portion of the CollectA Deluxe 1:40 scale Baryonyx Dinosaur Figure

CollectA Deluxe Baryonyx dinosaur model.

The CollectA Deluxe 1:40 scale dinosaur model has an articulated lower jaw.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The CollectA Deluxe 1:40 scale dinosaur model has an articulated lower jaw.  It is beautifully painted and the details of the model reflect the known fossil material.

Writing in this blog, provides team members at Everything Dinosaur the opportunity to post up pictures of the new for 2019 CollectA Deluxe 1:40 scale Baryonyx dinosaur model.

To view the range of 1:20 and 1:40 scale prehistoric animal models available from Everything Dinosaur in the CollectA range: CollectA Deluxe Prehistoric Life Models

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