All about dinosaurs, fossils and prehistoric animals by Everything Dinosaur team members.
21 10, 2009

Everything Dinosaur on TV

By | October 21st, 2009|Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page|0 Comments

Everything Dinosaur on TV

This afternoon at 2pm GMT, Everything Dinosaur products were featured on a television programme.  The “Sixty Minute Makeover” show converted a bedroom into a dinosaur dream land for two lucky little boys in Essex.  For Gerry and Ben, this is a dream come true as the ITV Sixty Minute Makeover team worked miracles, transforming their drab room into a dinosaur themed play room.  The team did not stop there, they got to work on mum’s bedroom and the living room giving them both the makeover treatment.

Ben and Gerry’s mum had gone through some hard times over the last few months, not having the motivation or the money to decorate her Basildon home, so friends and family asked the ITV1 programme to lend a helping hand.

We sent over lots of items to help support the show, all sorts of things to help theme up the room for Ben and Gerry.  Loads of stickers, toys games and all sorts of stuff.  We even had one of our team members on standby to help out with the makeover team and the TV production company.

The Boys Bedroom – or is this now a Dinosaur Den!

Picture Credit: ITV

It certainly was an interesting experience, our unique blend of parents, teachers and real dinosaur experts get involved in all sorts of projects.  For example, we have been interviewed by national newspapers, magazines and appeared on BBC radio all in the last few weeks.  They say that variety is the spice of life and for sure, no two days are the same when you are working at Everything Dinosaur.

We were informed that Ben’s favourite dinosaur was T. rex so we sent over lots of Tyrannosaurus rex themed toys and goodies.  The picture shows a T. rex soft toy cuddling up to his prehistoric chums Triceratops, Diplodocus and Pteranodon.

Knowing that we had two dinosaur mad little boys who were about to have their bedrooms turned upside down whilst the expert designers, carpet fitters and such like went about their business, we sent over some games, pictures, puzzles and drawing materials to help keep them occupied whilst the TV makeover team went to work.

All in a days work it seems, for advice on how to put up the dinosaur mural visit our website to download the free hints and tips, found on the Everything Dinosaur, Dinosaur Bedding and Bedroom Accessories section of our website: Dinosaur Bedding and Dinosaur Bedroom Accessories

20 10, 2009

T. rex Gift Card and Tyrannosaurus Tooth Combined

By | October 20th, 2009|Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Newsletters, Main Page, Press Releases|0 Comments

Tyrannosaurus rex Gift Card and Tooth – A Winning Present Combination

Looking to solve your gift problem when it comes to purchasing for a dinosaur mad youngster, then let Everything Dinosaur take the worry out of making a selection with this new addition to our already extensive dinosaur themed product range which incorporates our huge stock of dinosaur party supplies.

Why not purchase a Tyrannosaurus rex gift card in combination with a museum quality replica of a T. rex tooth?  This simple idea of putting together a dinosaur themed gift card with a dinosaur themed present makes the problem of purchasing an inexpensive present for a dinosaur obsessed youngster extinct.

The T. rex Tooth and Gift Card Combo from Everything Dinosaur

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The dinosaur greeting card, designed by those clever people at Santoro, features a 3-D Tyrannosaurus rex.  It is a swing card, the T. rex is made up of movable parts so he comes out of the card wiggling his head and tail at you.  The background illustration of a primeval, dinosaur filled jungle is really cool and there is plenty of space for you to write a personal message.  The card itself has a blank message space so it can be used for all kinds of occasions – birthdays, general greetings, get well soon, even Christmas.   The card comes supplied with its own properly sized envelope, finding a gift card for a young dinosaur fan could not be easier with this unusual and novel dinosaur inspired offering.

The tooth is a museum quality replica cast from a real fossil tooth of a Tyrannosaurus rex T. rex had over sixty teeth in its powerful jaws and it had one of the strongest bites of any animal known to science.  This beautifully sculpted replica is a tooth from the right side of the lower jaw of the first ever Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton discovered.  This tooth is part of the T. rex collection housed at the Natural History Museum in London (specimen number BMNH R799).  It is not the largest tooth in the museum’s T. rex collection but the fine detail preserved and its beautiful shape made it the ideal tooth to cast a replica from.

Those keen dinosaur enthusiasts at Everything Dinosaur even provide a fact sheet all about Tyrannosaurus rex, the ideal accompaniment to the greetings card and the replica tooth.  You can read all about the discovery of T. rex, why the arms are so small and learn facts about the “Tyrant Lizard King”.  A scale drawing is included to give an idea of just how big some of these dinosaurs were.

To view the T. rex Tooth and T. rex Card Combo: Dinosaur Party – Dinosaur Birthday Party Supplies

Providing an inexpensive and unique dinosaur themed gift could not be simpler, what a great way to make a young palaeontologist feel special, or to help with the dinosaur party items, their own personalised T. rex greetings card and a replica tooth cast from a real museum quality Tyrannosaurus rex tooth – give the gift of prehistory, we bet you will see a bigger grin than the toothy smile of a T. rex.

19 10, 2009

Polacanthus and Hylaeosaurus – Not the Same

By | October 19th, 2009|Dinosaur Fans, Main Page|0 Comments

Summarising the Differences between Polacanthus and Hylaeosaurus

Hylaeosaurus was the first armoured dinosaur to be discovered.  It was named and described by the famous English naturalist and scientist Gideon Mantell in 1833.  Known from only two partial specimens, although fragmentary fossils from the Isle of Wight and France have been ascribed to this genus, Hylaeosaurus was a founder member of the Dinosauria when this new taxonomic description was postulated by Richard Owen (later Sir Richard Owen).  The holotype of Hylaeosaurus is associated with the Wealden Formation of West Sussex (England).

To view a scale model of Hylaeosaurus: Dinosaur Toys for Boys and Girls – Dinosaur Models

Polacanthus is another genus of armoured dinosaur, associated with the United Kingdom, two species are recognised and the first fossils of this particular Thyreophoran were found on the Isle of Wight.  These fossils were found some thirty years after Hylaeosaurus had been formerly named and described.

It has been suggested that P. foxii and Hylaeosaurus armatus were roughly the same size, at around 5 metres in length and there has been some confusion between these two genera.  This is not helped by the paucity of the fossil record when it comes to English armoured dinosaurs (the splendid Scelidosaurus fossil discovered by David Sole being an exception).  It has been suggested that Polacanthus and Hylaeosaurus are actually the same genus.  If this is the case then Hylaeosaurus would be the senior synonym.  The best fossils of these animals are the front elements and limbs of Hylaeosaurus and the hind quarters of Polacanthus.  This means that scientists have little fossil material from either genus to directly compare.  As far as we know, no skull material ascribed to the Polacanthus genus has ever been found, thus compounding the problem between the two genera.

Polacanthus foxii was formerly named and described by Owen in 1865, so the debate over the rights and wrongs of these two scientific descriptions has been ongoing for over 140 years, with precious little new evidence from fossil discoveries having been found to help differentiate between the two.

Illustrations of Polacanthus (top) and Hylaeosaurus (bottom)

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

However, Hylaeosaurus seems to be stratigraphically older (Valanginian faunal stage as opposed to the Barremian faunal stage for Polacanthus) and because the two genera appear to possess differing arrangements of dermal armour, different types of armour as well, they were probably distinct.  Both may have been low browsers and filled the same environmental niche but it is now largely agreed that the fossils found of these two dinosaurs are not conspecific (belong to a single species).  In Polacanthus the scapulocoracoid (bones making up the shoulder girdle) are fused, this does not seem to be the case with Hylaeosaurus.  The shape of the tibia (shin bone) may also be different and there has been no evidence found of a sacral shield of fused scutes (armour plates) with Hylaeosaurus.

To view a model of Polacanthus: Dinosaur Models and Dinosaur Toys for Boys and Girls

18 10, 2009

Dinosaur Bedtime Buddies – Microwavable Dinosaurs

By | October 18th, 2009|Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products, Main Page, Press Releases|0 Comments

Dinosaur Bedtime Buddies – Better than a Hot Water Bottle Any Day

There are a number of soft toy dinosaur designs in the market place, the staff at Everything Dinosaur have even helped design a few, however, it is always exciting to see something different come along and get put through our testing programme.

The new “Cozy Plush” or as we prefer to call them our “Dinosaur Bedtime Buddies” range certainly fits the bill as being a little different, they are a soft toy and hot water bottle combined.  Filled with specially treated wheat grains the Apatosaurus, Triceratops and delightful Stegosaurus that make up this range can be microwaved to make them lovely, cosy and warm, ideal bedtime companions for little children.

Dinosaur Bedtime Buddies

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

To view the Dinosaur Bedtime Buddies: Dinosaur Stuffed Animals

Made from super soft materials, these tactile and very cuddly dinosaurs comply with the British Safety Standard BS8433-2004 and the International Toy Safety Standard EN71-1/2/3/9.  The green Apatosaurus, purple Stegosaurus and the blue Triceratops are scented with lavender to help young ones get off to sleep.  They are very huggable and cute.  You may see the Apatosaurus sold elsewhere as Brontosaurus, but the dinosaur experts at Everything Dinosaur know that every self-respecting young palaeontologist would soon tell you that the name Brontosaurus is officially no longer recognised.  This is why our green dinosaur is described as Apatosaurus and comes with its own Apatosaurus fact sheet.

Here is the reason why Brontosaurus as a name for a dinosaur is no longer valid:

The eminent American palaeontologist Othniel Charles Marsh described and named Apatosaurus in 1877 from fossils found near the town of Morrison in Colorado, USA.  Two years later, bones of what was thought to be another dinosaur were found at a quarry at Como Bluff, Wyoming.  This animal was described and named as Brontosaurus “Thunder Lizard” by Marsh.  As more skeletons were found, scientists realised that these two dinosaurs were actually the same genus, and since Apatosaurus was described first, the name Brontosaurus had to be disregarded.  In 1905 when the world’s first long-necked dinosaur skeleton went on display at the American Museum of Natural History it was wrongly labelled as Brontosaurus.  Thanks to this and many Hollywood films, the name Brontosaurus seems to have stuck in people’s imaginations and for many years “Thunder Lizard”, that is what the name Brontosaurus means in Latin, was one of the best-known dinosaurs.

Palaeontologists were so fond of the name Brontosaurus, that when an early example of this type of dinosaur was discovered in the United States, it was name Eobrontosaurus “Early Thunder Lizard”, so that the genus name could be associated once more with the fossil record.

Cute and Cuddly Microwavable Dinosaur Soft Toys

Cute and cuddly Dinosaurs

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

With no plastic beads for eyes or other parts likely to get hot, these soft and very huggable dinosaurs are ideal for young children.  Scented with lavender to aid relaxation these microwavable dinosaurs beat a hot water bottle every time.

Just what you need with the winter nights drawing in.

Dinosaur Bedtime Buddies (Microwavable Soft Toys): Dinosaur Toys and Stuffed Animals

17 10, 2009

Crushed Fossil Bones – Sauropods and Iguanodontids Passed This Way

By | October 17th, 2009|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Dinosaur Fans, Main Page|0 Comments

Crushed Fossil Bones from Site in Utah Reveal Dinosaur Stomping Ground

Fossilised dinosaur bones can reveal a great deal about the anatomy of a particular dinosaur.  A bone bed containing many hundreds of bones from a single species such as Ceratopsisan bone beds in North America (horned dinosaurs) can also provide information on herding behaviour. However, a dig site in Utah (United States) is providing palaeontologists with a window into the past revealing evidence of a very gruesome scene.

A meticulous study of an extensive fossiliferous site near the town of Moab in the east of Utah, close to the Colorado state line, is providing scientists from Brigham Young University with an insight into dinosaur behaviour as a lake dried out and dinosaurs died in their hundreds.  Many other larger dinosaurs, very possibly huge, long-necked and heavy Sauropods then trampled the dead and dying animals as they made their way to the rapidly shrinking lake in order to quench their thirst.

This is the scene revealed by the painstaking study of thousands of dinosaur bones by geologists at Brigham Young University.  It is reported in the scientific journal “Palaeo”.

So far the researchers have identified 67 individual dinosaurs representing 8 species – and they have only scratched the surface of this diverse quarry.  Mysteriously, nearly all of the 4,200 bones recovered so far are fractured, but not broken up as a result of millions of years of fossilisation and preservation, these bones were snapped and shattered when they had lain on the ground and were relatively fresh.

Lead author on the study, Brigham Young University, Professor Brooks Britt stated:

“Although enough bones were recovered to assemble several complete dinosaurs, the vast majority of bones are broken to bits and pieces, just pulverised”.

Professor Brooks Britt of Brigham Young University

Picture Credit: Brigham Young University (BYU)

The dinosaur fossil site, located to the west of the Arches National Park, contains dinosaurs of all sizes and ages, indicating a massive localised extinction event.  The location of the bones, near the shore of an ancient lake bed, suggests that a severe drought was the cause.

What puzzled the scientists was what caused all the fractures.  A closer analysis revealed that most of the breaks were angled “greenstick” fractures, reminiscent of those seen when fresh bones are snapped.

These dinosaur bones broke before they became brittle.

“Some of these bones were almost 5 feet long, and they are green, and you really have to work hard to shatter bone that’s still green.  That means the big boys were stepping on those things, there would  have been audible, big snaps”.

Professor Brooks Britt commented.

As the fossil site has been dated to approximately 100 million years ago (Albian faunal stage), the scientists cannot be certain what caused and pulverised the bones, however, large herds of huge Sauropods would have have been likely culprits, aided and abetted by the smaller Iguanodontids.  A single Iguanodon might have weighed as much as 5 tonnes, no where near the size of a Sauropod, but a herd of hundreds all moving towards the lake site would have caused a great deal of damage.

One of the Fractured Dinosaur Bones (Venenosaurus)

Caused by dinosaurs stomping?

Picture Credit: Brigham Young University (BYU)

A Close up of the Fractured Venenosaurus Bone

Broken bones caused by dinosaurs

Picture Credit: Brigham Young University

The white substance in the picture is the resin used to fix the fractures together, as the palaeontologists excavate the bones, but this hip bone has been stepped upon and broken at an acute angle, evidence of the break being made when the bone was relatively fresh.

Some of the bones from this dig site are housed at the Brigham Young University’s Earth Science Museum, they will no doubt form part of the many exhibits that are planned to go on display over the next few months.

Our thanks to Ashley Fickenwirth of Brigham Young University Communications Department for passing on this information and for the pictures.

16 10, 2009

2010 Word Search Answers

By | October 16th, 2009|Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page|0 Comments

2010 Word Search Answers – Everything Dinosaur Calendar

As the year draws to a close, something like seventy days to Christmas, team members at Everything Dinosaur are in the process of putting together the finishing touches for their 2010 dinosaur themed calendar.

Palaeontologists can not be sure about the colour of dinosaurs, colours and pigments are very rarely preserved in the fossil record.  Scientists, cannot be certain about the colours and markings on a Tyrannosaurus or on a Triceratops for example.  However, young palaeontologists get the chance to decide what colour dinosaurs should be with the Everything Dinosaur calendar.

On each page of the calendar there is an illustration of a prehistoric animal, children are encouraged to colour them in and work out how dinosaurs really looked.  Next years calendar features Chasmosaurus, Maiasaura, Muttaburrasaurus, Tarbosaurus and a whole host of other creatures.

There is also a word search with lots of different terms related to dinosaurs and fossil hunting hidden in the grid.

Here are the answers:

2010 Word Search Answers

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

We hope you like the 2010 calendar, we will have this item for sale on our website soon, it is currently being printed and should be available in about a week or so.

15 10, 2009

Update on the Quaternary Period Debate

By | October 15th, 2009|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Main Page|0 Comments

Protests over changes in the Quaternary

The recent decision by the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS), ratified by their parent body, the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS), to alter the boundary date between the Quaternary and Neogene has been challenged by a number of leading academics and scientists.  The length of the Quaternary had been extended by 800,000 years with the boundary change acknowledging the start of this period at approximately 2.6 million years ago and not 1.8 million years ago, the date formerly settled upon in the last review (1983).

It had been argued that the boundary set at approximately 1.8 million years, did not mark a significant natural event such as environmental or geological changes.  However, the change in the boundary, effectively putting back the start of the Quaternary to some 800,000 years earlier has caused consternation amongst certain groups of scientists.

To read the article about the date change in full: The Quaternary just gained 800,000 years

When the geological timescale is considered, it is very important to have widespread consensus over the dates involved.  Each of the boundaries between an eon, era, sub-era, a period, a faunal stage and an epoch have to be carefully agreed, each boundary in the chronological order of geological time marking a natural event of some sort.  However, when it comes to changing a boundary, even a boundary that has been established for a few decades (a tiny period of time when you study geology), there can be a lot of opposition.

For a palaeontologist, perhaps focusing on the fauna of the early Cambrian, the change in the dating of the Quaternary may have little effect on their work.  After all the likes of that wonderful and ever so successful group of Arthropods, the Trilobites had been gone for nearly 250 million years before the Quaternary/Neogene boundary.  The same cannot be said for a palaeoanthropologist, a scientist more concerned with the rise of our own species rather than the Arthropoda.

Any scientist working on human evolution will be greatly affected by the change in the geological timescale.  The Paleoanthropology Society (American spelling), has started a petition, hoping to re-submit a case for maintaining the status quo and returning the beginning of the Quaternary back to the 1.8 million years ago starting point, as agreed previously.

They make several good points, for example all the recently published literature, including most of the accepted texts on their subject are now all out of date (no pun intended).  Secondly, when it comes to recording the use of stone tools and the development of our species, changing 700,000 years in the scale of things is a huge change.  Our own species may have been around for less than 200,000 years, so a change of this nature is seismic (must stop using geology based puns).

The Paleoanthropology Society cites that there has been an accepted boundary definition for 60 years based on historical, palaeontological and climatological data.  They compare the proposed change to changing the holotype of a species, just because in the words of the Society’s statement “because the original [holotype] was not perfect, and a better one has been found later, definitions are fixed, and we work around them”.

The Society hope to make a case and have it heard by the IUGS, but the IUGS have ruled that no review of their recent decision can be made for at least 10 years.  This has been called “undemocratic” by the Paleoanthropology Society.

To review the petition and the points made visit the Paleoanthropology website.

14 10, 2009

Pterosaur Transitional Fossil – Is Darwinopterus Evidence of Rapid Evolution

By | October 14th, 2009|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Main Page, Palaeontological articles|0 Comments

Darwinopterus – A Transitional Pterosaur Fossil

One hundred and sixty million years ago the skies of north eastern China were filled with primitive feathered dinosaurs that flapped awkwardly from tree to tree.  These early aviators, descendants of small, meat-eating, bipedal dinosaurs had perhaps evolved flight feathers to escape from larger ground based predators or to exploit an environmental, arboreal niche.  However, Pterosaurs, those aerial masters of the skies, whose ancestors had taken to the wing some seventy million years earlier, may have quickly evolved forms to take advantage of this new food source of flying Theropods.  At least that is what can be speculated from the research and published papers of a joint Chinese and British team of scientists as they published their work on Darwinopterus. Darwinopterus may be a transitional fossil between the long-tailed Rhamphorhynchoids and the later, short-tailed Pterodactyloids.

An Artist’s Impression of Darwinopterus

Picture Credit: PA

The illustration depicts Darwinopterus attacking a small bird-like creature, an ancestor of modern birds, a flexible neck combined with the curved, sharp teeth in the jaws of this raven-sized Pterosaur seem ideally suited to grabbing hold of small prey.  Whether this animal hunted on the wing is speculation.

The joint Chinese and British based team of palaeontologists have published their work on this 160 million-year-old Pterosaur in the scientific publication the “British Journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B”, the “B” stands for Biology.  In total, more than 20 individual fossil specimens of this Pterosaur have been found.  This new type of flying reptile has been named Darwinopterus modularis, to honour the 200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin and the 150th anniversary of his ground-breaking work on the theory of evolution – “The Origin of Species by means of Natural Selection or The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life”.

The species name modularis meaning “composed of interchangeable units”.  This alludes to the fact that this Pterosaur has traits of both primitive long-tailed Rhamphorhynchoids and parts of its anatomy more closely associated with the more advanced, later Pterodactyloids.  These specimens could be termed transitional fossils, capturing an example in the fossil record of one type of flying reptile, evolving into a different form.  It is as if a sculptor has created a whole creature, a sort of prehistoric, flying chimera from various parts of other genera.  One has to be careful about this, as there are several instances of composite fossils originating from China, perhaps most famously Archaeoraptor.  Archaeoraptor turned out to be an elaborate fake.  Instead of proving to be a transitional fossil form between Theropod dinosaurs and the first birds, it was simply pieces of at least two different fossils stuck together – it fooled the National Geographic Society.

A Close up of the Skull and Jaws of Darwinopterus

Fossil material (Pterosaur)

Picture Credit: PA

Interestingly, one of the arguments put forward by scientists  in support of the idea that all species were fixed and immutable, before the publication of Darwin’s theory, and indeed an argument that was used long after Darwin had written and published his 1859 work, was that the fossil record did not show many transitional species.  The fossil record, as Darwin admitted himself was very incomplete.  The beautiful argument put forward by the likes of a number of eminent American palaeontologists later in the 19th Century, for the evolution of the horse was not available to Darwin at the time of his writing of his book on natural selection.  In the famous volume – “The Principles of Geology” written by the English geologist Sir Charles Lyell , a tremendous influence on Darwin himself, it was written:

“There is no foundation in geological facts for the popular theory of successive development of the animal and vegetable world, from the simplest to the most perfect forms”.

Commenting on this new discovery, Dr. David Unwin of the University of Leicester stated:

“Darwinopterus came as quite a shock to us.  We had always expected a gap-filler with typically intermediate features such as a moderately elongated tail — neither long nor short — but the strange thing about Darwinopterus is that it has a head and neck just like that of advanced Pterosaurs, while the rest of the skeleton, including a very long tail, is identical to that of primitive forms.”

One of the fossils of Darwinopterus modularis

The red arrow points to a fossilised egg

Picture Credit: PA

The long tail can be seen at the bottom of the slab.  The investigators, led by Junchang Lu of the Institute of Geology in Beijing, believe that Pterosaurs went through bursts of evolution characterised by swift changes to groups of features.  They have postulated that the head and neck evolved first, followed later by the body, tail, wings and legs.  A sort of sequence of rapid evolutionary jumps.  It can be speculated as the competition between predator and prey hotted up in the air, the prey animals; the flying Theropods were under a great deal of evolutionary pressure to adapt quickly and evolve into more efficient flying forms.  This competition may have speeded up the evolutionary flight path (excuse the pun), of modern birds.

13 10, 2009

Last Safe Posting Dates for Christmas 2009

By | October 13th, 2009|Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page, Press Releases|0 Comments

Recommended Last Safe Posting Dates for Christmas 2009

There are only seventy-four days left before Christmas day, so time to start thinking about Christmas shopping, especially if you wish to send something overseas, a gift for a relative abroad and such like.  In a bid to help our customers, Everything Dinosaur will be extending our packing hours once again this Christmas and we will continue to pack and despatch goods for customers on Saturday mornings.  We genuinely try to do all we can to ensure items ordered from Everything Dinosaur are despatched as quickly as possible.

The information below is the guide published by Royal Mail as to the last safe posting dates for Christmas mail sent in the UK and overseas.

A Table Illustrating the Last Safe Posting Dates for Christmas

Credit: Everything Dinosaur and Prestatyn Post Office*

A team member at Everything Dinosaur, tried in vain to find the Christmas posting information at the Royal Mail website.  The Christmas posting dates for 2008 were located but they were not able to find the information for this year’s posting dates.  We know that our local post office has resorted to researching the dates themselves and hand writing a notice for their customers as they have not received any formal information from Royal Mail to date.  We eventually found the information we wanted at the website of a Post Office located in north Wales.  This is a sad reflection on the current state of Royal Mail’s management, the threat of strike action at Royal Mail means that it is very important that customers wishing to send items via the Royal Mail network post in plenty of time to avoid disappointment.

Staff at Everything Dinosaur will do all they can to assist customers and below is a list of helpful hints and tips about the Christmas post.

1).  Remember to include the house number or house name with the delivery address information.

2).  Check postcode/zip code details carefully.

3).  Before pressing the “submit” button to send an order to Everything Dinosaur, check the delivery address one last time.

4). Remember, with PayPal, Google Checkout and our own website’s ordering process customers can write a message to us in the order message box.  You can write in confirmation of delivery address or any specific, relevant information required to help ensure a rapid delivery.

5).  If you want to specify a different delivery address to your billing address, our website allows you to do this easily and without fuss.

6).  If you want to send an item to your work address, please ensure that you include the company name in the delivery address information.

If you have a query about Christmas deliveries, or indeed any aspect of Everything Dinosaur’s delivery service please feel free to contact us:

To view the Everything Dinosaur website: Everything Dinosaur’s Website

12 10, 2009

Information on Sarcosaurus “Flesh Reptile”

By | October 12th, 2009|Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Main Page|1 Comment

Sarcosaurus – Welcome to Jurassic Leicestershire

Following our comment made in the article introducing the new dinosaur combat game “Jurassic Wars” which features a Sarcosaurus, we have been asked to provide more information about this little known British dinosaur.  Admittedly, if we are asked to name a meat-eating dinosaur associated with Lower Jurassic strata, Sarcosaurus would not be the first one that sprang to mind.  It does illustrate the paucity of the fossil record from Lower Jurassic strata and in particular how little is known about the many genera of Theropods associated with that particular aspect of geological time.

Running from the south coast of England through to the north-east coast of the country is a wide band of Jurassic marine strata.  In areas where the strata is exposed at the surface such at the southern end; Lyme Regis and the northern end; Whitby, the sediments are fossiliferous (lots of fossils).  In other parts of the country, natural processes such as faulting and erosion as well as human activity; quarrying and open-cast mining has exposed Jurassic strata at the surface.  Many of these sites also contain fossils and it was from a location in Leicestershire in the East Midlands of England that fossils attributed to the genus Sarcosaurus were found.

This dinosaur, like most European Theropods is known from just fragmentary, partial remains.  Part of the pelvis (hips), a femur (thigh bone) and some vertebrae (backbones) have been found to date.  Interestingly, the fossils were found in the marine lias beds (layers of rocks that alternate between shale and limestone).  These types of sediment were formed in a marine environment.  It is highly improbable that Sarcosaurus lived in the sea, it is much more likely that the corpse of this dinosaur was washed out to sea, perhaps after flash flood or some such other event.

Estimated at around 3 – 3.5 metres in length and with a body mass of less than 60 kilogrammes, Sarcosaurus was a light, agile, bipedal predator.

Artist Sketch of Sarcosaurus with a Human Figure for Scale

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Please note the crests on the skull are pure guesswork.  A number of carnivorous dinosaurs possess such ornamentation, so for illustrative purposes, our Sarcosaurus has been given crests.  There is no skull material known from the fossil record for this genus of dinosaur.

The exact taxonomic classification of Sarcosaurus is not clear.  This dinosaur could belong to a group of meat-eating dinosaurs called the Neoceratosauria, the Ceratosauria or indeed some papers cite Sarcosaurus as a member of the Coelophysoidea.

It is a question of paying your money and taking your choice.  However, most writers agree this genus is “Incertae sedis”, this is a Latin term which is used when scientists are unsure of the taxonomic relationship or taxonomic position in relation to other organisms.  It means “of uncertain position” and is often abbreviated in scientific papers to “inc. sed.”.

To view the Jurassic Wars game: Dino Board Games & Puzzles

This early Jurassic Theropod is not to be confused with Sarcosuchus (the name means flesh crocodile).  This was a huge crocodylian from the Cretaceous.  It was formerly named and described in 1966, most of the fossils associated with this particular primitive crocodile have been found in Niger.

An Illustration of Sarcosuchus with a Human Figure for Scale

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

To view a model of Sarcosuchus: Dinosaur Toys for Boys and Girls – Dinosaur Models

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