Everything Dinosaur customer and prehistoric animal fan Luke du Toit combines his skills as an artist and graphic designer to create stunning dinosaur themed artworks. Take for example, this very colourful Dilophosaurus illustration shown below.
Mesozoic Art was started by Luke back in 2016, he has been selling his unique creations to fans of prehistoric animals and palaeoart all over the world from his company’s website.
Commenting on why dinosaurs have inspired him so much, Luke explained:
“I have a deep love and obsession for dinosaurs and have been drawing them since I was 5 years old. Their variety of different shapes, sizes and colours really tap into my imagination. The fact that dinosaurs existed and are now not readily available for us to access make them almost mythical in nature. For me, they are a great source of creative expression. “
Inspired by the “Jurassic Park” Movie Franchise
Based in Pretoria, South Africa, Luke uses a variety of reference sources to inspire his illustrations. In particular, he is a big fan of the “Jurassic Park” movie franchise and a number of the iconic dinosaurs from that famous film franchise feature in his artwork.
Each detailed illustration is meticulously drawn, then scanned and turned into an electronic file before being digitally redrawn and then coloured.
“My artwork looks equally beautiful in a child’s bedroom, a study as well as an art piece in a living room or even a “Man Cave” setting,” commented the talented artist.
Take a look at the Mesozoic Art website to see the full portfolio of artwork and illustrations of the artist: Mesozoic Art.
Everything Dinosaur’s next YouTube video will feature the second batch of new CollectA prehistoric animal models for 2022 that have been recently announced. The video will provide more details on the bizarre Palaeozoic nautiloid Cooperoceras and the super-sized Late Triassic predator Smok wawelski (pronounced Smock var-vel-ski).
The second set of prehistoric animal models are due to be in stock at Everything Dinosaur early 2022, however, a spokesperson for the UK-based mail order company confirmed that there was no date yet as to when these figures might be available. However, a promise was made to keep dinosaur fans and model collectors informed of progress with regular updates and posts on the company’s social media pages.
Everything Dinosaur on YouTube
A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur also stated that their next CollectA video should be up on the company’s YouTube channel in a few days.
The Everything Dinosaur YouTube channel has thousands of subscribers. It contains model reviews, prehistoric animal and dinosaur news stories, fossil discoveries as well as features on product development and model collecting advice and tips.
We recommend that you subscribe to Everything Dinosaur on YouTube.
Today, team members at Everything Dinosaur announce the second set of new for 2022 CollectA prehistoric animal models. Although, due to all the various issues caused by the global pandemic, CollectA, like most manufacturers will introduce fewer figures than usual next year, they are certainly setting extremely high standards.
The two new for 2022 figures we announce today are:
CollectA Deluxe Smok wawelski with an articulated jaw (1:20 scale)
CollectA Prehistoric Life Cooperoceras
Scheduled for delivery in early 2022, Everything Dinosaur will keep model collectors informed about shipments.
Smok wawelski – A Polish Dragon!
CollectA will be adding a replica of the Late Triassic predator Smok wawelski to their model range next year. Fans of the CollectA range will know that in 2020, a 1:20 scale replica of the giant, Polish dicynodont Lisowicia bojani was introduced. Fossil remains of a large carnivore were also found at the same site. The bonebed in southern Poland close to the village of Lisowice, also revealed the presence of a five-metre plus archosaurian meat-eater. Named and described in 2011, Smok wawelski is the largest terrestrial predator known from the Late Triassic of central Europe.
A Taxonomic Puzzle
When first studied, it was thought that the fossilised remains represented a theropod dinosaur. The braincase had several anatomical traits reminiscent to those seen in the skulls of allosaurids. Subsequent fossil discoveries have thrown doubts on whether Smok is a dinosaur. It may not belong to the dinosaur/bird lineage of the Archosauria at all, Smok could be a member of the Rauisuchidae, or perhaps a prestosuchid from the crocodile branch of the Archosauria. Designer Anthony Beeson has opted to depict this powerful predator as a quadruped, a member of the crocodile lineage of archosaurs. The 1:20 scale model has an articulated jaw.
The second new for 2022 CollectA figure we announce today, is a beautiful model of the bizarre nautiloid Cooperoceras. A spiky cephalopod distantly related to the living nautilus. CollectA have made several replicas of iconic Palaeozoic invertebrates in recent years. For example, in 2020 the company added a model of a nautilus to their model range (N. pompilius). The introduction of Cooperoceras adds to the list of important zonal fossil models made by CollectA. These replicas represent Palaeozoic and Mesozoic invertebrates, fossils of which assist with the dating of strata (biostratigraphy).
Cooperoceras was an early nautiloid with a shell measuring 4 inches (101.6 mm) long and 3 inches (76 mm) high.
The genus and type species C. texanum was erected by the American geologist Arthur K. Miller in 1945 following an extensive period of fossil collecting in the Glass Mountains and the Sierra Diablo of western Texas undertaken by several scientists in a bid to better understand the diversity of Permian-aged nautiloids which were very poorly known in comparison to the contemporary ammonites.
Originally thought to have been confined to the Permian, in 1977, a new species of Cooperoceras was named and described (C. milleri) from much older deposits (Shumway Limestone Formation of the Mattoon Formation, Illinois). This discovery suggests that these types of nautiloids were present in the Late Carboniferous.
Explaining how Cooperoceras (Cooper’s horn) came to be added to the CollectA portfolio, designer Anthony Beeson stated:
“It had an amazing and tactile open coiled shell with flattened sides and sporting recurvant hollow spines on its outer edge which was the reason that I wanted to do a model of it. I think it may be popular with children. It lived in the shallow seas over what is now Texas and Illinois, and the Urals in Europe.”
CollectA Deluxe 1:20 scale Smok wawelski with an articulated jaw length 27 cm, height 8.5 cm.
CollectA Cooperoceras nautiloid model length 11 cm, height of shell 8.3 cm.
These figures are scheduled to be in stock at Everything Dinosaur in the early part of 2022. Due to the current difficulties with logistics and global shipping, we are not able to give a precise date as to when these figures will be available. Team members will do all they can to update customers with regards to availability.
Hot on the heels of the announcement of two new spinosaurids* from the Isle of Wight, a scientific paper has been published today (11th November 2021), that announces the discovery of a new genus of iguanodontid from the same stretch of coastline on the island.
The dinosaur has been named Brighstoneus simmondsi and it suggests that there are probably several different iguanodontids still awaiting discovery in the Wealden Group strata. The genus Iguanodon had been regarded as a taxonomic waste basket, extensive revision has taken place and several new genera have been erected, but in general terms, Wealden Group iguanodontian fossil material was classed into the gracile, lightly built Mantellisaurus (M. atherfieldensis) and more robust fossil bones usually classified as Iguanodon (I. bernissartensis), although other genera such as Barilium dawsoni and Hypselospinus fittoni are also known from southern England.
Analysis of fossils originally found near the village of Brighstone on the Isle of Wight in 1978 have proved sufficiently different from other iguanodontid fossil material to warrant the establishment of a new genus.
A Collaboration between the London Natural History Museum and the University of Portsmouth
Writing in the academic publication the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, researchers from the London Natural History Museum in collaboration with the University of Portsmouth describe this new species of ornithopod and highlight the unique anatomical traits that merited the erection of a new dinosaur genus. An assessment of the dentition, including a count of the teeth present in the jaws indicated that these fossils represented something new. Careful analysis of the nasal bone by Dr Jeremy Lockwood (University of Portsmouth) and one of the authors of the scientific paper, revealed that Brighstoneus probably had a prominent, bulbous snout.
Explaining why the fossils represent a new dinosaur species, Dr Jeremy Lockwood stated:
“For me, the number of teeth was a sign. Mantellisaurus [M. atherfieldensis] has 23 or 24, but this has 28. It also had a bulbous nose, whereas the other species have very straight noses. Altogether, these and other small differences made it very obviously a new species.”
Honouring Brighstone Village and the Finder of the Fossils
Estimated to have measured around 8 metres in length and weighing around 900 kilograms, Brighstoneus simmondsi can be regarded as a mid-sized iguanodontid. The genus name honours the village of Brighstone, close to where the fossils were found and the species name is in tribute to Mr Keith Simmonds who found the fossils back in 1978.
The discovery of this new species following a reassessment of previously described fossil material suggests that there were far more iguanodontian dinosaurs in the Early Cretaceous of the UK than previously thought, and that simply assigning specimens from this period to either Iguanodon or Mantellisaurus is over simplified.
Dr Lockwood added:
“We’re looking at six, maybe seven million years of deposits, and I think the genus lengths have been overestimated in the past. If that’s the case on the island, we could be seeing many more new species. It seems so unlikely to just have two animals being exactly the same for millions of years without change.”
Co-author of the paper, Dr Susannah Maidment (London Natural History Museum), stated:
“The describing of this new species shows that there is clearly a greater diversity of iguanodontian dinosaurs in the Early Cretaceous of the UK than previously realised. It’s also showing that the century-old paradigm that gracile iguanodontian bones found on the island belong to Mantellisaurus and large elements belong to Iguanodon can no longer be substantiated.”
Fossil Bones Showing Unusual Pathology
A dorsal bone, which Everything Dinosaur team members believe was previously ascribed to Mantellisaurus but now assigned to this new genus shows some unusual pathology. The top of the neural spine is deformed and twisted over. It is not known how this trauma occurred but analysis of the bone surrounding the injury suggests that this dinosaur lived for some time after this injury took place.
Highlighting the significance of the Isle of Wight in terms of vertebrate palaeontology, Dr Lockwood commented that there were probably many more dinosaur discoveries going to be made in southern England.
The scientific paper: “A new hadrosauriform dinosaur from the Wessex Formation, Wealden Group (Early Cretaceous), of the Isle of Wight, Southern England” is published in the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology.
The next prehistoric animal model to be added to the Eofauna Scientific Research range is a fabulous model of the ancient elephant Konobelodon atticus, the figure is in 1:35 scale and is Eofauna’s first “shovel-tusker” model.
The figure is scheduled to be in stock at Everything Dinosaur early in 2022 (estimated arrival time at the UK warehouse – February 2022).
Konobelodon was an enormous amebelodontid, one of the very last of its kind. Several species have been described since the first fossils associated with this genus were studied in the mid-19th century. It is characterised by its pair of huge, flattened tusks in its lower jaw and its extremely long pair of straight tusks in its upper jaw. The model represents Konobelodon atticus, fossils of which were first discovered in Greece (Late Miocene deposits).
Konobelodon atticus was originally named Mastodon atticus by the German palaeontologist and zoologist Johann Andreas Wagner in 1857. The extensive, Miocene-aged deposits at Pikermi on the Attica peninsular of Greece, were discovered by Bavarian soldiers, part of the army of the Bavarian prince Otto, who ruled Greece for thirty years from 1832 until he was deposed in 1862. Fossils of large mammals were exposed on the surface and this attracted German field teams from various institutions and universities to excavate and study the fossil material. More than 40 mammal species were named following these excavations. A large, left maxilla (upper jawbone), that was described by Wagner led to the erection of the species Mastodon atticus, in the mistaken belief that this prehistoric elephant was closely related to other European elephant fossils that had been studied by the influential French anatomist Georges Cuvier, who first used the term “Mastodon” to describe fossil elephants in 1806.
Wagner, who was a professor at the University of Munich, published a series of comprehensive treatises on the Pikermi field work on behalf of the University and in 1857 he erected the species Mastodon atticus, in the publication Neue Beiträge zur Kenntniss der fossilen Säugthier-Überreste von Pikermi (New Contributions to the Knowledge of the Fossil Mammalian Remains of Pikermi).
A Revision of Prehistoric Elephant Taxonomy
Thought to be closely related to the taxon Amebelodon, a second species was named in 1990 based on fossils found in Florida. It was considered to be a sub-genus of Amebelodon (Konobelodon britti). Phylogenetic analysis failed to resolve the taxonomic position of Konobelodon fossil material within the Amebelodon genus and a re-assessment of the phylogeny was undertaken in 2014, resulting in the establishment of Konobelodon as a distinct genus. Notable differences in the European K. atticus and the American K. britti resulted in both being declared separate, but related species. A third species of Konobelodon (K. robustus), was named and scientifically described in 2016, based on fossils found in north-western China (Linxia Basin).
Eofauna Konobelodon atticus
A waitlist has been set up on the Everything Dinosaur website (it can be accessed by clicking the second link below), if the waitlist button is not visible, log into your Everything Dinosaur account or create an account to access the waitlist option.
Triceratops might be one of the most recognisable of all the dinosaur genera, but we still have a lot to learn about this Late Cretaceous ornithischian and perennial favourite amongst dinosaur fans. It might be a famous resident of the Hell Creek Formation, but Triceratops remains have also been reported from other North American geological formations too, all of which date from the very last faunal stage of the Cretaceous – the Maastrichtian.
Where Have Triceratops Fossils Been Reported From?
Team members at Everything Dinosaur have tried to compile a list of the geological formations, other than the famous Hell Creek Formation, from which Triceratops fossil material has been excavated.
Scientifically described and named back in 1889 (T. horridus – Marsh), several species have been assigned to the Triceratops genus over the years, many of which were based on highly fragmentary and poorly preserved fossil remains. Today, only two species are formally recognised, Triceratops horridus and the geologically younger Triceratops prorsus.
Intriguingly, fossils from the Hell Creek Formation suggest that there are probably other species of Triceratops awaiting formal recognition. Triceratops horridus is known from the lower portion of the Hell Creek Formation and T. prorsus from the upper portion, there is a distinct, transitional, intermediate form of Triceratops reported form the middle portion of this geological formation. The fossils associated with these strata probably represent an as yet, unnamed and undescribed new species of “three-horned face”.
To read Everything Dinosaur’s blog post from 2018, that examines the ceratopsian family tree and looks at the taxonomic relationship between the Triceratops genus and other Late Cretaceous horned dinosaurs: A Horned Dinosaur Family Tree.
Everything Dinosaur in collaboration with their chums at CollectA announced recently the first of the new for 2022 CollectA prehistoric animal figures. The models, a deluxe Paraceratherium, an updated, 1:40 scale deluxe Spinosaurus (S. aegyptiacus) and a stunning deluxe replica of the pterosaur Pteranodon sternbergi have created a great deal of excitement amongst model collectors and dinosaur fans.
More new model announcements will be made in the coming weeks, however, as with all new figures there have been lots of comments and questions raised. In a bid to help our customers and fellow model collectors, team members at Everything Dinosaur will be creating a special YouTube video that explains the science behind the new models and provides more information about the production process.
Pteranodon sternbergi or Geosternbergia sternbergi?
The CollectA deluxe pterosaur has been named as Pteranodon sternbergi. Knowledgeable collectors are aware that the validity of this scientific name has been challenged. In the Everything Dinosaur YouTube video, we will explain some of the issues surrounding the taxonomy of this famous pterosaur genus.
In addition, the video will provide more information on the science behind the updated version of a swimming Spinosaurus, a figure that has a broad, newt-like tail. The new for 2022 Deluxe Paraceratherium replaces an earlier CollectA figure, one that was retired in 2019. The video narrator will explain how the new for 2022 model differs from the original and looks at some of the scientific evidence that suggests Paraceratherium had a small trunk, similar to that of an extant tapir, to which this giant herbivore was distantly related.
A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur stated that the video should be up on the company’s YouTube channel in a few days.
The Everything Dinosaur YouTube channel has thousands of subscribers. It contains model reviews, prehistoric animal news stories as well as features on product development and model collecting advice and tips.
We recommend that you subscribe to Everything Dinosaur on YouTube.
The Titus T. rex is King exhibition at Wollaton Hall (Nottinghamshire) has been wowing visitors since it opened in early July (2021). After all, this is the first time in more than a century that the fossilised bones of a Tyrannosaurus rex have been exhibited in England.
Team members at Everything Dinosaur were lucky enough to visit Titus during the summer and it is a most spectacular dinosaur with the festive season approaching, why not gift your friends and family an unforgettable experience – the chance to get up close and personal to the “King of the Tyrant Lizards”.
To ensure delivery in time for Christmas, the last chance to purchase the vouchers will be 12th December.
Tyrannosaurus rex is a theropod dinosaur, birds evolved from small theropod dinosaurs, so technically, if you tuck into turkey or gobble up a goose over the festive season you are actually eating a dinosaur!
Take time out over the holiday season to meet a relative of your Christmas dinner that could have happily eaten you for lunch!
Titus T. rex is King” Exhibition
The “Titus T. rex is King” exhibition covers 4,000 square feet, exploring the legend of the Tyrannosaurus rex and also sets out to dispel some myths about this immense predator – one of the largest carnivorous dinosaurs to have existed.
Tickets for this exhibition are on sale now, set at £12 for an adult, £8 for a child (under 16 years), students and concessions, £32 for a family ticket (two adults and two children under 16 years) and under 3s and carers have no entry fees to pay. Excludes booking fee.
Today, we introduce the first batch of new for 2022 CollectA prehistoric animals. The last eighteen months or so have been extremely challenging, it is great to be able to introduce to you the first of the new for 2022 prehistoric animal figures and replicas from this highly respected manufacturer.
CollectA Deluxe Pteranodon sternbergi with an articulated jaw (1:20 scale).
CollectA Deluxe Spinosaurus swimming with an articulated jaw (1:40 scale).
CollectA Deluxe Paraceratherium.
Scheduled for delivery in early 2022, Everything Dinosaur will keep model collectors informed about shipments.
CollectA Deluxe Pteranodon sternbergi in 1:20 Scale
The stunning CollectA Deluxe P. sternbergi figure is a replica of a pterosaur that was formally described in 1966, following the discovery of fragmentary fossil material in 1952. The broad crest suggests that this figure represents a male. The Pteranodon genus has been subject to much revision over recent years. Although, Pteranodon sternbergi fossils tend to be associated with older strata than Pteranodon longiceps material, their taxonomic relationship remains controversial. Some palaeontologists have proposed that P. sternbergi is sufficiently different from P. longiceps to warrant it being placed in it own genus – Geosternbergia. Whatever the phylogeny, this new for 2022 pterosaur figure with its articulated jaw is a welcome addition to the CollectA Deluxe range.
CollectA Deluxe Swimming Spinosaurus in 1:40 Scale
The first batch of new CollectA models includes a dinosaur. The CollectA Deluxe swimming Spinosaurus is an updated version of the Prehistoric Life swimming Spinosaurus figure introduced in 2015 (100 years after Spinosaurus aegyptiacus was named and described) and recently retired.
In 2015, CollectA was the first toy company to make a model of S. aegyptiacus based on the comprehensive reassessment undertaken the previous year in a scientific paper entitled “Semiaquatic adaptations in a giant predatorydinosaur” (Ibrahim et al). In 2020, some of the research team behind this earlier paper examined Spinosaurus tail bones (caudal vertebrae) and concluded that this huge theropod had a tail well-adapted for propelling it through water. The new for CollectA 2022 Spinosaurus reflects this research. The model has been given a broad and very fin-like tail.
Commenting on the introduction of this new figure, model designer Anthony Beeson stated:
“In order to keep up with the science, we have now produced an updated deluxe model that incorporates the new information showing the deep, amphibian-style, tail that powered the animal while swimming. The Spinosaurus has a new colour scheme and an articulated jaw. I have retained the 2015 shape of the sail although some have cast doubts on it.”
CollectA Deluxe Paraceratherium
The third model to be announced is an updated Paraceratherium replica, which replaces the original figure that was retired in 2019. The CollectA Deluxe Paraceratherium represents a male and it reflects recent research that suggests that it possessed a short, muscular proboscis, reminiscent to that of a modern tapir – to which it was very distantly related (member of the Perissodactyla – odd-toed ungulates).
One of the largest land mammals known to science, analysis of cranial material suggests that this herbivore might have had a short trunk or a prehensile upper lip. The design team at CollectA have opted for the former. They have also given it patches of coarse hair a characteristic seen in some extant ungulates.
Although a giant (some specimens suggest a body weight of around 20 tonnes), the CollectA figure is quite lightly built and designer Anthony Beeson speculates that it probably wallowed in mud or indulged in dust baths to help control its body temperature.
When discussing the figure’s size, Anthony stated:
“The model’s size has had to be a compromise between what is suitable for display in shops and for manufacturing.”
CollectA Deluxe 1:20 scale Pteranodon sternbergi with an articulated jaw – length 15 cm, height 13.5 cm.
CollectA Deluxe 1:40 scale swimming Spinosaurus – length 37 cm, height of sail 11 cm.
CollectA Deluxe Paraceratherium – length 22 cm, height 14.7 cm.
These three figures are scheduled to be in stock at Everything Dinosaur in the early part of 2022. Given the current difficulties with logistics and global shipping, we are not able to give a precise date as to when these figures will be available. Team members will do all they can to update customers with regards to availability.
The latest Everything Dinosaur YouTube video updates viewers on the product safety tests the company commissioned on the ITOY Studio Dilophosaurus sinensis dinosaur model. The video also explains why product testing is important and explains the steps Everything Dinosaur takes in order to legally import prehistoric animal figures.
ITOY Studio Dilophosaurus sinensis
The ITOY Studio Dilophosaurus (D. sinensis) figure has had a limited production run. It is going to be more expensive to purchase than dinosaur toys that are predominately aimed at children. Furthermore, it is only going to be available from a specialist retailer such as Everything Dinosaur. These are all arguments to suggest that this is an adult collectable figure and not a toy. As such, it falls outside the UK Toy Safety Regulations 2011 and the EU Toy Safety Directive (2009/48/EC). Product tests are still required and this is why Everything Dinosaur acquired a sample and had this figure tested by Eurofins under the General Product Safety Assessment protocol.
Coming into Stock at Everything Dinosaur
The video narrator explains that the company responsible for printing the product packaging has incorrectly labelled the box with a CE mark. As far as we at Everything Dinosaur know, this model has not been tested under the EU Toy Safety Directive and no certificate stating conformity has been produced (Declaration of Conformity).
If this item was to be offered for sale with the CE mark clearly visible, this would be illegal. Fortunately, thanks to the independent product testing commissioned by Everything Dinosaur, team members know what they have to do to overcome this problem.
Working with Eurofins and their recommendations, Everything Dinosaur has been able to bring into stock this exciting dinosaur model.
Confirming that this dinosaur collectable was heading for the company’s UK warehouse, a spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur stated:
“The ITOY Studio shipment has been delayed. Many vessels are encountering delays at the moment and there are long waits for ships to be unloaded at ports. However, we hope to have this Dilophosaurus collectable in stock at Everything Dinosaur before Christmas.”
Everything Dinosaur on YouTube
The Everything Dinosaur YouTube channel features hundreds of dinosaur and prehistoric animal themed videos, including production updates, model news, new figures and free to enter competitions.