All about dinosaurs, fossils and prehistoric animals by Everything Dinosaur team members.
19 05, 2022

Looking at Mordred (Nanmu Studio)

By | May 19th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Press Releases|0 Comments

Team members at Everything Dinosaur have been looking at the new Nanmu Studio Mordred figures whilst they await details of CE and UKCA certification from the manufacturer. Today, we are posting up some pictures of these remarkable replicas sent to us by the clever design team at Nanmu Studio.

Nanmu Studio Mordred figures and fence accessory.
The four Nanmu Studio Mordred figures namely top left Mordred green with base and accessories – the deluxe version, (top, centre) Mordred green standard version. The Mordred red/black version is bottom left whilst bottom, centre is the red/black deluxe version with base and accessories. The fence accessory (sold separately) is also shown.

Nanmu Studio Mordred Figures

There are four figures to be offered, all produced in a single, one-time-only, limited production run. Nanmu Studio have also produced a fence accessory reminiscent of the security fences seen in the “Jurassic Park/Jurassic World” movie franchise. The Mordred portfolio consists of two colour variants both of which come in either the standard or a deluxe version that includes a display base and other accessories such as interchangeable horns, frills and spikes.

Nanmu Studio Mordred Portfolio

  • Nanmu Studio Mordred in green (172015)
  • Nanmu Studio Mordred in green deluxe version with display base and accessories (172015DX)
  • Nanmu Studio Mordred red/black (172008)
  • Nanmu Studio Mordred red/black deluxe version with base and accessories (172008DX)
Nanmu Studio Mordred (green colour variant)
The Nanmu Studio Mordred green colour variant. The Mordred models (green and red/black) measure around 43 cm long and stand around 20 cm high when not on the display base that comes with the deluxe versions.

Mordred Model Measurements

Each of the Nanmu Studio Mordred figures measures around 43 cm in length and they stand approximately 20 cm high. When placed on a display base the model will be slightly taller. Each figure has declared scale of 1:35.

Nanmu Studio Mordred (red and black).
The red and black colour version of the new for 2022 Nanmu Studio Mordred figure. The manufacturer’s product code for this Nanmu Studio model is 172008.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“These are intriguing figures, and it is fantastic to see the mix of fantasy and palaeontology that has been deployed by Nanmu Studio to create these superbly detailed creatures. They remind us of the “Ultimasaurus”, a chimera created via hybridisation and genetic manipulation that is part of the movie franchise and related spin-offs back story.”

Nanmu Studio green Mordred deluxe version.
The green colour variant Nanmu Studio Mordred figure with base (deluxe version – 172015DX).
Nanmu Studio Mordred (red and black colour version).
The manufacturer’s product code for this Nanmu Studio model: 172008DX.


The “Ultimasaurus”, sometimes referred to as “Ultimatesaurus” is an amalgam of several different famous dinosaurs, a mixture of theropods and ornithischians. It allegedly combined the armour of the herbivorous dinosaurs Triceratops, Stegosaurus and Ankylosaurus with traits associated with Velociraptors and tyrannosaurs, most notably T. rex.

The deluxe version of this figure is supplied with a display base along with interchangeable horns, spikes and other elements of the model’s dermal armour.

Mordred polystone base
The polystone base associated with the Nanmu Studio Mordred deluxe models.

The model will be made from a high grade of PVC whilst the display base will be formed from polystone.

Don’t Forget the Fence

Everything Dinosaur team members are also considering whether to import the security fence accessory that Nanmu Studio intend to manufacture. This fence accessory reminds us of the security fencing and barriers that formed the large dinosaur enclosures in the “Jurassic Park/Jurassic World” movie franchise.

Nanmu Studio Fence Accessory
The fence accessory from Nanmu Studio. The fence measures 35 cm long, stands 28 cm high and is around 8 cm wide. It represents a 1:35 scale model of the security fencing as seen in the “Jurassic Park/Jurassic World” movie franchise.

Your Opinions Please

What do you think of these figures from Nanmu Studio? Should Everything Dinosaur be stocking them? As always, we welcome feedback from our customers and blog readers.

To view the current range of Nanmu Studio prehistoric animal figures in stock at Everything Dinosaur: Nanmu Studio Models and Prehistoric Animal Figures.

18 05, 2022

Cheltenham Science Festival – “Here be Sea Dragons”

By | May 18th, 2022|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Educational Activities, Main Page, Press Releases|0 Comments

The 2022 Cheltenham Science Festival starts next month (7th – 12th June) and as always, this festival is jam-packed with amazing events, presentations and activities covering just about every aspect of the sciences. The Earth sciences are strongly represented once again this year and award-winning palaeontologist Dr Dean Lomax will be delivering a talk entitled “Mary Anning and the Sea Dragons” at the centrally located Helix Theatre on the evening of the 8th June.

Dr Dean Lomax working on the skull of the Rutland ichthyosaur.
Dr Dean Lomax working on the skull of the Rutland ichthyosaur, the largest and most complete ichthyosaur fossil ever found in the UK. Picture credit: Matthew Power.

Hic Sunt Dracones – “Here be Dragons”

The Latin expression “hic sunt dracones” which translates as “here be dragons”, was used by Medieval cartographers to highlight unexplored territories on maps or regions where monsters were thought to roam. Join Dr Lomax on a guided tour through 200 years of fossil discoveries, shedding light on the ichthyosaurs, those enigmatic “sea dragons” that thrived during the time of the dinosaurs.

In “Mary Anning and the Sea Dragons”, Dr Lomax, a recent recipient of the prestigious Halstead Award from the Geologists’ Association, tells the amazing story of these marvellous marine reptiles, from the first fossil discoveries and the work of Mary Anning right up to the latest research including the excavation of the monstrous “Rutland Sea Dragon”, led by Dr Dean. Described as one of the most important finds in British palaeontological history, this huge ten-metre-long specimen is the biggest and most complete ichthyosaur fossil ever found in the UK.

Aerial view of the Rutland ichthyosaur excavation site.
An aerial view of the Rutland ichthyosaur excavation site. Dr Dean Lomax provides the scale. Hic sunt dracones! Picture credit: Matthew Power.

Following in the Footsteps of Mary Anning

Mary Anning was an extraordinary pioneering palaeontologist from Lyme Regis in Dorset. She discovered the first ichthyosaurs (or “sea dragons”) brought to the attention of science and helped to put the science of palaeontology firmly on the map. Palaeontologist, author and renowned expert on ichthyosaurs Dr Lomax has spent much of his illustrious career following in the footsteps of Mary Anning, even acting as a consultant for a short film about her exploits fittingly entitled “Sea Dragon” which will be shown as part of Dean’s presentation at the Helix Theatre (Wednesday, June 8th 5pm-6pm).

Dr Dean Lomax and ichthyosaur fossils.
Dr Dean Lomax with ichthyosaur fossils on display at the Natural History Museum London. Picture credit: Dr Dean Lomax.

Mary Anning and the “Sea Dragons”

Dean’s presentation – “Mary Anning and the Sea Dragons” is ideal for families and for children from seven years plus. Plot a course to the Helix Theatre for 5pm on June 8th to catch up with one of the UK’s leading scientists in the field of palaeontology.

For further details and to book this event at the Cheltenham Science Festival: Dr Dean Lomax – “Mary Anning and the Sea Dragons”.

A 21st Century Palaeontologist

Dr Lomax is currently involved with several important research programmes as well as media projects, and although he spends his working hours looking back into time, he is very much a 21st century palaeontologist with a passion for outreach work and science communication. Dean has recently written three books, reflecting his wide-ranging interests and engaging communication style.

As always, Dean will be happy to answer questions and to chat to any budding young palaeontologists, their parents and any fossil enthusiasts and he will be signing copies of his latest books – “Locked in Time”, “Prehistoric Pets” and “Dinosaurs Ten Things You Should Know”.

Three books written by Dr Dean Lomax.
Dean has recently completed three books – “Locked in Time” (left) which is illustrated by Bob Nicholls. “Prehistoric Pets” (centre) and (right) “Dinosaurs 10 Things You Should Know”. Dr Lomax will be signing copies at this Cheltenham Festival Event.

Event Details

  • Event: Cheltenham Science Festival.
  • Presentation: Mary Anning and the “Sea Dragons” by Dr Dean Lomax.
  • Venue: Helix Theatre (located on the Cheltenham Science Festival site at Imperial Square, directly behind Cheltenham Town Hall).
  • Date: Wednesday June 8th.
  • Time: 5pm to 6pm (Ticket price £7.00)

Book “Mary Anning and Sea Dragons”: Book Tickets for the Presentation.

Visit the Cheltenham Science Festival website here: The Cheltenham Science Festival.

17 05, 2022

A Balloon Dinosaur

By | May 17th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page, Photos, Press Releases|0 Comments

What do you give a team member at Everything Dinosaur as a thank you gift for their help and assistance? A balloon dinosaur of course! We received a little thank you gift, a little token of appreciation after we provided assistance. This was a very kind, it was a lovely gesture, but we were just doing our job and trying to help where we could.

Balloon dinosaur given to Everything Dinosaur.
The dinosaur balloon given to an Everything Dinosaur team member, we appreciate the kind gesture and we are grateful to receive a green tyrannosaur in balloon form.

Our little green dinosaur is currently keeping us company in the office. The balloon Tyrannosaurus rex is keeping an eye on us as we prepare articles for the Everything Dinosaur blog and get the paperwork completed so that we can pack orders for Everything Dinosaur customers.

Balloon dinosaur.
A close-up of the fearsome looking balloon Tyrannosaurus rex that was given to Everything Dinosaur. The balloon dinosaur is in our office keeping us company as we write articles for the Everything Dinosaur blog and complete paperwork prior to packing orders for customers.
14 05, 2022

Caldey Draws a Therizinosaur

By | May 14th, 2022|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal Drawings, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page|0 Comments

Our thanks to young Caldey for sending into Everything Dinosaur a wonderful illustration of the therizinosaur that features in the forthcoming film “Jurassic World – Dominion”. This eagerly anticipated movie, rumoured to be the last in the “Jurassic Park/Jurassic World” franchise is due to have its world premiere on June 10th (2022).

Team members at Everything Dinosaur are looking forward to seeing the film in the cinema, Everything Dinosaur had a small role in helping the production team. We suspect that lots of dinosaur fans and model collectors will be looking forward to this film’s release.

Caldey draws a therizinosaur
Caldey has chosen to illustrate the therizinosaur, complete with its impressive manual unguals (claws). The Therizinosaurus makes an appearance in the last film in the “Jurassic Park/Jurassic World” franchise “Jurassic World – Dominion”. Picture credit: Caldey.

“Jurassic World” – Therizinosaur

Numerous different types of theropod have adorned this film franchise, from the iconic Tyrannosaurus rex, the frill-necked dilophosaurs and the over-sized Velociraptors from the first film “Jurassic Park” that was released in the summer of 1993 to Spinosaurus, Carnotaurus and hybridised forms such as Indominus. A therizinosaur makes its appearance in “Dominion” and it has appeared in the trailer for the film, which has been viewed on YouTube more than fifty million times.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“We congratulate Caldey for her excellent therizinosaur illustration. It is such a splendid drawing. We enjoy receiving dinosaur illustrations and it never ceases to amaze us how talented some of these young artists are.”

13 05, 2022

PNSO Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus

By | May 13th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Press Releases|0 Comments

PNSO will be adding a replica of the fearsome North American theropod Acrocanthosaurus (A. atokensis) to their mid-size prehistoric animal model range. Pictures of this exciting new figure have been revealed and Everything Dinosaur can announce that this model should be in stock next month (June 2022).

PNSO Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus
PNSO Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus has an articulated lower jaw and it measures over 32 cm in length.

Acrocanthosaurus atokensis

Rumours had been circulating for some time within the dinosaur model collecting community that PNSO was due to add a replica of this super-sized, Early Cretaceous carcharodontosaurid to its already extensive model range, Everything Dinosaur can now reveal that this figure will be available in the early summer.

PNSO Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus
PNSO Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus has an articulated lower jaw.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“We are delighted to announce that an Acrocanthosaurus is being added to the PNSO model range. PNSO have expressed an ambition to dramatically increase the range of models that it offers and over the last two years or so, we have seen Allosaurus, Yutyrannus, Carnotaurus, Qianzhousaurus, Carcharodontosaurus and Tarbosaurus replicas added to their range and now we have a fantastic model of an Acrocanthosaurus joining the PNSO portfolio too.”

PNSO Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus
PNSO Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus in anterior view.

PNSO Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus Model Measurements

The PNSO Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus model measures an impressive 32.5 cm in length and the figure stands around 10.5 cm tall. Although PNSO does not declare a scale for its mid-size models, based on Acrocanthosaurus having an estimated size of 12 metres, team members at Everything Dinosaur have stated that this figure is in approximately 1:37 scale.

Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus model measurements.
PNSO Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus dinosaur model measurements. This new for 2022 figure measures 32.5 cm in length and it stands around 10.5 cm high.

Acrocanthosaurus Accessories

This amazing Acrocanthosaurus (A. atokensis) comes complete with a full-colour, 64-page illustrated booklet, posters inspired by the fossil material and highlighting the artwork of Zhao Chuang. PNSO have also prepared a short video explaining how the figure was developed which can be accessed by a QR code.

PNSO Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus posters and booklet.
The model is supplied with a clear plastic support stand, a 64-page, full-colour booklet and colour poster. A QR code on the packaging links to a short video that explains how the figure was made.
PNSO Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus.
The PNSO Fergus the Acrocanthosaurus dinosaur model. A fabulous Acrocanthosaurus atokensis replica by PNSO.

To view the range of PNSO prehistoric animal models and figures currently in stock at Everything Dinosaur: PNSO Age of Dinosaurs Models and Figures.

12 05, 2022

Eofauna Konobelodon atticus Reviewed

By | May 12th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Product Reviews|0 Comments

Our thanks to prehistoric animal fan and model collector William who sent into Everything Dinosaur a review of his recently purchased Eofauna Konobelodon atticus figure.

William wrote to Everything Dinosaur commenting on how well packaged his parcel had been. The Konobelodon atticus is the fourth prehistoric figure released by Eofauna and he praised the scientific accuracy of this exciting range.

Eofauna Konobelodon atticus
The new for 2022 Eofauna Konobelodon atticus model is supplied with a data card and Everything Dinosaur will also provide a product fact sheet with sales of this figure.

Konobelodon Reviewed

William began his review by explaining that the skull was longer and lower than those of modern elephants. He compared the Konobelodon head to other extinct proboscideans such as mastodons and gomphotheres. He highlighted the position of the eyes and the orbits set deeper and protected by a ridge of bone.

He summarised how these prehistoric elephants got their nickname “Shovel-Tuskers” and postulated that due to the observed pattern of wear on the tusks, the lower tusks were probably used to rasp the trunks of trees in order to feed on the bark.

William praised the trunk on the Eofauna model, commenting that it looked very natural and with the tip of the trunk swaying to the left it gave the impression that this elephant was either feeding or drinking.

The reviewer added:

As with all the Eofauna Proboscidea no detail is missed on the mouth from pink tongue to the tusks and the nasal openings. There are two, beautiful, pale yellow eyes that even in miniature form seem to portray the Proboscidea as having wisdom and compassion.”

Konobelodon model
Originally named in 1857, Konobelodon atticus has had a long and complicated taxonomic history. William praises this figure for its scientific accuracy.

Roaming the Savannah or Forest

The body is described as being long and robust, typical of the Amebelodontinae. William points out that old illustrations of this animal depicted it as a sprawling hippo-like swamp dweller. The Eofauna Scientific Research replica is a modern interpretation, this model would not be out of place roaming a savannah or forest.

William stated:

“This is all down to Eofauna’s painstaking research to create the perfect accurate model.”

Konobelodon atticus scale drawing.
A scale drawing of the Late Miocene prehistoric elephant Konobelodon atticus.

Information About K. atticus

William remarked that the model’s colour scheme was similar to the colouration seen today in extant Asian elephants with a mixture of splashes of pink and fleshy tones on the ears, chest, forehead and trunk.

The toenails have had the same pink and grey wash applied and the tuft of black hair on the end of the tail was singled out for comment by the reviewer.

William provided the model’s measurements:

Scale: 1/35.
Height: 4 inches.
Length: 9 inches.

A short history of the discovery of the first Konobelodon fossil material was provided encompassing the role played in the discovery by the historian John Finlay, soldiers in the army of the Bavaria that occupied Greece and how the fossils came to the notice of the German palaeontologist Johan Andreas Wagner.

Epoch: Miocene 15–10 million years ago.
Geographical Range: North America, Europe and China.
Weight: 9-10 Tons.
Height: 12-13 Feet.
Length: 26 Feet.

Eofauna Scientific Research Konobelodon atticus
The stunning Eofauna Konobelodon model measures 23 cm long and stands approximately 11 cm high.

William concluded his review by stating that in his opinion the Eofauna Konobelodon prehistoric elephant model was a “masterpiece” and he praised Everything Dinosaur for their excellent customer service and the swift delivery of his order.

Our thanks to William for sending into Everything Dinosaur his Eofauna Konobelodon model review.

To view the range of Eofauna models in stock at Everything Dinosaur: Eofauna Scientific Research Models.

11 05, 2022

Unexpected Patterns of Prehistoric Activity Detected at Stonehenge

By | May 11th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Geology, Main Page, Photos|0 Comments

Researchers from the University of Birmingham and Ghent University (Belgium), have identified hundreds of possible large prehistoric pits and thousands of smaller ones at the heart of the ancient Stonehenge landscape. This discovery challenges our understanding of land use through time at this famous UNESCO World Heritage site, the most intensively investigated prehistoric monument in the world.

Detected and excavated map of pits at Stonehenge.
Hundreds of possible prehistoric pits detected in the landscape, indicating those that have been validated and excavated, plotted on a magnetic soil map from Stonehenge. Picture credit: De Smedt et al.

The Oldest Evidence of Land Use at Stonehenge

Writing in the academic “Journal of Archaeological Science”, the researchers report the discovery of a substantial pit, more than four metres wide and two metres deep excavated into chalk bedrock. Estimated to have been constructed over 10,000 years ago it stands out as the most ancient trace of land use yet discovered at Stonehenge. This prehistoric pit bears witness to hunter-gatherers roaming the landscape during the early Mesolithic, when Britain was re-inhabited after the last Ice Age. This is only one of many new sites and unexpected patterns of prehistoric activity detected at Stonehenge by the Ghent-Birmingham study team.

Overview of the excavation work.
An overview of the excavation work. Picture credit: University of Ghent/University of Birmingham.

Unique Research

In a unique piece of research, extensive, electromagnetic induction surveying was combined with borehole analysis and twenty exploratory archaeological excavations. These revealed the extensive sub-surface pits.

Philippe De Smedt, Associate Professor at Ghent University and co-author of the scientific paper commented:

“Geophysical survey allows us to visualise what’s buried below the surface of entire landscapes. The maps we create offer a high-resolution view of subsurface soil variation that can be targeted with unprecedented precision. Using this as a guide to sample the landscape, taking archaeological ‘biopsies’ of subsurface deposits, we were able to add archaeological meaning to the complex variations discovered in the landscape.”

Four Hundred Large Pits

The project team identified over four hundred potential large pits (each over 2.5 metres in diameter), of which six were excavated in the course of the project, ranging in date from the Early Mesolithic (c.8000 BCE) to the Middle Bronze Age (c.1300 BCE).

While each of these sites adds to our knowledge of prehistoric activity in the Stonehenge landscape, the Mesolithic pit stands out as exceptional. The size and shape of the pit suggest it was probably dug as a hunting trap for large game such as aurochs, red deer and wild boar. Dating to 8200-7800 BCE, it is not only one of the earliest of the very few Mesolithic sites near Stonehenge (predating, for instance, the Blick Mead occupation site 1.5 kms away), it is also the largest known Early Mesolithic pit feature in north-western Europe.

Collecting samples in the Mesolithic pit.
Collecting environmental samples in the Mesolithic pit. Picture credit: University of Ghent/University of Birmingham.

Everything Dinosaur acknowledges the assistance of a media release from the University of Birmingham in the compilation of this article.

The scientific paper: “Novel Insights into Prehistoric Land Use at Stonehenge by Combining Electromagnetic and Invasive Methods with a Semi-Automated Interpretation Scheme” by De Smedt, Philippe, Paul Garwood, Henry Chapman, Koen Deforce, Johan De Grave, Daan Hanssens and Dimitri Vandenberghe published in the Journal of Archaeological Science.

10 05, 2022

Pregnant Ichthyosaur Airlifted to Safety

By | May 10th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Photos/Pictures of Fossils|0 Comments

As the glaciers that comprise the Southern Patagonian Ice Field in Chile retreat, some of the rocks exposed have revealed an astonishing array of ichthyosaur fossils. A resilient and dedicated team of scientists have been working to map this hugely significant site and to extract the marine reptile fossil material so that these remarkable specimens can be studied in more detail.

Exposed ichthyosaur specimen revealed by a retreating glacier.
Dr Judith Pardo-Pérez (University of Magallanes), shows the ichthyosaur specimen exposed by the retreating Tyndall Glacier. Picture credit: Alejandra Zúñiga.

Finding and Rescuing “Fiona”

An expedition to the remote Tyndall Glacier located in the Torres del Paine National Park, led by Dr Judith Pardo-Pérez from the University of Magallanes (Punta Arenas, southern Chile), has recovered the country’s first complete ichthyosaur fossil. Nicknamed “Fiona” the four-metre-long specimen represents the remains of a pregnant female, complete with several ichthyosaur embryos.

“Fiona” was discovered in 2009, during an earlier expedition to this remote area of Chilean Patagonia. A team of dedicated researchers which included Jonatan Kaluza from Fundación de Historia Natural Félix de Azara and CONICET (Argentina), biologist and palaeontological excavator Héctor Ortiz from the Chilean Antarctic Institute and the University of Chile and renowned ichthyosaur expert Dr Dean Lomax (Visiting Scientist at The University of Manchester), braved the harsh conditions in March and April to ensure the safe removal of the specimen. The intact female ichthyosaur remains were airlifted using a helicopter. It is hoped that further analysis of this remarkable specimen will confirm it as a new ichthyosaur genus.

Airlifting an ichthyosaur fossil.
A helicopter prepares to airlift the pregnant ichthyosaur specimen. Picture credit: The University of Manchester.

The First Female Palaeontologist to Lead a Major Expedition to Patagonia

Dr Judith Pardo-Pérez has visited the Tyndall fossil site more than ten times since the initial discovery in 1997 and completed her PhD on the ichthyosaurs found in the area. Thanks to funding from the Chilean National Agency for Research and Development (ANID), a team of top scientists could be put together to allow the fossils preserved in an ancient Cretaceous seabed to be studied in detail.

Dr Pardo-Pérez, is the first female palaeontologist to lead a major expedition in Patagonia.

Team members at the Tyndall Glacier Site (Chile)
Part of the Tyndall Ichthyosaur Team discuss excavating a section of a fossil specimen. Picture credit: The University of Manchester.

Collecting these hugely important marine reptile fossils, was no easy task. The Tyndall Glacier site could only be reached by a 10-hour hike or horse ride and the team had to endure difficult weather conditions including high winds and snowstorms whilst excavating the fossils from the extremely hard sediment.

To combat the 90 kph winds, heavy rain and snow, a hangar was built over “Fiona” so that the team could continue to work despite the harsh weather. Circular saws and heavy-duty excavation tools were used to free the fossils from the bedrock.

A hanger erected over the ichthyosaur specimen.
A hanger was erected over the 4-metre-long ichthyosaur fossil so the scientists could continue working on the specimen despite the extreme weather conditions. Picture credit: The University of Manchester.

The Most Abundant and Best-preserved Cretaceous Ichthyosaur Deposit Known

Despite the constant threat of pumas, the team have ensured that this exceptional female specimen has been made available for further analysis and study. It is the only known specimen of a pregnant female of Valanginian-Hauterivian age (between 129 and 139 million years old from the Early Cretaceous).

Commenting on the importance of the specimen, Dr Pardo-Perez Pérez stated:

“At four metres long, complete, and with embryos in gestation, the excavation will help to provide information on its species, on the palaeobiology of embryonic development, and on a disease that affected it during its lifetime.”

In addition to “Fiona” a further twenty-three new ichthyosaur specimens were discovered by the expedition team, making the Tyndall Glacier site perhaps the most abundant and best-preserved early Cretaceous ichthyosaur deposit in the world.

Examining an Ichthyosaur Skull
Dr Judith Pardo-Pérez and Dr Dean Lomax examining the best-preserved skull of an ichthyosaur found at the Tyndall Glacier site. Whilst assisting on-site, Dr Lomax found new specimens including the skull of a juvenile ichthyosaur. Picture credit: The University of Manchester.

An Ichthyosaur Graveyard

The fossils consist of adults, juveniles and very young ichthyosaurs, they can provide scientists with information on breeding behaviour as well as helping to plot the radiation of new ichthyosaur genera following the end-Jurassic extinction event.

Dr Lomax explained:

“The fact that these incredible ichthyosaurs are so well preserved in an extreme environment, revealed by a retreating glacier, is unlike anywhere else in the world. The considerable number of ichthyosaurs found in the area, including complete skeletons of adults, juveniles, and new-borns provides a unique window into the past. The international collaboration helps to share this exceptional ichthyosaur graveyard with the world and, to a large extent, to promote science.”

Cutting out an ichthyosaur specimen
Jonatan Kuluza, palaeontological technician at the Fundación de Historia Natural Félix de Azara and CONICET (Argentina), uses a circular saw to cut out an ichthyosaur specimen. Picture credit: The University of Manchester.

Dr Lomax added:

“The weather was so extreme that we could not get to the ichthyosaur site every day and had to remain in camp. On those days when the team could reach the site, they documented the ichthyosaurs and other fossils and discovered new specimens. Amazingly, on average, two ichthyosaurs were found every day.”

Protecting and Preserving the Remaining Specimens

The female ichthyosaur nicknamed “Fiona”, will be prepared and studied at the Río Seco Natural History Museum in Punta Arenas. It is hoped that the beautifully preserved specimen will go on public display.

The priority for Dr Pardo-Pérez and her collaborators is to try to preserve as many specimens as possible. The remoteness of the site and the difficult working conditions will hamper any attempts to preserve and protect these remarkable specimens.

Outlining some of the problems facing the team, the doctor stated:

“We have almost a hundred ichthyosaurs in the Tyndall Glacier fossil deposit and many of them, unfortunately, will never be excavated, due to the difficulty of access, being in risk areas [cliff edge], and lack of funds. The ichthyosaurs that will not be excavated need protection and consolidation in situ, as the erosion to which they are being subjected on a daily basis is destroying them.”

Everything Dinosaur acknowledges the assistance of media release from The University of Manchester in the compilation of this article.

9 05, 2022

William Reviews the Eofauna Diplodocus carnegii Model

By | May 9th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Product Reviews|0 Comments

Our thanks to dinosaur fan and model collector William who sent into Everything Dinosaur a review of the new for 2022 Eofauna Scientific Research Diplodocus carnegii model. William commented that the model arrived within 24-hours of placing the order and it was perfectly and expertly wrapped, being supplied in a strong cardboard box to protect the model in transit.

Eofauna Diplodocus carnegii model with information card
The new for 2022 Eofauna Diplodocus carnegii dinosaur model is supplied with a beautifully illustrated collector’s card. Everything Dinosaur team members helped with the hang tag and labelling for the new Eofauna Diplodocus.

The Second Sauropod from Eofauna Scientific Research

In William’s review he pointed out that the Diplodocus carnegii model was the second sauropod figure to be released by Eofauna following the introduction of their Atlasaurus figure in 2019. He praises the typically small diplodocid head, highlights the skin wrinkles and suggests that some palaeontologists think that sauropods had beaked lips to help them shear vegetation. William states that the beak keratin on the model is painted black which contrasts nicely with the inside of the mouth which is painted pink.

He highlights the dermal spines and comments upon the dermal bumps that are depicted over the large body.

Eofauna Diplodocus scale model
The Eofauna Diplodocus carnegii model measures around 60 cm in length and stands 11 cm tall. It is a 1/40th scale model.

A Terrific Torso

The reviewer reflects on the scientifically accurate sculpt of D. carnegii, from the finely rendered legs with the toenails well painted, including the more prominent inner toe claw on all four, compact, sturdy feet (digit I). William states that:

Never will you see such a long model from the tip of the neck to the end of its deadly tail tip.”

The complex colour scheme complete with its counter shading is discussed in William’s review and he praises the design team at Eofauna for their depiction of this iconic dinosaur.

William added:

“When you view the model from a side profile you see a pleasing, warm, earthy palette of hues just right for this Dippy.”

Eofauna Diplodocus and Konobelodon.
The Eofauna Diplodocus (top) and the Eofauna Konobelodon (bottom) with their fact sheets. Two new figures for 2022 with their accompanying Everything Dinosaur fact sheets.

The reviewer comments that this figure is in 1/40th scale and measures between 24 and 25 inches in length and stands around 4 inches tall. He explains that this Diplodocus species is associated with the Morrison Formation (Upper Jurassic).

Diplodocus Biography

In concluding his review, William kindly provided some additional notes about this remarkable sauropod genus. Explaining that the genus was erected by the American palaeontologist Othniel Charles Marsh in 1878.

Weight: 15-20 Tonnes.
Height: 16 feet high at the hip.
Length: 88 feet.
Neck length: 20-21 feet.

Ending his model review William kindly praised Everything Dinosaur stating:

“May I take a moment and thank the entire team of Everything Dinosaur.”

He is excited about future model introductions and is looking forward to hearing news of 2023 model releases from Eofauna Scientific Research.

To view the range of Eofauna models in stock at Everything Dinosaur: Eofauna Scientific Research Prehistoric Animal Models.

8 05, 2022

Happy Birthday Sir David Attenborough

By | May 8th, 2022|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Famous Figures, Main Page, Photos, Press Releases|0 Comments

Today, May 8th, is Sir David Attenborough’s birthday. The naturalist, broadcaster and campaigner is ninety-six years of age and his enthusiasm for the natural world continues to shine through in the myriad of projects with which he is currently involved.

Sir David Attenborough
Sir David Attenborough veteran naturalist and broadcaster. Today, May 8th (2022) is his 96th birthday. Many Happy Returns Sir David!

Prehistoric Planet

Sir David’s energy and enthusiasm for the natural world shows no sign of deteriorating despite him being just a few years short of his centenary. For example, he is the narrator of a new five-part, nature documentary television series about dinosaurs that will premiere on Apple TV+ on May 23rd (2022) entitled “Prehistoric Planet”.

Produced by the BBC Studios Natural History Unit with visual effects by Moving Picture Company, the television series will be shown over five consecutive nights examining different dinosaur dominated environments during the Cretaceous.

Prehistoric Planet television series.
The television series “Prehistoric Planet” starts on May 23rd (2022). The programmes are narrated by Sir David Attenborough. Picture credit: Apple TV+.

The veteran broadcaster has become an active campaigner raising awareness about climate change, global warming and the impact of our species on the planet. He remains as busy as ever, but we at Everything Dinosaur hope he takes a little time out of his busy schedule today to enjoy his birthday.

Happy birthday Sir David Attenborough.

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