All about dinosaurs, fossils and prehistoric animals by Everything Dinosaur team members.
27 02, 2021

New for 2021 Safari Ltd Models in Stock

By | February 27th, 2021|Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Press Releases|0 Comments

New for 2021 Safari Ltd Models in Stock

The first of the new for 2021 Safari Ltd prehistoric animal models are in stock at Everything Dinosaur.  The Wild Safari Prehistoric World Baryonyx and the Mythical Realms armoured Triceratops have arrived at our warehouse.  These figures were due in March, but we were able to get these two models a little earlier than scheduled.  Safari Ltd will introduce a total of five new models this year, three dinosaurs and two armoured dinosaurs in the Mythical Realms series.

The Daspletosaurus, quadrupedal Spinosaurus and the armoured Tyrannosaurus rex in the Mythical Realm series are due to arrive in April, but as with the armoured Triceratops and the Baryonyx models, Everything Dinosaur team members will try and get these a little ahead of schedule if possible.

The New for 2021 Wild Safari Prehistoric World Baryonyx Dinosaur Model

Wild Safari Prehistoric World Baryonyx dinosaur model.

The new for 2021 Wild Safari Prehistoric World Baryonyx dinosaur model.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Putting armour on dinosaurs is an intriguing idea. It permits Safari Ltd to extend their range of models in their Mythical Realms series which incorporates strange animals from legend and folklore such as werewolves, dragons, mermaids and the Yeti.  The armoured Triceratops figure reminds us of the sort of dinosaur associated with the fantasy world Dinotopia created by artist and author James Gurney, who wrote a series of books about an island populated by people and dinosaurs.

The New for 2021 Armoured Triceratops Dinosaur Model

The Mythical Realms Armoured Triceratops.

The Safari Ltd Mythical Realms armoured Triceratops dinosaur model is now in stock at Everything Dinosaur.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

This brings a whole new meaning to the term “armoured dinosaur”.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“There are huge problems with global logistics at the moment.  The global coronavirus pandemic has left worldwide shipping in chaos.  There are extensive delays when it comes to the moving of goods around the world, the recent Chinese holidays associated with the Chinese Spring Festival otherwise known as the New Year Festival have added to the difficulties.  However, we had anticipated these problems and put contingencies in place which allowed us to bring in these two new for 2021 Safari Ltd figures slightly earlier than scheduled.”

The Five New for 2021 Safari Ltd Prehistoric Animal Models That Everything Dinosaur Will Stock

Five new for 2021 Safari Ltd prehistoric animal models.

The five new for 2021 Safari Ltd prehistoric animal models that Everything Dinosaur will be stocking.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The spokesperson added that the three remaining new for 2021 Safari Ltd figures (armoured T. rex, Daspletosaurus and the Spinosaurus), were scheduled to arrive in late April but team members would do all they could to get these models into stock as quickly as possible.

To view the range of Safari Ltd prehistoric animal models in stock at Everything Dinosaur including the Baryonyx and the new armoured Triceratops: Wild Safari Prehistoric World.

25 02, 2021

Coins Commemorate Mary Anning

By | February 25th, 2021|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Famous Figures, Main Page|0 Comments

Coin Collection Celebrates the Contribution of Mary Anning

The Royal Mint in collaboration with the London Natural History Museum has launched a commemorative coin collection honouring the celebrated palaeontology pioneer Mary Anning.  From selling seashells on the seashore to a coin collection which includes a gold proof coin valued at over £1,100.00 ($1,540.00 USD) featuring an image of an ichthyosaur, the contribution to science of the most famous former resident of Lyme Regis in Dorset is being honoured in a very special way.

One of the Commemorative Coins Features an Ichthyosaur

A coin features an ichthyosaur (Temnodontosaurus).

One of the coins that commemorates Mary Anning features an illustration of an ichthyosaur (Temnodontosaurus).

Picture Credit: The Royal Mint

The “Tales of the Earth” Series

This is the second coin collection in The Royal Mint’s “Tales of the Earth” series, celebrating the remarkable fossil record of the British Isles. Whilst the original series featured the first dinosaurs to be named and described (Iguanodon, Megalosaurus and the armoured dinosaur Hylaeosaurus), there are no dinosaurs on these three coins, after all, dinosaur fossil remains from the “Jurassic Coast” are exceptionally rare.  The marine shales explored by the Anning family in Georgian times revealed the remains of huge sea monsters and occasionally pterosaurs, such as Dimorphodon which features on another of the coins that make up this set.

Honouring Mary Anning – The First Fossil Remains of Dimorphodon Were Found in 1828

Coin honours Mary Anning.

From the Royal Mint, a coin has been issued which honours the discovery of the first pterosaur fossil in England by Mary Anning.

Picture Credit: The Royal Mint

The renowned British palaeo-artist Bob Nicholls who designed the trio of dinosaurs that featured on the first set of “Tales of the Earth” commemorative coins, returns to bring back to life three prehistoric creatures that reflect the contribution to palaeontology made by Mary Anning.  The third coin features a beautiful illustration of a Plesiosaurus.

A Plesiosaurus Features on One of the Commemorative Fifty Pence Coins

Honouring Mary Anning (Plesiosaurus 1823).

Picture Credit: The Royal Mint

With the assistance of Sandra Chapman of the Earth Sciences Department at the Natural History Museum, each of the coin design’s created by Bob Nicholls are a scientifically accurate reconstruction of the creatures and their ancient Early Jurassic environment.  By using the latest colour printing techniques, the intricate characteristics of each of the prehistoric marine reptiles have been captured to illustrate accurately how these creatures looked like on Earth millions of years ago, making them appear dynamic and adding a new level of visual fidelity to the coins.

Commemorative Coins to Celebrate the Contribution of Mary Anning

Coins minted to honour Mary Anning.

A trio of coins that have been minted to honour the contribution to science of Mary Anning.

Picture Credit: The Royal Mint

Commenting on the addition of this coin collection, the Divisional Director of Commemorative Coin at The Royal Mint, Clare Maclennan stated:

“It is an absolute pleasure to continue the popular Tales of the Earth commemorative 50p coin series in conjunction with the Natural History Museum.  The next collection in the series celebrates fossil hunter and pioneering palaeontologist Mary Anning, with three coin’s featuring Anning’s astonishing discoveries of Temnodontosaurus, Plesiosaurus and Dimorphodon.”

The coins each with a face value of fifty pence are available in a number of formats at various price points permitting coin collectors and dinosaur fans the opportunity to acquire them.  For the record, the gold coin valued at over £1,000 is a limited edition piece, just 250 have been produced.

The Temnodontosaurus Coin in a Presentation Acrylic Block

Acrylic block containing one of the Mary Anning commemorative coins.

An acrylic block which features the 50p commemorative Temnodontosaurus image honouring Mary Anning.

Picture Credit: The Royal Mint

A Mysterious Coin Found at Lyme Regis

Back in 2015 Everything Dinosaur reported on the discovery of a mysterious metal token that was found by a metal detectorist at Lyme Regis.  It was speculated that this coin-like object could have been the property of Mary Anning.  We wonder what Mary would have made of the coin collection created by The Royal Mint commemorating her contribution.

Did This Metal Token Once Belong to Mary Anning?

The Mary Anning Disc

Stamped on the disc are the words “Mary Anning and the year 1810 marked in Roman numerals.

Picture Credit: Lyme Regis Museum with additional annotation by Everything Dinosaur

To read more about the Mary Anning disc: Mysterious Token Linked to Mary Anning.

23 02, 2021

W-Dragon Spinosaurus Dinosaur Model

By | February 23rd, 2021|Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Press Releases, Product Reviews|0 Comments

W-Dragon Spinosaurus Dinosaur Model

Everything Dinosaur have commissioned a limited production run of the fantastic W-Dragon Spinosaurus dinosaur model.  This brilliant 1:35 scale Jurassic Park III replica comes complete with a display base.  It’s a very rare figure and it has just arrived in stock!  For dinosaur model collectors and fans of the W-Dragon range here is your chance to grab a piece of dinosaur model making history.

In Stock at Everything Dinosaur the W-Dragon Spinosaurus 1:35 Scale Dinosaur Model

W-Dragon Spinosaurus dinosaur model (1:35 scale).

The W-Dragon Spinosaurus dinosaur model (1:35 scale).  The PVC/resin figure is supplied with its own detailed display base.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

A Spectacular Figure

Measuring around 43 centimetres in length and with that beautifully painted sail some 22 centimetres off the ground, this is a spectacular dinosaur figure.  The model is surprisingly heavy.  It is made from a combination of PVC and resin, the resin component is concentrated in the legs and the centre of the body providing stability and ensuring that the legs on this stunning theropod do not warp over time.  The figure is so stable that it can balance without the need for its display base.

The W-Dragon Spinosaurus Model Stands Without the Need for a Display Base

The W-Dragon Spinosaurus model stands unaided (without the display base).

The combination of PVC and resin permits this dinosaur model to be extremely stable.  The W-Dragon Spinosaurus can stand without the need to place it on its display base.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Fantastic Details

The figure has been skilfully crafted.  Individual scales can be seen and the skin texture with its folds and creases is exceptional.   The colour scheme is superb and we appreciate the attention to detail such as the clear indication of an ear opening and the carefully painted green eyes.  Even the different sized teeth and their position in the jaw have been carefully replicated to provide an accurate representation of the dentition associated with the upper and lower jaws as found in the fossil record.

A Close-up View of the Beautifully Detailed Head of the W-Dragon Spinosaurus

W-Dragon Spinosaurus - a close view of the head.

A close-up view of the head of the W-Dragon Spinosaurus model.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

This is a most impressive Spinosaurus model.  Only a limited number have been made.  Everything Dinosaur commissioned a special production run of this highly collectable figure and with W-Dragon now focusing on their contract with Universal Studios it is unlikely that more Spinosaurus figures will be made for some considerable time.

A Most Impressive Addition to Any Dinosaur Model Collection

W-Dragon Spinosaurus dinosaur model.

The W-Dragon Spinosaurus dinosaur model on its display base.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

To view the W-Dragon Spinosaurus and the rest of the range of dinosaur models available from Everything Dinosaur: W-Dragon Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal Models.

22 02, 2021

A Jurassic Park Inspired Dinosaur Diorama

By | February 22nd, 2021|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products|0 Comments

A Jurassic Park Inspired Dinosaur Diorama

Our thanks to James who sent into Everything Dinosaur some photos of his Jurassic Park inspired dinosaur diorama.  James has used many of the prehistoric animal models he purchased from Everything Dinosaur to recreate some of his favourite scenes from the Jurassic Park/Jurassic World movie franchise.  There are lots of different dinosaur models and replicas featured in the photographs.

Can you identify all the prehistoric animal replicas and toys?

A Pack of Papo Velociraptors Confront a Dilophosaurus

Four against one! Velociraptor pack versus a Dilophosaurus.

Four Velociraptors confront a Dilophosaurus.  Four Papo Velociraptors confront a single Dilophosaurus.  The Dilophosaurus replica is the ITOY Studio Dilophosaurus figure.  A splendid and very colourful frill has been added to the Dilophosaurus making it very reminiscent to the Dilophosaurus “spitters” that were first seen in the original 1993 film Jurassic Park.

Picture Credit: James

A Tyrannosaurus rex About to Eat a Goat

A goat meets a T. rex

A goat about to have an unfortunate encounter with a Tyrannosaurus rex.

Picture Credit: James

The photograph (above), shows a T. rex about to consume a goat, a recreation of a famous scene from the film Jurassic Park, when the Tyrannosaurus rex makes its debut in the movie franchise.  The goat model is a PNSO Animals of Asia replica, can you work out which T. rex model is in the picture?

Tyrannosaurus rex Battles a Carnotaurus

T. rex defeats a Carnotaurus.

Tyrannosaurus rex fights a Carnotaurus.  In a dramatic recreation of a famous scene from the most recent film in the movie franchise, a Carnotaurus is attacked by a T. rex.

Picture Credit: James

In the latest film to be released in this franchise (Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom), that came out in 2018, there is a scene in which the hero Owen Grady (played by Chris Pratt) is saved from a Carnotaurus by the island’s T. rex.  James has recreated this scene and (below), he has depicted the scene that precedes the T. rex attack when the Carnotaurus does battle with a horned dinosaur.

A Carnotaurus Battles Sinoceratops

Carnotaurus battles Sinoceratops.

A Carnotaurus does battle with a Sinoceratops.

Picture Credit: James

The Carnotaurus is the Wild Safari Prehistoric World replica that was introduced in 2019.  The horned dinosaur is the excellent Nanmu Studio Sinoceratops dinosaur replica.

A Pair of Horned Dinosaurs in the Jurassic Park Paddock

Horned dinosaurs at Jurassic Park.

Pachyrhinosaurus and Sinoceratops roaming around Jurassic Park.  Horned dinosaurs at home in Jurassic Park.  The PNSO Pachyrhinosaurus can be seen in the foreground.

Picture Credit: James

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“Our thanks to James for sending in such a fantastic collection of images.  We think we can guess what his favourite film franchise is.”

A Close-up View of the ITOY Studio Dilophosaurus 

ITOY Studio Dilophosaurus in a Jurassic Park diorama.

The ITOY Studio Dilophosaurus dinosaur model features in the Jurassic Park diorama.  James has added small rocks, pieces of bark and made his own plant models.

Picture Credit: James

20 02, 2021

No Fake Reviews on Everything Dinosaur’s Websites

By | February 20th, 2021|Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page, Press Releases|1 Comment

No Fake Reviews on Everything Dinosaur’s Websites

All the reviews on Everything Dinosaur’s websites are 100% genuine.  We are very proud of our reputation for 5-star customer service and the thousands of Feefo reviews and product reviews published on our website: Everything Dinosaur are provided by real customers providing honest opinions.

We have recently been awarded (once again) the highest accolade that Feefo (an independent ratings company) offers, the Feefo Platinum Service Award.

Everything Dinosaur is an Award-winning Company

The Feefo platinum service award.

The Feefo Platinum Service Award.  Everything Dinosaur are award winners again!

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

With such a high profile it is not surprising that we get a few emails, some of them a little more unsavoury than most.  Take for example, this email we received earlier today.

“Hi Everythingdinosaur,

I will write and publish reviews on your business profiles from the verified/unverified accounts.  I will post each review on your requirements and specific time, which will increase your search results, ranking, ratings, sales, etc.

I will provide you reviews/comments on all reviews platforms, Trustpilot, Sitejabber, Facebook, Google, Kayak, eBay, Guildquality, Goodreads, ResellerRatings, Walmart, B&N, GlassDoor, Getapp, FanReviews, Quora, Angieslist, Financesonline, Choice, BBB, TestFreaks, Tripadvisor, Yellowpages, Foursquare, Appexchange, Consumer reports, and all other similar reviews websites.

We also provide ratings and reviews on Appstore, iTunes, Google Play Store, YouTube Subscribers, LinkedIn, Twitter, Instagram, Facebook Business page, Facebook posts, likes, comments and followers, Facebook Group members, and all other similar services.

Our group is spread around the world, that’s means I am able to provide you any specific country IP-based reviews/services “France, Spain, USA, Canada, UK, China, PK, Germany, Russia, Hong Kong, Australia, etc”.

We can write detailed review contents for your business profile, or you can use your own contents.”

Unfortunately, there is a growing market in fake reviews.  Everything Dinosaur’s customers, fans and followers can be assured that every review on our websites or social media pages is absolutely genuine.  We would never employ such deceitful practices, the email was picked up by one of our many spam filters and rest assured it was subsequently deleted.

To see our reviews on the Feefo website: Read Everything Dinosaur Reviews on Feefo.

17 02, 2021

Million-Year-Old DNA Sheds Light on Mammoth Evolution

By | February 17th, 2021|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Main Page, Photos/Pictures of Fossils|0 Comments

Million-Year-Old DNA Sheds Light on Mammoth Evolution

A paper that sheds light on the evolutionary history of the mammoth has been published this week.  Scientists led by researchers from the Centre for Palaeogenetics (a joint venture between Stockholm University and the Swedish Museum of Natural History), sequenced DNA recovered from mammoth remains that are up to 1.2 million years old.  The analyses revealed that the Columbian mammoth which inhabited North America during the last ice age was a hybrid between the woolly mammoth and a previously unknown genetic lineage of mammoth.  Furthermore, the study provides new insights into when and how fast mammoths became adapted to cold climate.

Ancient Mammoth DNA Provides New Insights into How These Mammals Adapted to Cold Climates

Siberian Steppe Mammoths.

Siberian Steppe mammoths provided their descendants with many adaptations that helped these descendants adapt and thrive in cold environments.

Picture Credit: Beth Zaiken (Centre for Palaeogenetics)

Commenting on the importance of this study, senior author Love Dalén, a Professor of evolutionary genetics at the Centre for Palaeogenetics stated:

“This DNA is incredibly old.  The samples are a thousand times older than Viking remains and even pre-date the existence of humans and Neanderthals.”

Tracing the Evolutionary History of an Iconic Ice Age Elephant

Around one million years ago there were no Columbian or Woolly mammoths, these creatures had not evolved.  This was the time of their predecessor, the Steppe mammoth (Mammuthus trogontherii), a prehistoric elephant which was very widely dispersed across Eurasia.  Fossils have been found in the UK, perhaps most famously at West Runton on the Norfolk coast.  Steppe mammoth fossils are also known from much of Europe and as far away as China.  The research team extracted tiny amounts of DNA from mammoth teeth ranging in age from around 700,000 to 1.2 million years of age, that had been found eroding out of the Siberian permafrost.

An Illustration of Mammuthus trogontherii (Steppe Mammoth)

Steppe Mammoth illustration.

An illustration of a Steppe mammoth (Mammuthus trogontherii).

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Professor Dalén added:

“This is the first time that DNA has been sequenced and authenticated from million-year-old specimens and extracting the DNA from the samples was challenging.”

Unexpected Results

Analyses of the genomes showed that the oldest specimen, which was approximately 1.2 million years old, belonged to a previously unknown genetic lineage of mammoth.  The researchers refer to this as the Krestovka mammoth, based on the Siberian locality where the fossil teeth were found.  Writing in the academic journal Nature, the scientists report that the Krestovka mammoth diverged from other Siberian mammoths more than two million years ago.

Tom van der Valk from the Centre for Palaeogenetics, the paper’s  lead author explained:

“This came as a complete surprise to us.  All previous studies have indicated that there was only one species of mammoth in Siberia at that point in time, called the Steppe mammoth.  But our DNA analyses now show that there were two different genetic lineages, which we here refer to as the Adycha mammoth and the Krestovka mammoth.  We can’t say for sure yet, but we think these may represent two different species.”

The Columbian Mammoth was a Hybrid

The research team proposes that it was mammoths that belonged to the Krestovka lineage that colonised North America some 1.5 million years ago.  Furthermore, the analyses show that the Columbian mammoth that inhabited North America during the last ice age, was a hybrid.  Roughly half of its genome came from the Krestovka lineage and the other half from the Woolly mammoth.

Co-author Patrícia Pečnerová from the Swedish Museum of Natural History commented:

“This is an important discovery.  It appears that the Columbian mammoth, one of the most iconic Ice Age species of North America, evolved through a hybridisation that took place approximately 420 thousand years ago.”

Genomic Data (DNA) Extracted from a Mammoth Tooth Approximately 1.2 Million Years Old

The Krestokva mammoth tooth.

Views of the mammoth tooth more than 1.2 million years old from which ancient DNA was extracted.  Note scale bar = 5 cm.

Picture Credit: Natural History Museum of Stockholm

Plotting Mammoth Evolution

The scientists could now compare the genome from mammoths covering a span of one million years.  This made it possible to investigate how mammoths became adapted to a life in cold environments and to what extent these adaptations evolved during the speciation process.  The analyses showed that gene variants associated with life in the Arctic, such as hair growth, thermoregulation, fat deposits, cold tolerance and circadian rhythms, were already present in the million-year-old mammoth, long before the origin of the Mammuthus primigenius (Woolly mammoth).  These results suggest that most adaptations in the mammoth lineage happened slowly and gradually over time.

It may be possible to recover even older DNA from the permafrost of Siberia.   The researchers speculate that genomic data could be recovered from fossilised teeth that dates back more than two million years, perhaps as far back into deep time as 2.6 million years.  Unfortunately, there is a limit to what can be achieved with the current technology and prior to 2.6 million years ago, there was no permafrost where ancient DNA could have been preserved.

The mammoth DNA represents the oldest genomic data known to science.  In 2013, Everything Dinosaur reported on genomic data that was recovered from the leg bone of horse found in Canada.  The horse specimen was approximately 700,000 years old.  To read more about this remarkable research: The Rocking Horse – Ancient Fossil Decodes Horse Evolution.

Everything Dinosaur acknowledges the assistance of a media release from the Centre for Palaeogenetics in the compilation of this article.

The scientific paper: “Million-year-old DNA sheds light on the genomic history of mammoths” by Tom van der Valk, Patrícia Pečnerová, David Díez-del-Molino, Anders Bergström, Jonas Oppenheimer, Stefanie Hartmann, Georgios Xenikoudakis, Jessica A. Thomas, Marianne Dehasque, Ekin Sağlıcan, Fatma Rabia Fidan, Ian Barnes, Shanlin Liu, Mehmet Somel, Peter D. Heintzman, Pavel Nikolskiy, Beth Shapiro, Pontus Skoglund, Michael Hofreiter, Adrian M. Lister, Anders Götherström and Love Dalén published in the journal Nature.

14 02, 2021

Dinosaurs and St Valentine’s Day

By | February 14th, 2021|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, Photos|0 Comments

Dinosaurs and St Valentine’s Day

Today, February 14th is St Valentine’s Day in the UK (and elsewhere in the world too).  It is the feast day of St Valentine, a day associated with romance.  Romance and the Dinosauria might be an unusual mix, but we are reminded of an article we published nearly five years ago that reported upon some remarkable research into dinosaur trace fossils that possibly shed light on the mating behaviour of “terrible lizards”.

Writing in the academic journal “Scientific Reports”, a team of scientists from Poland, China, South Korea and the USA concluded that a series of trace fossils consisting of pits, scrapes and gouges associated with Upper Cretaceous strata located in western Colorado, preserve evidence of dinosaurs engaging in courtship and mating behaviours similar to modern birds.

Dinosaurs Go a Wooing

Courtship of dinosaurs.

An artist imagines the Cretaceous courtship scene.  Gouges and scrapes preserved in sandstone strata that is estimated to be around 100 million years old, preserve evidence of dinosaurs engaging in courtship and mating behaviours similar to extant birds.

Picture Credit: Lida Xing and Yujiang Han / University of Colorado, Denver

The connection between dinosaurs and Aves (birds) is well established.  However, to what extent can we view the behaviour of modern-day birds and infer behaviours in their long extinct relatives?  Thanks to some research published in 2016 in the academic journal “Scientific Reports”, palaeontologists may have gained an insight into the courtship and mating behaviours of theropod dinosaurs.

To view the original Everything Dinosaur article from 2016:Dance of the Dinosaurs.

The scientific paper: “Theropod courtship: large scale physical evidence of display arenas and avian-like scrape ceremony behaviour by Cretaceous dinosaurs” by Martin G. Lockley, Richard T. McCrea, Lisa G. Buckley, Jong Deock Lim, Neffra A. Matthews, Brent H. Breithaupt, Karen J. Houck, Gerard D. Gierliński, Dawid Surmik, Kyung Soo Kim, Lida Xing, Dal Yong Kong, Ken Cart, Jason Martin and Glade Hadden published in the journal Scientific Reports.

13 02, 2021

Providing Data on Baryonyx

By | February 13th, 2021|Dinosaur Fans, Educational Activities, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products, Teaching|0 Comments

Producing a Display Board About Baryonyx

Our project work continues despite the lockdown (COVID-19).  For example, in anticipation of outdoor events and exhibitions in the UK starting up again in the summer of 2021 an events company has requested the assistance of Everything Dinosaur team members to help them provide suitable dinosaur-themed data for a series of prehistoric animal display boards being prepared for an exhibition.

One of the theropods we have been asked to help with is Baryonyx (B. walkeri), the first fossils of which were brought to the attention of science back in 1983.  This dinosaur was formally described in 1986 (Charig and Milner).

A Model of the Theropod Dinosaur Baryonyx (B. walkeri)

CollectA Baryonyx dinosaur model.

The CollectA Deluxe 1:40 scale Baryonyx dinosaur model, photographed outside.  A recently introduced model of Baryonyx with a human figure providing an approximate scale.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Information for the Display Board

Name: Baryonyx (B. walkeri).
Means: Heavy Claw.
Period: Early Cretaceous, about 125 million years ago.
Where have Baryonyx fossils been found: England, Spain, (Europe).

In 1983, amateur fossil hunter, William Walker discovered parts of a giant claw, a claw bone and a tail bone whilst exploring a clay pit in Ockley, Surrey.  Palaeontologists from the British Museum (now known as the Natural History Museum) in London were despatched to investigate and this led to the recovery of approximately 70% of the skeleton of a new type of theropod dinosaur.  The huge claw, after which Baryonyx is named, measures over 30 cm along its curve.  It is possible that Baryonyx used this claw to hook fish out of water, while hunting on riverbanks.  The fossils found in the Surrey clay pit came from a dinosaur that was not fully grown.  Baryonyx could have measured up to 9.5 metres long, 2.5 metres high at the hips and probably weighed over 2 tonnes.

Dinosaurs Associated with the Wealden Group

A reconstruction of the Isle of Wight in the Lower Cretaceous

The prehistoric animals associated with the Wealden Group (Isle of Wight).  A Baryonyx feasts on the carcase of an Iguanodon, whilst a herd of sauropods (Pelorosaurus) passes by on the right.  The Baryonyx may not have too long to feed as a Neovenator approaches from the left.

Picture Credit: John Sibbick

12 02, 2021

Happy Birthday Charles Darwin

By | February 12th, 2021|Famous Figures, Main Page|0 Comments

Happy Birthday Charles Darwin

From the Beagle to barnacles, today marks the 212th anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin, the famous English naturalist who shaped modern science with his theories related to natural selection and evolution.  Born this day in 1809, Darwin travelled to the Galapagos Islands aboard HMS Beagle and his observations about the fauna he encountered during his voyage through much of the Southern Hemisphere led him to speculate that organisms changed over time by a process of natural selection.  When Darwin’s theories were finally published in 1859 in the soon to be famous book “On the Origin of Species by Natural Selection*“, there was a great deal of controversy generated.

Young Charles Darwin

Young Charles Darwin.

An image of a young Charles Darwin.

Picture Credit: Darwin Heirlooms Trust

His studies of the natural world, including research into barnacles and his ground-breaking classification of the infraclass Cirripedia (barnacles are a marine arthropod), helped to establish his reputation in zoological circles.  His work remains a cornerstone within biology and related disciplines including palaeontology.

Happy 212th birthday Charles Darwin.

*Like a lot of Victorian academic publications Darwin’s famous book had a very long title, the full title of the 1859 publication is “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life”.

An avid collector, Darwin amassed a huge number of samples and specimens over his long career, some of his collection still contains a few surprises.  To read a related article about Darwin’s extensive and remarkable collection: The Lost Fossils and a Cabinet of Curiosities.

10 02, 2021

The Beasts of the Mesozoic Triceratops (sub-adult) Model

By | February 10th, 2021|Adobe CS5, Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Photos of Everything Dinosaur Products|0 Comments

The Beasts of the Mesozoic Triceratops (sub-adult) Model

We have received some requests to post up more photographs of the popular Beasts of the Mesozoic sub-adult Triceratops dinosaur model.  Our team members are always willing to oblige so we produced a short blog post that features some more pictures of the Beasts of the Mesozoic Triceratops horridus.

The Beasts of the Mesozoic Articulated Triceratops Dinosaur Model (sub-adult Triceratops horridus)

The Beasts of the Mesozoic Triceratops (sub-adult) articulated figure.

The beautiful Beasts of the Mesozoic Triceratops (sub-adult) articulated figure.  This is one of nine members of the Ceratopsia in the first wave of the popular Beasts of the Mesozoic series.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

This one of the largest of the first wave of ceratopsian models created, this is appropriate as T. horridus is regarded as one of the biggest of all the horned dinosaurs described to date.

The Beasts of the Mesozoic Triceratops Model is Around 27 cm in Length

Beasts of the Mesozoic sub-adult Triceratops dinosaur model is approximately 27 cm long.

The Beasts of the Mesozoic sub-adult Triceratops dinosaur model is approximately 27 cm long.  The model has twenty points of articulation and the manufacturer declares a scale of 1:18.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

In 1/18th Scale

A replica of one of the most popular of all the dinosaurs, the Beasts of the Mesozoic Triceratops is a very colourful figure with twenty points of articulation.  Measuring a fraction under 27 cm in length it is also one of the largest of the first wave of ceratopsian figures created by this company, even though the figure represents a sub-adult.  The model has a declared scale of 1:18 and it represents a dinosaur that lived towards the very end of the Cretaceous.  Palaeontologists have estimated that the temporal range of Triceratops horridus was from 66.8 to 66.4 million years ago (Maastrichtian faunal stage of the Late Cretaceous).  It was superseded by Triceratops prorsus which it is believed it was an ancestor of.  Hell Creek Formation fossils also suggest an as yet, unnamed intermediate species between T. horridus and the younger T. prorsus.

A Dorsal View of the Beasts of the Mesozoic Triceratops Dinosaur Model

The Beasts of the Mesozoic Triceratops sub-adult model (dorsal view).

A dorsal (top down) view of the Beasts of the Mesozoic Triceratops (sub-adult) dinosaur model.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

To view the gorgeous Beasts of the Mesozoic sub-adult T. horridus and the rest of the articulated figures in the Beasts of the Mesozoic range: Beasts of the Mesozoic Models.

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