All about dinosaurs, fossils and prehistoric animals by Everything Dinosaur team members.
//November
20 11, 2010

Last Safe Posting Dates for Surface Mail (Western Europe) Approaches

By | November 20th, 2010|Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page, Press Releases|0 Comments

Tuesday 23rd – Last Recommended Posting Date for Surface Mail

The Holocene is certainly whizzing by, and another Christmas is nearly upon us.  We at Everything Dinosaur, do all we can to pack and despatch parcels out to customers as quickly as possible.  Once again, a number of our team members are busy this morning (Saturday) packing orders to ensure that they are collected today (Saturday) by our especially arranged collection.

Please note, the last recommended posting date for surface mail deliveries to western Europe is rapidly approaching.  The last “safe” posting date for goods sent to western Europe by international surface mail is Tuesday 23rd November.  Parcels sent after this date, may not reach their destination in time for Christmas.  This time of year international postal delivery networks are increasingly stretched so please, please, order as early as possible to give your parcels and gifts every chance.  Of course airmail services are still available after 23rd November.

To learn more about the last safe posting dates for Christmas gifts, please visit our web log article which provides further information:

Christmas Post: Recommended Posting Dates for Christmas 2010

19 11, 2010

Dinosaur Themed Christmas Gift – Dinosaur Models in a Net

By | November 19th, 2010|Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur videos, Main Page|0 Comments

Dinosaur Models in a Net – An Inexpensive Gift

Looking for a easy, inexpensive, yet creative Christmas gift?  Why not try a “Dinosaurs in a Net Set” from Everything Dinosaur.  Here is a short video that explains how to create your very own and unique dinosaur model gift set, a gift that will cost you a fraction of what you spend if you have to buy something similar on the high street.

“Dinosaurs in a Net Set” from Everything Dinosaur

Video Credit: Everything Dinosaur

This is a simple idea, one that will appeal no doubt to mums and dads purchasing dinosaur models and toys for their  young dinosaur fans.  After all, dinosaur toys are a big hit at Christmas.

18 11, 2010

Fact sheets, Fact sheets and more Fact sheets

By | November 18th, 2010|Educational Activities, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page|0 Comments

Update on Everything Dinosaur Prehistoric Animal Fact sheet Production

For every named prehistoric animal that is represented in the Everything Dinosaur product range, from Palaeozoic invertebrates right up to prehistoric Ice Age mammals, we research and write a fact sheet on that animal.

Over the last six years or so, our team members have built up an extensive library, working on a huge variety of prehistoric creatures, we can’t say that we merely focus on extinct animals anymore, as a few months ago we added a Coelacanth fact sheet to our inventory.  Although, very much endangered, there are at least two species of the genus Latimeria extant (alive today) and known to modern science.

For each fact sheet, we commission a scale drawing so that readers can appreciate how big the animals were in relation to a fully grown adult human.  We provide information on the fossils found, who first discovered them, where the fossils were discovered and when.  We provide information on the likely diet (with T. rex that was easy, but for Therizinosaurs and Oviraptorids things get a little more tricky).  Team members try to add little snippets of information that would not be found in a reference book, something unusual about the particular animal being written about.

We have just been briefed on the new fact sheet and drawing requirements for 2011, at least another eight fact sheets with illustrations will be required for the spring.  Some dinosaurs but mostly other extinct reptiles.

Looks like our researchers and writers at Everything Dinosaur are going to be very busy.

17 11, 2010

Chasmosaurus Pronunciation

By | November 17th, 2010|Dinosaur Fans, Educational Activities, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page|0 Comments

The Pitfalls of Dinosaur Pronunciation

With a new dinosaur species being announced on average once every twenty days or so, it can be hard keeping up with all the developments in the dinosaur family tree.  One of the biggest problems we have when reading a scientific paper is the fact that in almost every paper or journal we have ever encountered, there isn’t a handy pronunciation guide provided.

This can cause problems when determining how a dinosaur, or indeed any other extinct organism name should be said.  We are not alone with this problem, a number of extinct animals are pronounced in slightly different ways by palaeontologists, remember the great debate about how to exactly say the genus Diplodocus for example.

One of the dinosaurs most commonly tripped over by young dinosaur fans when it comes to its name being said out loud is the dinosaur genus known as Chasmosaurus.  The name is not as tongue-twistingly difficult as some members of the Dinosauria, for example Micropachycephalosaurus (mike-row-pack-ee-sep-hal-low-sore-us), things become worse when you have to pronounce the formal binomial classification, i.e. the genus and the species name together, in this instance Micropachycephalosaurus hongtuyanensis.

Chasmosaurus, for example Chasmosaurus belli, is known from extensive fossil material found in western North America from as far north as Alberta; to the deep south of the United States (Texas).  This five metre long, Late Cretaceous horned dinosaur, (Ceratopsian) is one of the most studied of all Campanian (Campanian faunal stage) Ornithischian dinosaurs.  However, the name still catches out the unwary.

An Illustration of Chasmosaurus

“Chasm Lizard”

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

To view a model of Chasmosaurus: Dinosaur Toys for Boys and Girls – Dinosaur Models

Despite this dinosaur being known about for almost 140 years, its name can still catch you out if you are not careful.  This dinosaur’s name means “Chasm Lizard”, from the Latin chasma which itself is derived from the Greek khasma which means “gaping hollow”.  This is why sometimes the meaning for this dinosaur’s name is stated as “Ravine Lizard”.  Anyway, the trick to saying this name correctly is to remember the original Greek root – Chasmosaurus is not stated as “Chas-mow-sore-us” as in “Chas and Dave” for example.  It is pronounced “Kaz-mow-sore-us”.

Following an extensive revision of the fossil material in the mid 1990s, the number of species assigned to the Chasmosaurus genus has been greatly reduced, but undoubtedly new species will come to light and there is a good chance that the unwary reader of a news article or report on a discovery will make the mistake that has haunted this dinosaur for all of its near 140 years of being known to science – the name will be pronounced incorrectly.

16 11, 2010

“Egg-citing” News Scientists Crack Open Mystery of Dinosaur Diversity

By | November 16th, 2010|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Main Page|0 Comments

Early Jurassic Dinosaur Eggs Provide Clues to Dinosaur Diversity

A team of scientists have been going to work on an egg, as they study 190 million year old dinosaur eggs and the tiny embryos they contain in a bid to learn more about how dinosaurs diversified.

The research’s lead author, palaeontologist Robert Reisz of the University of Toronto stated that the study:

“Opens an exciting window into the early history and evolution of the dinosaurs.”

The fossils of two unborn baby dinosaurs, still preserved in their eggs, were discovered in South Africa in 1976. They had remained in storage for more than three decades and it was only with the development of new imaging techniques and powerful X-ray based scanning devices that has allowed scientists to explore and study their contents.

The eggs were laid by a primitive dinosaur known as Massopondylus (the name means “massive vertebrae”).  Massopondylus was a member of the Prosauropods, a group of long-necked, lizard-hipped dinosaurs regarded by many scientists as a basal member of the Sauropodomorphs – a group of plant-eating dinosaurs that were to evolve into the largest land living animals of all time, giants like the Late Jurassic Diplodocus and Titanosaurs such as Saltasaurus.

The Massopondylus embryos, dating from approximately 190 million years ago, (Pliensbachian faunal stage) are believed to be the oldest embryos ever found from a land dwelling vertebrate.  The study, published in this month’s issue of the Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology was co-written by two of Reisz’s colleagues – David Evans and Diane Scott, aided by U.S. based scientist Hans-Dieter Sues of the Washington-based National Museum of Natural History.

The twenty centimetre long, fossil embryos have provided the scientists with a great deal of information on how these babies once hatched would have developed into five metre long adults – the embryos are helping scientists to understand more about dinosaur growth and development, the study of the development of individuals to an adult state is called ontogeny.

An Artist’s Impression of the Baby Massospondylus

 

Picture credit: Heidi Richter

Commenting on the research work, Dr. Reisz added:

“Prosauropods are the first dinosaurs to diversity extensively and they quickly became the most widely spread group, so their biology is particularly interesting as they represent in many ways the dawn of the age of dinosaurs.”

The exact taxonomic relationship between the Prosauropods and Sauropods is still debated, some scientists assert that the Prosauropods are ancestral to the rest of the Sauropod clade, whereas others argue that they are not basal to the group.  However, a study of such perfectly preserved baby dinosaurs is providing researchers with a new understanding of just exactly how these dinosaurs grew and developed.

To read an article about the discovery of an ancestral Sauropod: The Mother of all Sauropods?

While the embryos had “relatively long front limbs and disproportionately large heads,” the research paper reports, the five metre long adults they would have become in maturity “had relatively tiny heads and long necks” typical of Diplodocus and its Sauropod cousins.  The embryos are providing the research team with a better understanding of distil growth, as many vertebrate babies have different body proportions than their adult forms.  This is helping to highlight connections between the development of dinosaur infants and that of other back-boned animals including mammals.

In a summary of the team’s findings it is stated that:

“In at least one way, Massospondylus development resembles that of humans; infancy is awkward, and a more erect stance and evenly proportioned body only comes later.”

The fact that the babies may be born relatively helpless also provides a valuable insight into dinosaur parental care.  The scans of the embryos reveal that the babies had no teeth and this, combined with their awkward bodies suggests that the hatchlings may have been looked after for some time by their parents – altricial care.  If this is proved to be the case, then these fossils also represent the oldest record of parental care.

In the past, scientists assumed that huge Sauropods were too large and ungainly to run the risk of having young animals under their feet.  It was thought that Sauropods laid eggs in a nest but then abandoned the nest leaving any hatchlings to fend for themselves. This study when discussed in conjunction with the recent trace fossil of a Sauropod trackway which suggest young Sauropods walking close to an adult, may provide clues to indicate that these leviathans may have had a greater degree of parental care than previously thought.

To read more about the Sauropod trackway: Running with Baby Dinosaurs

15 11, 2010

Pterosaurs “Pole-Vaulted” to Become Airborne

By | November 15th, 2010|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Main Page, Palaeontological articles|0 Comments

New Study Suggests Large Pterosaurs Used Their Arms and Legs to Get off the Ground

A new study published in the open access and online journal PLoS One (Public Library of Science) suggests that the largest of the Pterosaurs launched themselves into the air by using the powerful muscles of their legs and arms to push off from the ground, effectively pole-vaulting over their wings.  Once airborne these huge creatures could fly long distances using air currents to help them stay aloft with the minimum of effort, just like many large birds do today.

Pterosaurs, otherwise known as flying reptiles are an extinct group of reptiles that evolved in the Triassic and survived until the very end of the Cretaceous.  Their wings were formed out of skin that stretched from the body over the forelimbs and along an elongated fourth finger that acted as a supporting strut for the wing membrane.  A number of unrelated reptile groups had taken up gliding since the Permian Period, most likely to exploit food resources in trees and to escape from predators.  An example of an early glider would be a genus like Kuehneosaurus.  However, active flight in vertebrates, that is, being able to control movements in the air under the power of their own muscles, was first seen in the Pterosaurs.  For millions of years, these highly specialised Archosaurs, had the skies to themselves.  With the evolution of the birds, slowly but surely this once spectacular and diverse group of reptiles went into decline.

The last types of Pterosaurs to evolve were huge.  The very last kinds of Pterosaur that survived into the Maastrichtian faunal stage of the Cretaceous belonged mainly to a family of flying reptiles known as the Azhdarchids – huge creatures like Quetzalcoatlus northropi with a wingspan in excess of 12 metres.  Scientists had puzzled for many years over how these very large and quite heavy creatures were able to launch themselves into the air in order to fly.

An Illustration of a Late Cretaceous Azhdarchidae Pterosaur – Quetzalcoatlus northropi

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Indeed, a recent theory regarding the largest of the Azhdarchidae, suggested that these reptiles, some of which were as tall as a modern giraffe, did not fly very much at all.  Instead, they roamed the Cretaceous plains, like Secretary birds; stalking small animals in the undergrowth and snatching up unwary creatures, including baby dinosaurs with their long, sharp toothless beaks.

To read an article on this theory: Getting Stalked by a Flock of Quetzalcoatlus

The research was conducted by Dr. Mark Witton, a palaeontologist from the University of Portsmouth, a specialist in Pterosaur evolution and flight mechanics.  He was aided and assisted by Dr. Michael Habib from Chatham University (Pennsylvania).  The two scientists examined the bones of giant Pterosaurs to see if they could work how these bizarre creatures could have become airborne.  They concluded that these animals may have literally pole-vaulted themselves up into the air.

A Pterosaur “Pole-Vaulting” into the Air

Pterosaur becomes airborne

Picture Credit: Dr. Mark Witton

Another, top class illustration by Dr. Mark Witton shows a Pterosaur, in this instance a member of the Pteranodontidae family, a Pteranodon longiceps taking to the air, by springing off the ground using its immensely strong arms.

Many Pterosaur fossils have been found in strata laid down in what was a marine environment.  This suggest that these particular flying reptiles lived close to the sea.  They could have launched themselves into the air by leaping from a cliff face, in the same way that many seabirds do today.  However, for those fossils of large Pterosaurs found in non-marine strata, how they would have become airborne remained more problematical.  A thorny problem that now the UK and USA based researchers suggest they have a solution to.

They examined the fossil evidence and avoided trying to compare and contrast the Pterosaurs with Aves (birds).

Dr. Witton commentated:

”Most birds take off either by running to pick up speed and jumping into the air before flapping wildly, or if they’re small enough, they may simply launch themselves into the air from a standstill.  Previous theories suggested that giant Pterosaurs were too big and heavy to perform either of these manoeuvres and therefore they would have remained on the ground.”

However, if birds are disregarded, and the fossil evidence examined with an emphasis on anatomical features, wing proportions and muscle attachment scars on the pneumatised Pterosaur bones, then it becomes clear that these flying reptiles would have achieved flight in a very different way compared to their feathered counterparts.

The Light but very Strong Pterosaur Skeleton

Light but Strong

Picture Credit: Saku Takakusaki

Dr. Witton stated:

”These creatures were not birds, they were flying reptiles with a distinctly different skeletal structure, wing proportions and muscle mass.  They would have achieved flight in a completely different way to birds and would have had a lower angle of take off and initial flight trajectory.  The anatomy of these creatures is unique.”

The two doctors propose that Pterosaurs with up to 50 kilogrammes of forelimb muscle, could easily have propelled themselves into the air despite their huge size and considerable weight.

Previous theories have asserted that the largest of the Pterosaurs could have been six metres in height with a wingspan of up to 12 metres but the researchers argue that five metres high with a 10 metre wingspan would have been perhaps more accurate.

Commenting on the strength of the forelimbs, Dr. Witton said:

”The size of the flight muscles in a giant Pterosaur would be incredible; they alone would be up to 50kg (110lbs) and account for 20% of the animal’s total mass providing tremendous power and lift.”

Dr. Habib added:

”Scientists have struggled for decades to figure out how giant Pterosaurs could become airborne and some recent proposals have simply assumed it must have been impossible.  But they may have approached the problem from the wrong end, instead of taking off with their legs alone, like birds, Pterosaurs probably took off using all four of their limbs.”

This method of launching into the air, would be unique to the Pterosaurs, if true, it might help to explain how they were able to grow to such huge sizes, with many genera of Pterosaur far bigger in size than the largest flying birds today.

Dr. Habib concluded:

”By using their arms as the main engines for launching instead of their legs, they use the flight muscles, the strongest in their bodies, to take off and that gives them potential to launch much greater weight into the air.  This may explain how Pterosaurs became so much larger than any other flying animals known.”

The researchers examined anatomical aspects of large Pterosaur skeletons calculating the relative strength of the bones and assessed the animal’s likely performance when “flap gliding” – the form of flight most likely to have been undertaken by these large creatures.  The team concluded that not only could flying reptiles the size of a bus, fly, they could do so extremely well and probably travelled vast distances crossing oceans and continents.  Recent studies of endocasts of Pterosaur brains and other elements related to skull morphology suggest that these animals had keen senses and a great sense of balance – just what is required for active, powered flight.

The scientists found that it was unlikely that the flying reptiles would need to flap continuously to remain aloft once airborne.  Instead these creatures would flap powerfully in short bursts with their large size allowing them to achieve rapid cruising speeds.

Commenting on this aspect of their study, Dr. Witton said:

”Pterosaurs had incredibly strong skeletons, for their weight, they are probably amongst the strongest ever evolved.  And, unlike birds, where the wings become relatively weak as they grow in size, those of Pterosaurs do the opposite: they become stronger.  As Pterosaurs became larger, they reinforced their wings and expanded their flight muscles to ensure they could keep flying.”

A fascinating insight into how, Pterosaurs could perhaps have taken off.  Whilst we at Everything Dinosaur, agree that many flying reptiles living in marine environments may have used cliffs to launch themselves into the air, how those Pterosaurs that lived inland became airborne has remained a mystery.  Could this new theory provide the explanation?

We do have our own way of making Pterosaurs fly.  When we were working on the publicity shots for the new Pteranodon longiceps replica from Collecta we were asked to try to show this model flying low over the other models in the series.  The shot was achieved by the use of a strategically placed hand, some fishing line and photo-shop.

Our Pterosaur “Takes to the Air”

Our Pteranodon flying

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

14 11, 2010

Intriguing Theory on Dinosaur Extinction – The Eggs that Didn’t Hatch

By | November 14th, 2010|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Main Page, Palaeontological articles|0 Comments

Global Cooling Found Dinosauria’s Achilles Heel

Many theories have been proposed regarding the extinction of the Dinosauria at the end of the Cretaceous.  Although the Cretaceous mass extinction event was not the only, or indeed, the most severe extinction event recorded in the Phanerozoic Eon, the demise of the dinosaurs seems to have attracted the most attention.

Victor Babbitt, from Boulder, Colorado (a great place to live if you happen to be interested in geology and palaeontology like Victor), has written an informative article speculating on why the dinosaurs may have become extinct but cold-bloodied reptiles, mammals and birds survived the extinction event.  It is well worth a read.

To view the blog article: The Eggs That Didn’t Hatch

From the blog, a paper can be downloaded that provides the case for a sustained period of global cooling leading to the failure to hatch of dinosaur eggs.  This is a well argued article, that provides a very neat answer as to the demise of the dinosaurs but explains why their near relatives, the birds survived into the Cenozoic relatively unscathed.

Victor Babbitt – Dinosaur Fan and Enthusiast

Picture Credit: Victor Babbitt

The paper suggests that the decades-long global cooling period caused by either asteroid impact or Deccan volcanism had a differential effect on dinosaur eggs versus bird and reptile eggs, such that many bird and reptile eggs hatched, but dinosaur eggs did not. This resulted in a “dead generation” that wiped out a 100 million years of dinosaur mega-fauna dominance in just a few decades.

If science is essentially a search for truth, it is not an exclusive club, contributions are most welcome.  Certainly a thought provoking article, one that has led to a lot of discussions amongst our team members.

13 11, 2010

Review of BBC Television’s “First Life” Documentary

By | November 13th, 2010|Dinosaur Fans, Main Page, TV Reviews|2 Comments

Praising David Attenborough’s “First Life”

Last night, the BBC showed the second and concluding part of the television documentary “First Life”, which provided information regarding the origins of life on Earth.  Sir David Attenborough may be an octogenarian but his energy and enthusiasm for the natural world is as undiminished as ever and his intelligent commentary combined beautifully with state of the art computer graphics to give viewers an insight into the origins of life on Earth.

The long slow fuse to the Cambrian explosion, as we at Everything Dinosaur like to call the later stages of the Cryptozoic Eon, was handled very well in the first of the programmes entitled “Arrival”, the second and final part, called “Conquest” dealt with the rise of the Arthropods and the rapid diversification of animals which ultimately led to the evolution of the first land animals.

In fairness to the production company, cramming 3.3 billion years of the history of life on Earth into just two, one-hour documentaries is an achievement in itself.  Such a programme would have been very difficult to make twenty years ago as our understanding of the evolution of early life forms has increased immensely over the last few years.  The major fossil sites that help to document the origins of life were visited and Sir David, tackled the steep slopes of the Burgess shales (British Columbia) and the sweltering heat of the Ediacaran hills with gusto.  We were expecting to hear a little more about the Gunflint sedimentary rocks of western Ontario (Canada) and their micro-organism fossils, but the oldest fossils visible to the naked eye – Stromatolites were discussed and Sir David did visit colonies in Australia, giving the viewer an impression of what some parts of the world would have looked like way back in time.

Great to see Charnia and Charnwood forest in the documentary, a part of England that Sir David knows well as he used to indulge in his hobby of fossil collecting in the exposed sedimentary rocks in the area.  One thing that did make a lasting impression on us, was the use of computer graphics to bring Charnia back from the dead as it were.  The lack of pigmentation was something that had not occurred to us.  This is obvious now that we think about it, organisms living at the bottom of the sea in complete darkness would not need pigmentation.

The diversification of the Trilobites was well handled, although it would have been nice to have seen a number of genera animated so that viewers could get a real impression of the multitude of forms that arose.  Indeed, in the second episode – “Conquest” the Arthropods dominated, there was not much coverage of the Molluscs, Brachiopods or the Echinodermata.

The locations were stunning and the camera crew certainly racked up the air-miles with a number of exotic sites featured, but lovely to see the important Scottish fossils that have helped document the rise of the Arthropods and the evolution of land animals.

Organisms that most readily capture our attention tend to be easily visible, intelligent with complex behaviour – mammals like us, for example.  Yet, as far as the history of recorded life on Earth is concerned – the fossil record, it is the invertebrates that are much more abundant and it is wonderful to see a television series that provides an insight into our current knowledge as to life’s origins.  The fossil remains of Pikaia (pronounced pick-kay-ah), from the Burgess Shale deposits did get a mention.  The discovery of a Cambrian organism with a notochord – the rise of Chordata Phylum had to be covered, after all, if it wasn’t for creatures like Pikaia, we would not be here today.

Personally, I would like to have seen more information on the competition that arose between Arthropoda and Mollusca and perhaps a little more on the evolution of plants, but apart from these minor points – another broadcasting triumph for the BBC.

A number of team members have asked for the book that accompanies the television programmes to be added to their Christmas lists.

Scientist’s knowledge of the Palaeozoic and the origins of life has been increased exponentially over the years.  A study of ancient strata in Sweden has led some researchers to conclude that the impact of extraterrestrial objects led to another spurt in the evolution of life in the Ordovician Period.

To read more about this research: Palaeozoic Meteorite Bombardment gives Life on Earth a Helping Hand

12 11, 2010

What are “Terror Birds”?

By | November 12th, 2010|Animal News Stories, Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Educational Activities, Main Page|0 Comments

Question – What is a “Terror Bird”?

Featured in films such as 10,000 BC and the original King Kong film released in 1933 as well as in television documentaries such as “Walking with Beasts” and science fiction programmes such as “Primeval” – the “Terror Birds” as they are known are certainly in the public’s conscience.

However, who or what exactly is a “Terror Bird”?  We do get asked this question quite a lot, usually by boys aged between six and eight years of age.

The term “Terror Bird” was first used to describe the fossils of a large, carnivorous, flightless bird, fossilised remains of which had been discovered in South America.  This particular genus was named Phorusrhacos and a number of species have now been ascribed.  These birds were apex predators competing alongside placental mammals in South America for millions of years, although Phorusrhacids had once roamed widely with the oldest fossils dating from Europe.  Although the term “Terror Bird” was first used to describe a South American genus, this phrase is now used to describe most of the large, flightless carnivorous birds of the Cenozoic.  They were certainly terrifying with some specimens standing over 3 metres tall, with hugely powerful legs capable of running as fast as a race horse and with hatchet shaped beaks.

When the dinosaurs became extinct at the end of the Cretaceous period (65 million years ago) there were no large predators left on the land.  Into this space left vacant with the extinction of animals like Tyrannosaurus rex came the “Terror Birds” – large flightless birds that evolved long, powerful legs and sharp beaks to chase down the newly evolving mammals and to attack them.

The last of their kind, (in South America), became extinct as recently as 15,000 years ago.  Modern humans migrating into South America from the North would most certainly have encountered them.  One wonders what the people who actually saw these creatures would have called them.

11 11, 2010

2011 Product Releases from Safari – Prehistoric Crocodiles and Prehistoric Sharks

By | November 11th, 2010|Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page|0 Comments

New Safari Toobs for 2011 – Sharks and Crocodiles

As well as introducing a number of individual models into their Wild Dinos and Carnegie ranges, Safari are also launching two new tubes (called Toobs) in 2011.  We revealed what the new models were in exclusive articles published on this blog recently.

New Carnegie Models 2011: Carnegie Product Releases 2011

Wild Dinos: Safari Wild Dinos Model Releases 2011

Safari is going to release two sets of must have collectibles, the first features a range of ten prehistoric sharks, charting the evolution of these marine predators.  The second tube features a range of prehistoric crocodile models.

The New Safari Prehistoric Crocodile Toob

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The crocodile tube (toobs) consists of the following models: Champsosaurus, Chasmotosaurus, Dakosaurus, Desmatosuchus, Euparkeria, Montealtosuchus, Postosuchus, Pristichampsus, Rutiodon validus, Sarcosuchus.  Great to see such a diverse range of different types of crocodile in this particular set.

The New Safari Toob of Prehistoric Sharks

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The Toob of prehistoric sharks features the following:

Cretoxyrhina, Cladoselache, Edestus, Helicoprion, Hybodus, Ornithoprion, Orthacanthus, Scapanorhynchus, Stethacanthus and Xenacanthus.

To view the current range of Everything Dinosaur prehistoric toobs and other dinosaur models: Dinosaur Toys for Boys and Girls – Dinosaur Models

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