All about dinosaurs, fossils and prehistoric animals by Everything Dinosaur team members.
//April
30 04, 2021

Japan’s Second Hadrosaur

By | April 30th, 2021|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Palaeontological articles, Photos/Pictures of Fossils|0 Comments

Scientists from the Hokkaido University Museum in collaboration with colleagues from the Okayama University of Science have named a second hadrosaurid from the Late Cretaceous of Japan. Described from a partial skeleton, Yamatosaurus izanagii lived at the same time as the first duck-billed dinosaur named from Japan (Kamuysaurus japonicus), but these two dinosaurs probably did not co-exist, instead Kamuysaurus may have been restricted to more northern coastal environments whilst the newly described Yamatosaurus may have been confined to more southerly habitats.

Yamatosaurus izanagii Life Reconstruction with more Advance Forms of Duck-billed Dinosaur in the Background
Yamatosaurus izanagii life reconstruction (centre), with a Lambeosaurinae representative (right) and a representative of the Saurolophinae (left), the dentition and shoulder bones suggest that Yamatosaurus is a basal member of the Hadrosauridae family and its discovery supports the idea that hadrosaurs evolved in Asia. Picture Credit: Masato Hattori.

Did the Hadrosauridae Originate in Asia or North America?

The researchers, who included Yoshitsugu Kobayashi, Ryuji Takasaki and Anthony R. Fiorillo (who wrote the scientific paper describing Kamuysaurus in 2019), plus Katsuhiro Kubota (Hokkaido University Museum), conducted a phylogenetic analysis suggesting that Yamatosaurus was a primitive member of the hadrosaur family. Intriguingly, the team also undertook a biogeographical analysis (plotting age of ornithopod fossil finds against geographical location). They conclude that basal hadrosaurids were widely distributed in both Asia and Appalachia (the landmass representing eastern North America). In addition, the scientists postulate that the discovery of Yamatosaurus supports the theory that the sub-families of more derived duck-billed dinosaurs the Lambeosaurinae and the Saurolophinae originated in Asia and that towards the end of the Cretaceous, basal hadrosaurids such as Plesiohadros djadokhtaensis (Mongolia), Tanius sinensis (C‌hina) and Yamatosaurus (Japan) continued to thrive in eastern Asia but were extinct elsewhere.

Data Suggests an Asian Origin for Hadrosaurs
A biogeographical analysis indicates that the Hadrosauridae may have originated in Asia. The discovery of Yamatosaurus izanagii in Japan supports the idea of an Asian original for that line of ornithopods that evolved into hadrosaurs.

Discovered in Marine Sediments

Amateur fossil collector Mr. Shingo Kishimoto discovered the fossilised remains in 2004, whilst exploring exposures of the Kita-ama Formation on the island of Awaji (Hyogo Prefecture). The fossil material consists of a dentary (lower jawbone), along with the surangular, neck bones, bones from the tail, cervical ribs and a coracoid plus some isolated teeth. Although hadrosaur fossils have been found in several locations in Japan (all four main islands – Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu), they are, with the exception of the Kamuysaurus material, highly fragmentary consisting of teeth, portions of the limbs and vertebrae, this is only the second time that a new genus of duck-billed dinosaur has been erected from Japanese fossils.

The stratum from which the Yamatosaurus material was collected consists of marine mudstones of approximately the same age (early Maastrichtian), as the sediments in which Kamuysaurus was found.

Various views of the right dentary of Yamatosaurus
Right dentary of Yamatosaurus izanagii gen. et sp. nov. in lateral (a), medial (b), dorsal (c), ventral (d), and anterior (e) views.

Unique Traits and Basal Characteristics

Study of the nearly complete right dentary helped the researchers to erect a new, basal hadrosaur genus. Unlike other hadrosaurs Yamatosaurus had just one functional tooth in several battery positions and no branched ridges on the chewing surfaces. This suggests that Yamatosaurus evolved to feed differently compared to other duck-billed dinosaurs. Furthermore, the coracoid (that with the scapula would have formed the shoulder joint), shows traits linked to the movement away from a bipedal gait to becoming quadrupedal. This bone shows transitional characteristics that in later, more derived hadrosaurs, were more fully developed permitting these animals to become facultative bipeds (adopting a quadrupedal gait but able to run on their hind legs if required to do so).

To read Everything Dinosaur’s article from 2019 about the formal description of the first hadrosaur named from Japan (Kamuysaurus japonicus): Japan’s Greatest Fossil Dinosaur Gets a Name.

The scientific paper: “A new basal hadrosaurid (Dinosauria: Ornithischia) from the latest Cretaceous Kita-ama Formation in Japan implies the origin of hadrosaurids” by Yoshitsugu Kobayashi, Ryuji Takasaki, Katsuhiro Kubota and Anthony R. Fiorillo published in Scientific Reports.

29 04, 2021

T. rex Exhibition to Open in the UK

By | April 29th, 2021|Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Photos/Pictures of Fossils, Press Releases|0 Comments

Wollaton Hall Natural History Museum (Nottingham) is to play host to a T. rex exhibition that sets out to dispel some of the myths surrounding this apex Late Cretaceous predator. Thanks to the latest research and the discovery of a T. rex specimen in the Badlands of Montana in 2018, the exhibition depicts the “King of the Tyrant Lizards” as a real animal, a highly successful predator and possibly a social hunter too.

Wollaton Hall Natural History Museum T rex exhibition
A T. rex exhibition is coming to Wollaton Hall Natural History Museum in the summer of 2021.

“Titus: T. rex is King”

The exhibition entitled “Titus: T. rex is King” opens on Sunday 4th July 2021 and will run until August 2022, giving visitors the opportunity to view a real Tyrannosaurus rex specimen, the actual fossilised bones and teeth of arguably, the most famous dinosaur of all.

Digital and Immersive Displays

The fossilised remains of “Titus” – the nickname given to this particular specimen, will be revealed for the first time at Wollaton Hall, the venue that hosted the extremely successful “Dinosaurs of China” exhibition in 2017.

Visitors will have the opportunity to explore its life and environment using digital and interactive virtual media displays that tell the tale of the dinosaur’s discovery, subsequent excavation and the painstaking process of piecing together the life story of an iconic dinosaur.

Tyrannosaurus rex cast skeleton on display
Most museum exhibits are actually casts (replicas) of dinosaur fossil bones. This is a cast of BHI3033, the Tyrannosaurus rex specimen known as “Stan”.

A Rare Opportunity to See Actual T. rex Fossil Bones

The “Titus: T. rex is King” exhibition provides a rare opportunity to see real T. rex fossil bones up close. The media release sent to Everything Dinosaur states that this is the first real Tyrannosaurus rex fossil skeleton to be exhibited in England for over a century. We are not entirely sure how valid that claim is, as some of the original Barnum Brown T. rex fossils may have been on display at the British Museum (later the Natural History Museum), at some time over the last 100 years.

T. rex fossils have been exhibited in Scotland recently. In 2019, specimen number RGM 792.000, the Tyrannosaurus rex known as “Trix” was put on temporary display in Glasgow. Nevertheless, the Wollaton Hall exhibition all 4,000 square feet of it, will permit visitors to investigate and to try and solve some of the mysteries surrounding this fearsome dinosaur.

T. rex replica outside the Frankfurt museum.
A well-known Frankfurt landmark. The T. rex outside the Naturmuseum Senckenberg . Tyrannosaurus rex attracts attention wherever it goes. The T. rex exhibition that went to Scotland featured a specimen that was awaiting the building of a new gallery at the Naturalis Biodiversity Center (Leiden, Netherlands).

Feathers or Scales?

Commenting on the significance of “Titus: T. rex is King”, renowned palaeontologist Dr David Hone (Senior Lecturer in Zoology at Queen Mary, University of London) and member of the scientific team tasked with bringing “Titus” back to life stated:

“Visitors will be able to explore the world of Titus and take a closer look at his particular features – his crushing bite, incredible eyesight and keen sense of smell, air-filled bones, weight, size and speed. And then look more closely at his make-up of muscle and tissue, with 3D scans of his bones to examine and handle – and try to decide if in fact he was covered in scales or feathers or both.”

Rebor King T. rex Data Sheet
Tyrannosaurus rex has fascinated people since it was first scientifically described in 1905 (Osborn), visitors to Wollaton Hall from July 4th will have the rare chance to view actual T. rex fossil bones and to review some of the latest research on this iconic dinosaur.

Arts Council England Funding

The Arts Council England provided the initial funding of £250,000 to secure the exhibition for Nottingham and the UK, allowing Wollaton Hall Natural History Museum to assemble a unique, expert team of palaeontologists, conservationists, and digital display specialists to tell the story of T. rex and the ancient landscape of North America 66 million years ago.

Rachael Evans, Museums Development Manager at Nottingham City Museums explained:

“Coming face to face with an actual T. rex is an experience very few in the world can claim. Even in skeleton form, Titus’ power and presence is unmistakable – we have had to dedicate the largest room at Wollaton Hall just to him alone! Titus T. rex is King will take you on a truly unique journey discovering all there is to know about this dinosaur – the largest predator in its ecosystem. The sheer size and scale of the skeleton takes your breath away. It is a truly an amazing discovery and an absolute must-see.”

Tickets on Sale Now (April 2021)

Tickets for “TITUS T. REX IS KING” are on sale now, set at £12.00 for an adult, £8.00 for a child (under 16 years), students and concessions, £32.00 for a family ticket (2 adults and 2 children under 16 years) and under 3s and carers have no entry fees to pay. Booking fees and car parking charges apply. With COVID-19 safety measures in place, booking in advance is essential.

To book tickets and for more information, visit the website: Wollaton Hall “Titus: T. rex is King“.

28 04, 2021

CollectA Kamuysaurus Reviewed

By | April 28th, 2021|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Product Reviews|0 Comments

The new for 2021 CollectA Kamuysaurus dinosaur model is in stock and what a wonderful addition it makes to the CollectA Age of Dinosaurs Popular range. It’s great to see CollectA introduce another hadrosaur replica, a replica of a dinosaur that was only formally named and described in 2019.

The new for 2021 CollectA Kamuysaurus dinosaur model
The new for 2021 CollectA Kamuysaurus dinosaur model continues the trend for CollectA to make replicas of the unique Japanese dinosaur biota. Kamuysaurus follows on from Fukuiraptor and Fukuisaurus that were introduced previously.

A Japanese Hadrosaur

Named and described based on a single, nearly complete specimen Kamuysaurus heralds from exposures of the Upper Cretaceous Hakobuchi Formation on Hokkaido. The dinosaur nicknamed the “Mukawa dragon” has been skilfully recreated by the design team at CollectA. The model possesses a small, straight nasal crest that extends to the top of the head, a feature remarked upon in the scientific paper when the rugose nature of the nasal and frontal bones was discussed. In contrast, the row of small spikes running from the back of the graceful neck to the very tip of the tail are speculative but they do not detract from the appearance of this replica.

The CollectA Kamjysaurus (lateral view).
Individual scales on the flanks and along the tail can be made out and the skin folds add to the realism of the figure.

Model Measurements

The CollectA Kamuysaurus measures 14 cm in length and it stands a fraction under 5.5 cm high. It is a relatively small model, but it has been beautifully painted and the individual scales on the well-sculpted flanks can be made out with the skin folds at the base of the tail adding realism.

The CollectA Kamuysaurus dinosaur model
The beautifully painted CollectA Kamuysaurus. A replica of a duck-billed dinosaur, known from one specimen discovered in marine sediments on the Japanese island of Hokkaido.

Japanese Dinosaurs

The flash of bright yellow leading from the orbit (eye socket) to the side of the animal’s beak contrasts with the more muted tones of the belly and flank which indicate counter shading. The dark stripes present on the limbs and along the neck, back and tail give the impression that this dinosaur would have been well camouflaged, a good defence against predators – although palaeontologists have yet to uncover any evidence to suggest the presence of large, terrestrial predators that shared the same palaeoenvironment.

CollectA Kamusaurus dinosaur model.
The CollectA Age of Dinosaurs Kamuysaurus model. A replica of a hadrosaurid from the Late Cretaceous of Japan. This new for 2021 dinosaur model is in stock at Everything Dinosaur.

The introduction of the CollectA Age of Dinosaurs Popular Kamuysaurus continues the trend of CollectA adding models of Japanese dinosaurs into their product portfolio. In 2019, a model of Fukuiraptor (F. kitadaniensis) an Early Cretaceous predator known from the island of Honshu was introduced. Approximately twelve months later CollectA added a Deluxe 1:40 scale version of the contemporaneous Fukuisaurus (F. tetoriensis).

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur exclaimed:

“It’s great to see another hadrosaurid model added to the CollectA range, even better to have a dinosaur representing the unique biota associated with the Late Cretaceous of Japan”.

CollectA Age of Dinosaurs Popular range Kamuysaurus dinosaur model.
The model has a row of small spines running from the back of the neck down to the tip of the long tail. These have been painted a magenta colour.

To purchase the new for 2021 CollectA Kamuysaurus and to see the rest of the range in the CollectA Age of Dinosaurs Popular range: CollectA Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal Models.

27 04, 2021

PNSO Paul the Allosaurus

By | April 27th, 2021|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Press Releases|0 Comments

Everything Dinosaur can confirm that PNSO intend to introduce a model of an Allosaurus into their mid-size model range. We expect this exciting new dinosaur, an iconic member of the dinosaur-dominated biota of the Morrison Formation to be in stock at Everything Dinosaur in the summer (2021).

PNSO Paul the Allosaurus
PNSO Paul the Allosaurus dinosaur model in lateral view.

Paul the Allosaurus

This new theropod replica is one of a plethora of model introductions that PNSO and Everything Dinosaur have announced over the last few months. Like the majority of the PNSO theropod figures in the larger ranges, this Allosaurus model will also have an articulated lower jaw.

PNSO Paul the Allosaurus dinosaur model
The new for 2021 PNSO Paul the Allosaurus dinosaur model has an articulated lower jaw, just like the majority of the theropod figures that PNSO have produced in the larger size model series.

Three Species in the Genus

The genus was first erected in 1877 (Othniel Charles Marsh), one of the many dinosaur genera named as fossils from the Morrison Formation of the western United States began to be uncovered and sent east for study. Most palaeontologists recognise three species in this genus, the most recent to be named Allosaurus jimmadseni was only formally scientifically described last year (2020). To read more about A. jimmadseni: A New Species of Allosaurus (A. jimmadseni).

PNSO Paul the Allosaurus dinosaur model
The stunning PNSO Paul the Allosaurus (anterior view).

Bilateral Crests Suggest Allosaurus jimmadseni

The picture (above) shows a close view of the head of the new PNSO Allosaurus model. A pair of bilateral nasal crests that run from the nostrils to the eye socket (orbit) can clearly be seen. This feature is absent in Allosaurus fragilis and since PNSO intended to introduce this model to celebrate the dinosaurs of the Morrison Formation, we have concluded that this figure is intended to represent Allosaurus jimmadseni.

PNSO Paul the Allosaurus dinosaur model
The new for 2021 PNSO Allosaurus replica (Paul the Allosaurus). The two bilateral crests that run from just above the eye socket (orbit) and down the snout indicate that this PNSO figure might be a replica of the recently named and described Allosaurus jimmadseni.

Paul the Allosaurus Model Measurements

Dinosaur model fans and collectors like to know about the size of any new figures and details of any potential scale. Although PNSO do not declare a scale for their model in the mid-size model range, the figure does measure 25 cm long and a potential scale can be calculated. For example, if the new PNSO Allosaurus is indeed a replica of A. jimmadseni, then if this dinosaur was around 8 metres in length, this suggests a scale of approximately 1:32.

PNSO Paul the Allosaurus dinosaur model measurements
The PNSO Paul the Allosaurus measures 25 cm long and it has a height of approximately 9 cm. Based on an Allosaurus fragilis being around 12 metres in length, team members at Everything Dinosaur estimate this model is in approximately 1:48 scale. However, should this model represent Allosaurus jimmadseni, then the scale would be different. The exact size of A. jimmadseni is not known but at an estimated 8 metres long, the PNSO figure would represent a dinosaur in 1:32 scale.

Checking on Availability

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur confirmed that there had been a meeting about PNSO yesterday but when Allosaurus would be in stock had not yet been confirmed. Team members anticipate that Paul the Allosaurus should be available in the summer (2021), but they were currently checking to see if more information could be provided.

PNSO Paul the Allosaurus product packaging
The PNSO Paul the Allosaurus product packaging.

The PNSO Paul the Allosaurus model will be supplied with a transparent support stand. It along with the recently introduced Stegosaurus figure celebrate the dinosaur biota associated with the famous Morrison Formation of the western United States.

PNSO Morrison Formation Dinosaurs
PNSO celebrating dinosaurs known from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of western North America.

To view the extensive range of PNSO models currently available from Everything Dinosaur: PNSO Prehistoric Animal Models and Figures.

26 04, 2021

Trilobites from Salem

By | April 26th, 2021|Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Photos/Pictures of Fossils|0 Comments

The global COVID-19 pandemic has affected lots of people in lots of ways. Times are tough and very challenging but spare a thought for those hard-working and dedicated fossil enthusiasts who rely on tourism for the bulk of their income.

One such person is Everything Dinosaur’s Facebook friend Salem Merdani. Living in Morocco, Salem has built up quite a successful business finding and preparing trilobites for tourists and fossil collectors.

Trilobite specimen (Phacops)
A carefully prepared trilobite specimen. One of the trilobite fossils collected and prepared by Salem Merdani.

Hard Times

With a young family to support Salem has found the last two years extremely difficult. The collapse of tourism in Morocco has put many fossil-selling companies into financial difficulties. Salem continues to work in his fossil preparation studio, but as the pandemic continues he wonders how long he will be able to keep going.

A stunning Moroccan trilobite (Paralejurus rehamnanus)
A beautifully prepared Moroccan trilobite (Paralejurus rehamnanus).
Trilobite specimen (Phacops speculator)
A Moroccan trilobite specimen (Phacops speculator).

Show Your Support

Salem sells his beautiful fossils via his WhatsApp group he can be contacted on – +212621149904.

If you have been thinking of making a fossil purchase, then why not pick up a piece of Palaeozoic treasure? Salem has his own Facebook page here: Moroccan Trilobites and Salem Merdani on Facebook.

25 04, 2021

Rebor G-2016 Embryos YouTube Review

By | April 25th, 2021|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur Products, Everything Dinosaur videos, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Product Reviews|0 Comments

We at Everything Dinosaur, might know our dinosaur and prehistoric animal models, but every once in a while we come across a replica that simply takes our breath away. Rebor have produced three astonishing figures depicting science fantasy embryos entombed in resin.

These replicas entitled the Rebor Oddities Specimen: G-2016 Embryos are beautifully engineered and we wanted to mark the release of these limited edition figures by producing a short YouTube video tribute.

Everything Dinosaur showcases the Rebor Oddities Specimen G-2016 embryo figures, namely Resinite (amber block), Bakelite (red block) and the clear Epoxide figure.

The Rebor Oddities Specimen: G-2016 Embryo in Bakelite is a brilliant, science-fiction/fantasy model from Rebor. In our video we praise the model’s innovative design.

The Rebor Oddities Specimen G-2016 Embryo (Bakelite)
The Rebor Oddities Specimen G-2016 Embryo. A science fiction/fantasy embryo encased in a resin block. A beautifully engineered and highly innovative replica.

Limited Edition Figures

Only 500 of each type of model has been made and stocks of these fascinating figures are already low.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“Whilst we do not pretend to understand all the cultural references, we have had a lot of orders from Asia for these stunning figures. We might be more used to examining a T. rex foetus as per a previous Rebor model introduction, but we have been bowled over by these beautifully figures. They certainly are very different.”

The Rebor Oddities Specimen: G-2016 Embryo (Epoxide)
The very striking Rebor Oddities Specimen: G-2016 Epoxide figure – clearly proving to be a big favourite amongst collectors.
Rebor Oddities Specimen: G-2016 (Resinite)
Only 500 of each figure has been made. These limited edition figures have proved very popular with collectors.
Rebor Odditites Specimen: G-2016 replicas
The Rebor Oddities Specimen: G-2016 replicas make an attractive display. The resinite figure (left), epoxide figure (centre) and the bakelite figure (right).

The Rebor range of prehistoric animal models and fantasy figures has expanded since its first production run some eight years ago. Rebor have produced some amazing and highly innovative figures and if these three limited edition replicas are anything to go by then model collectors are going to have some exciting times ahead.

To view the range of Rebor models and figures available at Everything Dinosaur: Rebor Models and Figures.

24 04, 2021

Preparing for Pachycephalosaurus

By | April 24th, 2021|Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Photos/Pictures of Fossils, Press Releases|0 Comments

As part of our commitment to education and science outreach activities, team members at Everything Dinosaur have been busy amending and updating information boards for a UK-based exhibitions company.

One of the many dinosaurs that we have been working on is Pachycephalosaurus (P. wyomingensis).

PNSO Pachycephalosaurus dinosaur model.
Austin the Pachycephalosaurus (P. wyomingensis). Everything Dinosaur’s work on the Pachycephalosaurus display boards coincided with the announcement from PNSO of a new for 2021 Pachycephalosaurus dinosaur model.

Austin the Pachycephalosaurus

The recently announced Austin the Pachycephalosaurus (PNSO), is due to be in stock at Everything Dinosaur later this year. The display boards we have been working on have to be finished in just a few days so they can be produced in time for outdoor events that are due to start in the UK next month (late May 2021).

A replica skull of Pachycephalosaurus wyomingensis.
Pachycephalosaurus wyomingensis replica skull. Everything Dinosaur team members took this photograph of a replica the skull of the North American member of the Pachycephalosauridae on a visit to the Oxford University Museum of Natural History.

Focusing on the Cranium and Taxonomy

The information we have provided to the exhibitions company focuses on the story of this dinosaur’s discovery and looks at some of the theories that have been proposed to explain the very thick skull bones, which in some specimens are more than 25 cm thick.

We have also provided information on Dracorex and Stygimoloch in a bid to explain that many palaeontologists do not think that these genera are valid. It is thought that Dracorex and Stygimoloch may represent juvenile specimens of P. wyomingensis.

23 04, 2021

PNSO to Introduce a Yutyrannus Model

By | April 23rd, 2021|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Press Releases|0 Comments

Today, might be St George’s Day (April 23rd), but team members at Everything Dinosaur have stopped all talk of “dragons” to post up news about a replica of the “feathered tyrant” being introduced by PNSO.

Yinqi the Yutyrannus (Y. huali) model in the PNSO mid-size model range has been announced in a joint release by Everything Dinosaur and representatives of the Chinese company.

PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus dinosaur model
The new for the summer of 2021 PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus dinosaur model.

The “Feathered Tyrant”

Known from three, nearly complete specimens found in Lower Cretaceous sediments in Liaoning Province, north-eastern China, Yutyrannus (Y. huali) translates as “beautiful, feathered tyrant”. Regarded as a basal member of the Tyrannosauroidea (primitive member of the tyrannosaur lineage), some of the fossilised feathers are more than fifteen cm long, demonstrating that even some extremely large theropods were feathered.

PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus
The PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus (anterior view).

PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus

The model measures around 25.5 cm long and the highest part of the raised tail is 12.3 cm off the ground. This is a beautifully detailed dinosaur model and a welcome addition to the PNSO mid-size model range.

PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus Model Measurements
The PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus model measurements.

The PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus will be available from Everything Dinosaur in the summer (estimated around July 2021).

With an Articulated Lower Jaw

The new PNSO tyrannosaur replica joins versions of Tyrannosaurus rex and Qianzhousaurus (Q. sinensis) in PNSO’s tyrannosaur range (mid-size models and larger). Just like the original “Wilson” the T. rex and A-Shu the Qianzhousaurus, Yinqi the Yutyrannus will have an articulated lower jaw.

PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus huali Dinosaur Model
PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus with an articulated jaw.

Celebrating the Jehol Biota

The introduction of this new figure (summer 2021), continues the trend whereby the Chinese manufacturer celebrates the dinosaur fauna associated with a specific geological formation. In this case, it is the Yixian Formation that forms one of the constituents of the famous Jehol biota.

PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus huali model
The PNSO Yutyrannus and the Microraptor are replicas of dinosaurs associated with the Jehol biota.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“PNSO have ambitious production plans for quarter 2 and 3 of 2021. We at Everything Dinosaur know what’s coming and we think dinosaur fans and model collectors are going to be enthralled with PNSO’s product offerings.”

PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus product packaging
The PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus is supplied with a small, transparent stand that when placed in the middle of the replica’s chest helps to support this dinosaur figure.

Supplied with a Support Stand

PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus will be supplied with a small, transparent stand that when placed in the middle of the model’s chest will help to support this dinosaur in its dynamic pose.

PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus dinosaur model
PNSO Yinqi the Yutyrannus (lateral view).

The PNSO Yutyrannus will be available from Everything Dinosaur in the summer of 2021. To view the current range of PNSO models and figures available from Everything Dinosaur: PNSO Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal Models.

22 04, 2021

Studying Spinosaurus

By | April 22nd, 2021|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Educational Activities, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page, Photos/Pictures of Fossils|0 Comments

Team members at Everything Dinosaur have been asked to cast their expert eyes over a display board that focusses on Spinosaurus (Spinosaurus aegyptiacus). Spinosaurus has become an increasingly popular dinosaur with children since it featured as the main protagonist in the third of the “Jurassic Park” films – “Jurassic Park III” that was released in 2001.

The public profile of this dinosaur was also boosted when it was featured in the first episode of the six-part BBC documentary series “Planet Dinosaur” that first aired ten years ago (2011).

Spinosaurus
From paddler to swimming the “evolving” image of Spinosaurus. The image (above) is from the BBC television series “Planet Dinosaur” that first aired in 2011. Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur/BBC.

“Spiny or Thorn Lizard”

Known from the Late Cretaceous of North Africa (Cenomanian faunal stage), Spinosaurus (S. aegyptiacus) is regarded by many palaeontologists as the largest theropod dinosaur known to science. Its exact size remains controversial with various size estimates and assessments of body mass having been made. Several studies have indicated that this carnivore could have reached lengths in excess of 15 metres and perhaps weighed as much as 20 tonnes.

The huge neural spines associated with Spinosaurus
A picture of those extended neural processes that may have supported a sail-like structure or perhaps a fleshy hump. Picture Credit: Washington University in St. Louis

A Dinosaur that Behaved Like a Crocodile

Much of what we know about Spinosaurus comes from research carried out over the last twenty-five years. Although it was named and scientifically described over a hundred years ago.

Spinosaurus (S. aegyptiacus), was described in 1915 by the famous German palaeontologist Ernst Stromer von Reichenbach based on fragmentary fossils found in series of expeditions to the Bahariya depression in the Western Desert of Egypt. Much of the fossil material collected during these expeditions was destroyed by allied bombing raids in World War II.

Everything Dinosaur team members have updated the information panel for the exhibition. The panel provides readers with details of some of the most recent research that suggests that Spinosaurus was quadrupedal and semi-aquatic.

Swimming Spinosaurus 2020
A pair of spinosaurids hunting the giant, prehistoric sawfish Onchopristis. Picture Credit: Davide Bonadonna/National Geographic.

The function of the enormous sail remains a mystery. This structure was formed by elongated spines that were extensions of the back vertebrae. The sail may have played a role in helping this large dinosaur keep cool (thermoregulation). It also may have played a role in visual communication between spinosaurs. The spines could even have supported a fleshy hump that stored reserves of fat. The display panel we have helped to prepare will help to tell the story of how our perceptions regarding “Spiny or Thorn Lizard” has changed over the years.

21 04, 2021

Preparing for Avaceratops

By | April 21st, 2021|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal Drawings, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Press Releases|0 Comments

Everything Dinosaur team members are eagerly awaiting the arrival of the Beasts of the Mesozoic Wave 2 ceratopsian figures. There are going to be another nine articulated, horned dinosaur models added to this exciting range and the shipment of models is already on the water heading to our warehouse. However, unlike other companies, we like to offer a little more with every Beasts of the Mesozoic model that we supply. Everything Dinosaur customers receive a fact sheet to accompany their Beasts of the Mesozoic ceratopsian. As a result, we have been reviewing existing data sheets and preparing three new ones specifically for Spiclypeus (S. shipporum), Wendiceratops (W. pinhornensis) and Avaceratops (A. lammersi).

Our work also involves us commissioning illustrations of dinosaurs so we can include a scale drawing in our fact sheet.

Avaceratops Scale Drawing
A scale drawing of Avaceratops lammersi known from the Judith River Formation of Montana (USA).

Helping to Educate and Inform

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“We might have had to stop our school visits due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, but we still have at the very heart of this business the ethos of helping to educate and inform. For all the Beasts of the Mesozoic articulated figures we have a fact sheet available that tells customers something about the science behind the model. We have all the first wave of the Ceratopsia covered and shortly we will have completed our work on the data sheets required for Wave 2.”

Beasts of the Mesozoic Avaceratops lammersi
The Beasts of the Mesozoic Avaceratops lammersi articulated dinosaur model. Part of the second wave of Beasts of the Mesozoic ceratopsians, the Avaceratops has nineteen points of articulation and is supplied with an Everything Dinosaur fact sheet.

The spokesperson added that these new articulated dinosaur models would be in stock at Everything Dinosaur in early May (2021).

To view the range of Beasts of the Mesozoic models and replicas available from Everything Dinosaur: Beasts of the Mesozoic “Raptors” and Horned Dinosaurs.

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