Category: Press Releases

Everything Dinosaur Stocks Pegasus Hobbies Dinosaur Model Kits

Everything Dinosaur Stocks Pegasus Hobbies Dinosaur Model Kits to Range

Everything Dinosaur is now stocking all three of the superb 1:24 scale dinosaur models made by Pegasus Hobbies.  These kits, are for the avid dinosaur fan or model collector and once assembled and painted can become real show stoppers in a model collectors collection.  The range currently consists of a Tyrannosaurus rex (complete with captured baby Triceratops), an adult Triceratops and a huge Spinosaurus replica kit.  When completed and mounted on its base, the Spinosaurus kit measures an impressive fifty-one centimetres long.

New Additions to the Everything Dinosaur Product Range

Pegasus Hobbies Dinosaur model kits are available from Everything Dinosaur.

Pegasus Hobbies Dinosaur model kits are available from Everything Dinosaur.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The company specialises in military kits, including planes, ships, armoured vehicles and figures but the PVC vinyl range has recently expanded to include three iconic dinosaur figures.

1:24 Scale Triceratops Dinosaur Figure

Great quality model kit to build and paint.

Great quality model kit to build and paint.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

All three of the PVC vinyl kits were sculpted by the very talented palaeo-sculptor Galileo Hernandez Nunez, who has built up a strong reputation for his work on prehistoric animal models.  The paintwork seen on the boxes is the work of the equally talented Shane Foulkes.  The kits are recommended for people who are fourteen or over and each kit consists of several pieces that have to be assembled and glued together to complete the piece.  Please note, as with many of these types of replica kits, there is no paint or glue provided in the box.

How To Build a Triceratops

Easy to follow guides.

Easy to follow guides.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The kit comes with a display base and in the case of the Tyrannosaurus rex and the Triceratops models, a name plate is provided.

To see the range of Pegasus Hobbies model kits at Everything Dinosaur: Pegasus Hobbies Dinosaur Model Kits

The Superb, Museum Quality T. rex Dinosaur Model

A model kit featuring the "Tyrant Lizard King".

A model kit featuring the “Tyrant Lizard King”.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur stated:

“We have long been admirers of the work of Galileo Hernandez Nunez and Shane Foulkes. in our view, is one of the most talented artists and model makers around.  We are delighted to be able to offer Everything Dinosaur customers the opportunity to acquire and build these marvellous kits.”

The detail on the models is fantastic and as with the T. rex figure, the Spinosaurus is depicted hunting.  However, the Spinosaurus, regarded as a specialist fish hunter, is shown having caught a Xiphactinus.  Spinosaurus may be regarded as the largest land carnivore known to science but it would have done well to have caught such a fish.  Firstly, although Xiphactinus (a voracious predator in its own right), fossil material is known from the United States, Canada, Europe and Australia, as far as we are aware, no fossils of this giant predatory fish have been found in Africa (the home of the Spinosaurus genus).  In addition, the likes of Spinosaurus aegyptiacus had been extinct for some twenty-five million years before Xiphactinus evolved.

The Pegasus Hobbies 1:24 Scale Spinosaurus Model Kit

Spinosaurus catching a Xiphactinus fish?

Spinosaurus catching a Xiphactinus fish?

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The Spinosaurus replica is a terrific addition to the model series.  Yes, as our dinosaur experts point out, the Xiphactinus in a lacustrine or riverine environment is extremely unusual, as far as the known fossil record goes, these fish were entirely marine and highly nektonic with no likely need to venture close to shore or into fresh water. Putting this little quibble aside, all three models are terrific and Everything Dinosaur is delighted to able to add them to its range.

Thank You Cards from Customers

Everything Dinosaur Receives Thank You Cards from Customers

At Everything Dinosaur we try to help everyone who contacts us.  We get all sorts of correspondence, emails from teachers asking for advice and support with lesson plans, young dinosaur fans asking questions, museum enquiries and exhibitions wanting our help over the telephone and so on.  Part of our extensive customer base is made up of those parents and grandparents who may not be as internet savvy as the rest of the population.  We get letters sent into us asking for help in finding a specific dinosaur toy and phone calls from those customers who are reluctant to buy on line and prefer to talk to a person over the phone.

We are happy to help where we can and as a result of our customer service, we then get thank you cards and letters sent into the Everything Dinosaur offices by grateful customers.

Thank You Card Sent into Everything Dinosaur

Customer's send in thank you cards to Everything Dinosaur.

Customers send in thank you cards to Everything Dinosaur.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

We all work long hours and it is nice to know that our help is appreciated.  A typical response to some questions that we have answered for a budding, young palaeontologist is:

“I am so grateful, that you took the time and trouble to answer Ben’s questions.  The information you provided was certainly comprehensive and he was so excited when I showed him the email.  Thank you to for the lovely drawing materials that you sent.”

It’s all in a day’s work for us, although with the volume of correspondence we have these days, please be patient, we do try our best to respond to all those customers who have contacted us that require a reply.

Saying Thanks with Angiosperms – Customer Thank You Card

Thank you card received by Everything Dinosaur.

Thank you card received by Everything Dinosaur.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Everything Dinosaur’s Social Media Targets 2015

Setting Targets for our Social Media in 2015

Having reviewed our progress on the various social media platforms that we support, Facebook, Twitter, Everything Dinosaur’s Youtube channel and so forth, it is time to look ahead to what we think we can achieve over the next twelve months.  She who must be obeyed “Tyrannosaurus Sue” has set targets for “likes” on Facebook, followers on Twitter, pins on Pinterest and so forth.  We are going to list them here and periodically, throughout the year review our progress.  2015 should be an exciting time for Everything Dinosaur, we are going to have lots of new and exciting dinosaur toys and prehistoric animal models, but first and foremost let’s take a look at those targets.

  •  Everything Dinosaur’s School Website (Dinosaurs for Schools)

Since this website went live in August of last year, we have been able to help many hundreds of teachers and thousands of school children.  The free downloads, teaching resources, lesson plans and activity ideas have been very well received indeed.  In 2014, we posted up sixty-seven articles on the teaching blog, all about dinosaur discoveries and about how to teach about dinosaurs and prehistoric animals in school.  We featured pictures, drawings, dinosaur museums that had been set up in classrooms, all sorts of creative and imaginative teaching ideas.   With the focus in England very much on working scientifically we shall continue to do all we can to assist teaching professionals, museums and home educators.

To visit Everything Dinosaur’s website for schools and home educators: Teaching About Dinosaurs in Schools

So in 2015 our targets for the Dinosaurs for Schools website are:

  1. A further 125 articles posted up on the teaching blog site (total by the end of the year to be 192 articles)
  2. At the moment we have twenty downloads available to support schools, we intend to add another ten to this list, (total number of downloads available = 30)
  •  Everything Dinosaur on Facebook

We really enjoy posting up pictures, articles and information on our Facebook page, we have lots of friends and last year we accumulated 1,580 “likes” we are truly honoured.   We have about 175 friends on Facebook too.  At Everything Dinosaur we believe that Facebook “likes” have to be earned and not purchased we shall continue to work hard to earn every appreciative “like” that we receive.


  1. Increase “likes” to “2,000″ by the end of 2015
  2. Increase the number of friends we have on Facebook to 400 by the end of the year
  3. Run at least three competitions and free giveaways to show our gratitude to our Facebook fans (just like we did last year)
We believe customer service is the key to getting "likes".

Target for 2015 is 2,000 earned “likes”.

Feel free to “like” our page by clicking on the Facebook logo – that would be brilliant!!

  • Twitter

With over 2,000 “tweets”, Everything Dinosaur team members are beginning to find their feet on Twitter, we love the immediacy of this platform and sharing pictures of fossils and illustrations of prehistoric animals.  Our Twitter feed is linked to our dinosaurs for schools website so we can “tweet” about good teaching practice and post up pictures of children’s artwork and such like.


  1. 3,200 “tweets” by December 31st 2015
  2. To increase the number of people we follow over 5oo (up from 345).
  3. To increase the number of people following us from 370 to 650 by the end of the year
  • Youtube

At the moment our Youtube channel: Everything Dinosaur on Youtube has ninety-six videos, this is a few less than we anticipated after we did not get all the videos made that we wanted to last year.   However, we are still really impressed with the number of channel views which now stands at over 890,000 (thanks to everyone).  Subscriber numbers have topped 1,200 which is also very impressive as far as we are concerned.  We make model and replica reviews, post up collecting tips and hints and generally like to feature our favourite prehistoric animal models.  Our targets for the Everything Dinosaur Youtube channel are listed below our Youtube banner.

Visit Everything Dinosaur’s Youtube Channel

Click on the banner to visit Everything Dinosaur's Youtube channel.

Click on the banner to visit Everything Dinosaur’s Youtube channel.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

  1. Number of videos up from 96 to 125 by the end of December 2015
  2. To achieve 1,000,000 video reviews by June 12th 2015 (the day of the world premier of “Jurassic World”) and then to achieve 1,235,000 views in total by the end of the year
  3. To up our channel subscribers from 1,200 to 1,750
  • Pinterest

With 5,300 pins on a total of 31 boards and 735 followers (496 following), Everything Dinosaur team members have worked hard to post up pictures and helpful information related to Pterosaurs, marine reptiles and of course dinosaurs.  We will create a dedicated board to marine reptiles and attempt to get over 250 pins up on this new board by the end of the year.  In addition, we shall set the following goals for Everything Dinosaur’s Pinterest presence.

  1. 8,500 pins
  2. 1,050 followers
  3. 600 following

To visit our Pinterest pages, simply click on the Pin It logo below:

Click to visit Everything Dinosaur's Pinterest pages.

Click to visit Everything Dinosaur’s Pinterest pages.

That’s about all for social media targets, but we will continue to remain as dedicated to our customers as we always have been and we look forward to hearing from you in the future.  Let’s see how close or how far over the targets the team members at Everything Dinosaur achieve by the end of the year.

Ah But!  What about this Blog?

Last but not least we come to the Everything Dinosaur web log.  Since we started blogging back in May 2007, we have tried to post up an article at least once a day, aiming for a total of 365 articles and news stories per year.  To date we have published an incredible 2,867 features, stories and articles.  We estimate that by May 20th we will have posted up our 3,000 blog post, to us, that’s simply amazing.  We will have to mark that landmark, with for a start, a special blog post.  By the end of the year our target is to have added another 365 articles to this site, making a total by December 31st of 3,221 or thereabouts.  We shall see…

A Review of Everything Dinosaur’s Social Media Targets (2014)

How Did Everything Dinosaur Get On in 2014?

Everything Dinosaur team members made predictions about what our social media performance might be over 2014.  This formed part of a larger project that involved staff trying to forecast the news stories and articles that we would feature on this blog site over the year.  With so much emphasis being placed on customer interactions, two-way communication and such like, social media platforms are more important than ever before.  We at Everything Dinosaur, remain committed to being open and honest with all our customers, we try to help and assist where we can.  Our team members do their best to respond to every customer query, enquiries and questions sent into us about prehistoric animals.

“Tyrannosaurus Sue” set some targets regarding our social media work and exposure, these were reviewed periodically over the last twelve months (June and September).  We shall provide a sort of “end of year report”, an update on what we did and what we achieved.

To read the last update on Everything Dinosaur’s social media work (September 2014): Everything Dinosaur on Social Media

Everything Dinosaur on Facebook

This time last year, we set a target of 1,2oo “likes”, this kept being revised upwards as we continued to post up pictures, snippets from news stories, updates, previews of new models and such like.  In September, we set a new target of 1,380 likes before the end of December 2014.  We thought this was quite ambitious but by the end of the year we had achieved over 1,500.  A very big thank you to everyone who supported our Facebook page.

You can help us, by visiting Everything Dinosaur on Facebook (click the Facebook  logo below) and “like” the Everything Dinosaur page.

Everything Dinosaur on Facebook

Click the logo to visit our Facebook page and to give our page a "like".

Click the logo to visit our Facebook page and to give our page a “like”.


By September we had “tweeted” 1,670 times, but could we reach our target of 2,000 tweets before the year came to a close?  The answer was yes, just, with our 2,000th tweet being posted up in  late December.  Currently, we have 371 followers on our Twitter feed and we are following a total of 346.  We shall see what targets are set for 2015 shortly.

The Everything Dinosaur Blog (this site)

It was an ambitious target, to continue to post up articles, averaging one a day over the whole year.  If we achieved this level of posting, then, we would have over 2,800 articles and features on line.  By June, some 151 new articles had been added and by December 31st the blog site contained a grand total of 2,854 published news stories and features.  If we continue to work at this rate, sometime over the next one hundred and forty days or thereabouts we will hit the landmark of a 3,000th article on line.


Our initial target to have 3,000 pins was soon overtaken, in fact the target of 3,000 pins posted was achieved in May.  In June, we set an additional target, to get to 4,000, this too was passed and in September we set a new mark of 5,200 by the end of the year.  To our surprise, our enthusiastic pinning led to a total of 5,300 pins by the end of 2014.  We are following 495 other “pinners” and we have 731 “pinners” following us.  Another target, not simply met but smashed.  We now have a total of 31 boards.


We would not regard ourselves as the next Cecil B. DeMille, our videos and video reviews are not of Jurassic World quality but they have proved popular once again this year.  Back in January 2014, we stated that we wanted to make more videos and to achieve over 800,000 views.  Our video output may not have been prolific, but by June we had added another fourteen and our viewing figures were already approaching the target amount.  We set a new target of 900,000 video views and sure enough in early December we surpassed this mark.  We will go over the 1,000,000 views mark in the next few weeks, we are so honoured and we thank everyone for watching our videos.

So all in all, not a bad effort, we have surprised ourselves with what we have achieved.  We will have to see how we get on this year (2015).

Exclusive! CollectA Announces New Spinosaurus Models

Makeover for Iconic Dinosaur – Spinosaurus

Everything Dinosaur can exclusively reveal that those clever people at CollectA will be introducing a new Deluxe Spinosaurus replica into the company’s highly successful “Prehistoric Life” model collection.  In total, three new Spinosaurus models will be available as CollectA updates its model range to reflect changes in the way that scientists interpret fossils.

 New for 2015 Deluxe Spinosaurus Dinosaur Model

Leading the way in interpreting dinosaur fossils.

Leading the way in interpreting dinosaur fossils.

Picture Credit: CollectA

Spinosaurus is one of the most famous of all the dinosaurs and 2015 marks the 100th anniversary of the naming and formal scientific description of this iconic dinosaur, widely believed to be the largest predatory dinosaur that ever lived.  Back in September of last year, Everything Dinosaur team members reported upon the publication of a new scientific paper that showed this dinosaur in a whole new light.  Based on a comprehensive review of the known fossil data, scientists proposed that Spinosaurus walked on all fours rather than just its hind legs (obligate quadruped).  The title of the paper, published in the journal Science “Semi-aquatic Adaptations in a Giant Predatory Dinosaur”, just about says it all.  Here was a new way of interpreting the fossils of a Theropod dinosaur.  Spinosaurus aegyptiacus was depicted as a predator perfectly adapted to a life in rivers and lakes.  Think of Spinosaurus as “a dinosaur that decided to become a crocodile”, it’s a crude analogy but it does make the point.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“The publication of the new research into Spinosaurus was one of the most eagerly anticipated scientific papers last year.  It’s amazing how quickly CollectA have been able to take the very latest information about a dinosaur and to create a replica that strongly reflects the scientific literature.  This new Deluxe Spinosaurus really shows how much care and attention this company pays to the science of palaeontology.”

Ironically, Everything Dinosaur had been inundated with  enquiries from dinosaur fans and serious model collectors about whether a replica showing this new interpretation of Spinosaurus was going to be produced.  We can exclusively reveal that CollectA have done this, and this model will be available from Everything Dinosaur in July (or thereabouts).

To read the article published by Everything Dinosaur on the new Spinosaurus interpretation: Spinosaurus – Four Legs are Better than Two

The Deluxe Spinosaurus measures approximately 36cm in length making it around 4cm bigger than the Deluxe 1:40 scale T. rex dinosaur model also made by CollectA.  The size of this new replica, reflects the current scientific thinking that Spinosaurus aegyptiacus was indeed, larger than Tyrannosaurus rex.

This new model has been very skilfully crafted and it will have an articulated lower jaw.  The introduction of articulated jaws is going to be a feature of many of CollectA’s 2015 product offerings.  Both the eagerly awaited Deluxe feathered T. rex and the 1:40 scale Acrocanthosaurus dinosaurs, which are due to be introduced in the spring, will have articulated lower jaws, as will the 1:4 scale Guidraco Pterosaur replica.

CollectA Deluxe Spinosaurus will have an Articulated Lower Jaw

Model features an articulated jaw.

Model features an articulated jaw.

Picture Credit: CollectA/Everything Dinosaur

In Total Three New Spinosaurus Models from CollectA in 2015

If this news wasn’t enough to get dinosaur fans roaring with excitement, CollectA will be introducing a total of three Spinosaurus replicas in 2015.  The new Deluxe Spinosaurus will be replacing the company’s current Deluxe Spinosaurus.  Joining it will be two smaller models in the very popular, not-to-scale model range.  The existing Spinosaurus model in the not-to-scale range will be replaced by two replicas, one depicting Spinosaurus on land, the other, a model of Spinosaurus swimming.  These two figures will be available from Everything Dinosaur later on this year, and, as soon as we have photographs we will be posting them up, but we do know that each of these replicas measures around 26cm in length.

The 2014 reinterpretation of Spinosaurus attracted  a lot of attention from the scientific community. One of the most controversial areas was how this dinosaur might have protected its huge thumb claw when it walked on four legs.  The idea of Spinosaurus walking on its knuckles has been suggested.

Commenting on these exciting new additions and their relationship to the recently published research, model designer Anthony Beeson stated:

“I am not happy with the idea that the animal walked on its knuckles so I have made the hands point outward when on land as is the other theory [locomotion of an obligate quadruped].  As is the case with the Ichthyovenator [a Spinosauridae dinosaur replica introduced by CollectA last year] I have given the animals many crocodilian features especially the tail scutes that are such a decorative part of those creatures.”

We at Everything Dinosaur are delighted to hear this news and we can’t wait to see the models themselves.  When we have more information we will post it up. Promise!

To view Everything Dinosaur’s range of CollectA prehistoric animal models: CollectA Prehistoric Animal Models

Answering Questions from a Young Dinosaur Fans

Answering Questions Sent in Over Christmas

Over the last few days we have been catching up with our correspondence and one of the tasks is to answer all the questions sent in by young dinosaur fans.  We have had a larger number of questions to handle than in previous years, but we are just about on top of the job.  Our thanks to Owen, Jacob, Simon, Theodore, Claire and Steven for sending in this selection of questions.

How many fingers did Tyrannosaurus rex have?

T. rex has two fingers on each hand.  These dinosaurs evolved from dinosaurs that had three fingers on their hands.  In some Late Cretaceous tyrannosaurid dinosaur fossils a vestigial third finger can be made out.

Was Rajasaurus a powerful dinosaur?

Rajasaurus (the name means “Prince Lizard”) was a member of the abelisaurid group of meat-eating dinosaurs.  The fossils of this dinosaur have been found in Upper Cretaceous rocks of India.  At around eleven metres in length and weighing an estimated 3-4 tonnes this was a indeed a powerful and fearsome hunter.  Living at the same time as Rajasaurus was a second, slightly smaller and more lightly built abelisaurid.  This dinosaur has been named Indosuchus.  It has been suggested that these two predators did not compete for food, Indosuchus tackling smaller animals and the larger Rajasaurus specialising in attacking the really big herbivores such as Titanosaurs.

A Scale Drawing of Rajasaurus

Probably an apex predator in its environment.

Probably an apex predator in its environment.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

There is now strong evidence that these predatory dinosaurs also lived in Europe during the Late Cretaceous.  To read an article about the discovery of an abelisaurid from France: New French abelisaurid Named after Road Builder

Where have fossils of Liliensternus been found?

Fossils of this Late Triassic carnivorous dinosaur have been found in Germany and France.

What were the top five biggest meat-eating dinosaurs?  What were the largest carnivorous dinosaurs called?

This is difficult to say as a number of the very large, carnivorous dinosaurs are known from fragmentary or partial remains.  Some of the largest meat-eating dinosaurs known include Giganotosaurus, Allosaurus fragilis, Saurophaganax, Spinosaurus, Acrocanthosaurus, Torvosaurus gurneyi, Tyrannosaurus rex, Carcharodontosaurus saharicus, Tarbosaurus, Sauroniops pachytholus, Tyrannotitan, Mapusaurus, Zhuchengtyrannus magus.

You can find out more information about these dinosaurs by searching through the articles on this web log or perhaps by looking at dinosaur books.

Was Compsognathus the fastest dinosaur?

Compsognathus was regarded as the smallest dinosaur known for a number of years, but fossil finds in the late 20th Century led to the describing of a number of new species of smaller dinosaurs.  Compsognathus was certainly a swift runner and quite agile and in a study by Manchester University scientists, which compared the velocities of a number of dinosaurs, as well as humans and some flightless birds, Compsognathus came out as the faster sprinter.

To read the article and see the performance table: Could T. rex Run Faster than David Beckham?

However, a number ornithomimid dinosaurs (ostrich mimics), with their longer legs and bigger stride length could probably run faster, certainly in a straight line when compared to the diminutive Compsognathus.  It has been estimated that a dinosaur like Sinornithomimus could have sprinted at over 40 miles per hour.

How big was the horned dinosaur Albertoceratops?

Size estimates vary, but this horned dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of North America was probably around five to six metres in length when fully grown.

Was Mapusaurus a strong dinosaur?

Muscle mass of a dinosaur is difficult to calculate, however, the size and position of key muscle groups can be studied by looking at the scars which indicate areas of muscle attachment on fossil bone.  Mapusaurus (M. roseae) was certainly a large predator.  There is some evidence to suggest that these animals hunted in packs.  The short arms were quite strong, but the hind legs were very powerful indeed.  It has been estimated that this dinosaur could run at speeds approaching 25 miles per hour, perhaps as fast as 30 miles per hour.

To read an article in which Mapusaurus is compared with Tyrannosaurus rexWas Mapusaurus as Big as T. rex?

 What was the smallest dinosaur?  Was the smallest dinosaur Bambiraptor?

A number of recent fossil discoveries has enabled scientists to reconsider which was the smallest dinosaur.  For a long time Mussaurus was thought to be the smallest dinosaur, however, the fossil upon which this claim had been made was actually a baby and as a Prosauropod, Mussaurus probably grew to more than three metres in length.  Several different types of dinosaur are believed to have been less than a metre long, perhaps weighing less than four kilogrammes.  Bambiraptor was around a metre in length, although the holotype material probably represents a juvenile.  The tiny, feathered Theropod from Mongolia known as Shuvuuia has been estimated to have been just sixty centimetres long.  Both Microraptor and Micropachycephalosaurus were extremely small, with estimates for the size of Microraptor at around seventy centimetres and weighing perhaps no more than two kilogrammes.

In 2011, Everything Dinosaur wrote an article all about the “Ashdown Maniraptoran” this is the smallest dinosaur known from Europe, it was about the size of a magpie.

To read the article: The Smallest European Dinosaur

The current title holder of the “smallest dinosaur known to science” is Fruitadens (F. haagarorum).  It may have reached lengths of around forty centimetres, more than half of its body length was made up of its tail.  It weighed as much as two bags of sugar, around 1-2 kilogrammes. The fossils of this tiny dinosaur were found in Colorado.  It is a bird-hipped dinosaur, most probably a plant-eater but it may also have eaten insects.

A Scale Drawing of Fruitadens (Fruitadens haagarorum)

An illustration of perhaps the smallest dinosaur known Fruitadens.

An illustration of perhaps the smallest dinosaur known Fruitadens.

Picture Credit: D. Trankina/NHMLAC

Which was the more powerful dinosaur Allosaurus or Suchomimus?

These are two very different Theropod dinosaurs making comparisons a bit difficult.  Allosaurus fragilis for example, lived during the Late Jurassic, whilst Suchomimus fossils have been found associated with Cretaceous strata at least thirty million years older.  Suchomimus fossils were found in Niger (Africa), whereas Allosaurus fragilis fossils come from the western United States.  In terms of size, Allosaurus may have been slightly bigger at around twelve metres and Allosaurus probably specialised in hunting and eating other dinosaurs, whilst Suchomimus being a member of the Spinosauridae family was probably primarily a fish-eater.  Suchomimus did have stronger arms and shoulders than Allosaurus (most likely).

Where were the fossils of Barosaurus found?  Did the dinosaur called Barosaurus exist?

Barosaurus, the name means “heavy lizard” and the name is pronounced Bah-row-sore-us, was a Sauropod that lived in the Late Jurassic.  It was a member of the diplodocid dinosaur family and its fossils have been found in the western United States (South Dakota, as well as possibly Utah and Wyoming).  It may have reached lengths in excess of 27 metres and weighed as much as 20 tonnes.  Its fossils are relatively rare and when compared to the better known Diplodocus genus, Barosaurus had a longer neck but a shorter tail.  It has been suggested that Barosaurus was a browser of tall trees and the fossils found are associated with wetter parts of what is now known as the Morrison Formation.  A wetter habitat could have allowed the trees to grow taller, ideal for a long-necked Barosaurus to browse upon.

Thank you for all the questions sent in to us, we shall continue to work hard and answer them as best as we can.

Palaeontology and Fossil Predictions for 2015

Everything Dinosaur Attempts to Forecast Future Events

It’s that time of year, when just for a little bit of fun, team members at Everything Dinosaur  try to predict some of the stories and articles that will feature in this web log over the next twelve months.  What will the top dinosaur and prehistoric animal themed news stories be in 2015?  We could cheat a bit and discuss the introduction of a new model of a “swimming Spinosaurus” or indeed confidently claim that a team of Utah-based researchers will reveal news about a predator trap discovery which sheds new light on Utahraptor. However, we won’t, as these stories are already scheduled to feature in our blog over the next few days or so.

So without further a do, let’s look at the predictions that we have come up with:

1). It’s a “Jurassic World”

Due to premier on June 12th and with another “teaser” trailer scheduled to be broadcast as part of this year’s Super Bowl coverage, we at Everything Dinosaur start our predictions with a no-brainer.  ”Jurassic World”, the fourth instalment in the “Jurassic Park” franchise is going to be huge.  It might not be the top film of 2015, after all, there is going to be stiff competition from the likes of Arnold Schwarzenegger “Terminator Genisys”, a new Star Wars movie “The Force Awakens” and another Avengers film to look forward to but it is going to be right up there and it will introduce dinosaurs to a whole new generation of young fans.

“Jurassic World” a Guaranteed Roaring Success for 2015

Jurassic World Poster

Jurassic World Poster

Picture Credit: Universal Studios

We have already recorded some impact from the film already.  Every year, Everything Dinosaur team members calculate an index of the top ten most popular prehistoric animals.  In 2014, new in at number nine came Diabolus rex the big dinosaur, “bad-girl” of the film.  To see part of the article we wrote on the popular prehistoric animals of 2014: Everything Dinosaur’s Top Ten List of Prehistoric Animals (Part 1)

Who knows, one of our predictions for the future is that one day, a dinosaur genus will be erected called Diabolus!

2). Metallome Research Provides Fresh Fossil Insights

Lots of people may have heard of the term genome and we do expect to write more articles related to developments in genetics and the genomes of long extinct organisms, but the metallome is still a relatively unknown term.  A metallome refers to the presence of metals in relation to organic material, biometals if you like, present in cells and other organic structures.  Sophisticated analytics is permitting palaeontologists to detect the minute traces of elemental metals that are associated with organic processes.  They can “filter out” biometals preserved as fossils from the background of elements within the surrounding rocky matrix.  From an analysis of these “prehistoric elemental fingerprints”, palaeontologists will be able to learn more about the biological processes associated with extinct organisms.  Mapping the metallome of Archaeopteryx lithographica perhaps?  This branch of science is still in its nascent form, it has been around for about ten years or so, but it is developing all the time and we predict that we shall be featuring a story about metallome plotting and mapping over the next twelve months.

3). Stegosaurus into the Limelight

Now that “Sophie”, the 5.6 metre long specimen of Stegosaurus stenops has been safely installed at the Natural History Museum in London, we predict that a new paper will be published this year providing a fresh perspective on this iconic dinosaur.  Even though, Stegosaurus featured in our top five most popular prehistoric animals of 2014, very little research on the Stegosauridae, even those famous Morrison Formation examples, has been published in the last one hundred years.  We expect 2015 to change all this and we predict that fresh insights into the Stegosaurs and that tiny brain of theirs will be made.

Stegosaurus to Take Centre Stage in 2015

The preserved skeleton of "Sophie" the Stegosaurus.

The preserved skeleton of “Sophie” the Stegosaurus.

Picture Credit: Natural History Museum of London (picture selected by Milan)

 To read the article on the top five prehistoric animals of 2014: Top Five Most Popular Prehistoric Animals (Everything Dinosaur’s survey)

 4). “Good Day” to Aussie Dinosaurs

Things have been a little quiet “down under” over the last couple of years or so, but we expect all that to change in 2015 with Everything Dinosaur covering a news story about further dinosaur fossil finds in Australia.  Perhaps, more research will be published on the multitude of dinosaur tracks found along parts of the coast of Western Australia, or maybe will be hearing about a new body fossil find near Winton (Queensland).  However, 2015 we predict is going to be an important year for dinosaur fossil discoveries in Australia.  This may prove to be some consolation to Australians in 2015 as we also predict that England will win back “The Ashes” – some hope!

5).  More Insights into Human Evolution – Oldest Hominid Genome Sequenced to Date

We know that scientists are working on this and we think this year, the oldest hominid genome so far, will be sequenced.  In the past, Everything Dinosaur team members have reported on the research into the ancient hominid discoveries found at the Simo de Los Huesos (the “pit of bones”) in the Atapuerca Mountains of northern Spain.  Back in 2013, we reported on the research into the mitochrondial DNA, passed down the maternal line.  The study threw up a surprise as links to the Denisovan hominids from eastern Europe were found.  Was this evidence of interbreeding between ancient Neanderthals and other species of hominid, or the ancestors of the Neanderthal lineage?  Everything Dinosaur predicts that much more complete details related to the nuclear DNA of the Spanish cave remains will be published.  A 400,000 year old mystery about hominid populations and interbreeding will begin to unfold.  We note that a number of science sites have made a similar prediction, they must also be following the research of educational bodies such as the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.

What did our Ancestors Get up To?

New gene research helping to unravel human evolution.

New gene research helping to unravel human evolution.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

6).  A New Chinese Pterosaur

We expect the number of genera of Pterosaurs described to increase once again this year, with a number of Pterosaur fossil stories being published on the Everything Dinosaur web log.  One prediction is that a new genus of Pterosaur from Chinese Cretaceous strata will be erected and the fossil specimen, most likely the designated holotype material, will provide palaeontologists with a fresh insight into Pterosaur anatomy and/or behaviour.  Perhaps, the new Chinese flying reptile will provide a new insight into the diet of dsungaripteroids, or maybe a fossil assigned to the Ornithocheiridae will help to unravel the mystery of how these reptiles nested.

Time for a Chinese Pterosaur Discovery

Our Pteranodon flying

Our Pteranodon flying

 Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

7). Everything Dinosaur social media – Targets and more Targets

Targets and even more targets are going to be set for Everything Dinosaur and the company’s social media output.  Platforms such as Facebook, Twitter and Pinterest are a great way for a small business such as ourselves to reach out and communicate with fellow fossil collectors and fans of prehistoric animals.  We expect “Tyrannosaurus Sue” to be setting more targets in 2015 when it comes to our work on social media platforms.  Will our Facebook page get to 2,000 likes this year?

8).  Malaysia Firmly on the Dinosaur Map

They may turn out to be extremely fragmentary, perhaps there will be almost as much tooth fossil as bone found, but we predict that further dinosaur discoveries will be made in Malaysia in 2015.  We have already written articles featuring dinosaur discoveries from Malaysia and we expect, as more construction work takes place, further dinosaur fossils, most likely dating from the Early Cretaceous, will be found.

To read an earlier article about a Malaysian dinosaur fossil discovery: Getting Our Teeth into Malaysia’s Dinosaurs

9). New species of Horned North American dinosaur Announced

With Everything Dinosaur about to publish an article about a nine tonne stone block that may contain the remains of several Utahraptors, we switch to the Ornithischia for our next prediction.  We believe that the spate of new Ceratopsidae discoveries will continue and that a new genus of North American horned dinosaur will be named and described this year.  Perhaps, instead of a giant Centrosaurine or Chasmosaurine, scientists may uncover more evidence of much smaller species living alongside and amongst their giant relatives.  How about another fast running, facultative biped, a little “Ceratopsian critter” for 2015.

10). Fossil Finding is Child’s Play

Our final prediction and remember this is only a bit of fun, is that somewhere in the United Kingdom in the next twelve months, a young person will make an important fossil discovery.  Perhaps a young girl out on a family walk will come across the bones of an Ice Age mammal, or maybe a boy taking his dog for a rum along a beach might spot a fossil of a marine reptile.  As with all our predictions, we shall have to wait and see.

This time next year, 2016, now that does feel like the future, we will review our predictions and see how we got on.

Teaching Resources from Everything Dinosaur

Everything Dinosaur Supplies Teaching Resources to Schools

In celebration of all the exciting, educational resources that Everything Dinosaur supplies to schools and museums the company has introduced a new banner for the website.  The banner showcases the range of dinosaur and prehistoric animal themed resources that are supplied to schools, whether EYFS (early years foundation stage) or even Key Stage 4 and beyond.

Prehistoric Animal Themed Teaching Resources for Schools and Museums

Fossils, books, puzzles and games for schools.

Fossils, books, puzzles and games for schools.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

A spokesperson for the Cheshire based company explained:

“We are supplying more and more items into schools and museums these days.  Whether it is small dinosaur models for sorting or counting games, books or museum quality replicas we have seen demand for these items grow.  We even have received requests for real dinosaur fossils.  Happy to show school children fossils in our collection and we do supply a range of inexpensive fossils, including sharks teeth, but we would draw the line at supplying dinosaur fossils.”

To view Everything Dinosaur’s range of prehistoric animal learning resources: Learning and Teaching Resources

Happy New Year from Everything Dinosaur

Happy New Year from Everything Dinosaur

Not so long ago we were wishing everyone a “Happy New Year 2014″!  It does not seem like a year has passed but it has and we are now in 2015, still part of the Holocene Epoch, but doesn’t time fly when you are having fun.  Just a quick note to wish everybody a peaceful and prosperous New Year.  January is going to be a busy month for our team members.  We have lots of new dinosaur and prehistoric animal toys to prepare for, video reviews to make and more teaching assignments in the next thirty days or so than in any previous thirty day period.  So it’s onwards and upwards for Everything Dinosaur.

Happy New Year from Everything Dinosaur

Wishing everyone a "Happy New Year"!

Wishing everyone a “Happy New Year”!

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Next August it is our company’s tenth birthday, ten years of supplying dinosaur models and prehistoric animal toys.  Certainly, the time has flown, but before we get on with our duties for the day.  Just time to wish all our customers, followers, supporters, fellow dinosaur fans and fossil collectors a peaceful and prosperous New Year.

Everything Dinosaur’s Top Ten of Prehistoric Animals 2014 (Part 2)

The Top Five Most Popular Prehistoric Animals of 2014

Today, we continue our rundown of the most popular prehistoric animals as compiled by all the data sources available to Everything Dinosaur team members.  We have already published information on numbers ten to six, now it is time to look at the top five.

To see the first part of the countdown: Everything Dinosaur’s Top Ten of Prehistoric Animals 2014 (Part 1)

5). Spinosaurus

A faller from last year, when it hit an all time high at number two, is Spinosaurus.  We received a lot of enquiries about this dinosaur when the new interpretation of this piscivore was published back in September .  This secured this huge reptile’s position in our top five.  The scientific paper which re-examined the Spinosaurus fossil material was published in the journal “Science”.  It was one of the most eagerly awaited papers of the year.  The review interpreted Spinosaurus as an obligate quadruped, in essence, here was an enormous dinosaur that walked on all fours.

To read Everything Dinosaur’s blog article about the new interpretation of Spinosaurus aegyptiacusSpinosaurus – Four Legs are Better than Two

2014 Saw a New Interpretation of Spinosaurus

Very much at home in the water.

Very much at home in the water.

Picture Credit: Davide Bonnadonna, Nizar Ibrahim, Simone Maganuco

4). Stegosaurus

A perennial favourite, especially amongst the girls, is the plated dinosaur Stegosaurus.  Everything Dinosaur received a constant stream of Stegosaurus themed questions and enquiries over the last twelve months or so.  The interest in this Late Jurassic herbivore peaked when the new Stegosaurus exhibit at the Natural History Museum (London) was unveiled.  We even invited a young dinosaur fan (thanks Milan), to blog about this Stegosaurus (S. stenops) specimen, which is affectionately known as “Sophie”.

Stegosaurus Popular with the Girls

Milan used this picture to illustrate his dinosaur documentary.

Milan used this picture to illustrate his dinosaur documentary.

Picture Credit: Courtesy of the Natural History Museum and chosen by Milan

To read Milan’s article all about “Sophie” the Stegosaurus: Information about “Sophie” the Stegosaurus thanks to Milan and Alisha

Everything Dinosaur confidently predicts that the research project currently being undertaken at the Natural History Museum will yield some very interesting information about Stegosaurs.

3). Triceratops

A non mover at number three and the only representative of the horned dinosaurs in our top ten countdown is Triceratops.  It is ironic that “three horned face” remains at number three in our countdown of the ten most popular prehistoric animals of 2014.  This dinosaur is popular with both boys and girls and with the introduction of the Papo baby Triceratops replica in August, sales of Triceratops models were given a boost.

Helping to Keep Triceratops Popular

The baby Triceratops figure next to the adult Papo Triceratops

The baby Triceratops figure next to the adult Papo Triceratops

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The baby Triceratops certainly works well with the excellent adult Triceratops model introduced by Papo.

To view the range of Papo prehistoric animal models available at Everything Dinosaur: Papo Dinosaurs

A number of scientific papers detailing research into the Ceratopsidae were published this year.  Almost without fail, Triceratops got a mention somewhere.  Despite the increase in Centrosaurine and Chasmosaurine dinosaurs, Triceratops remains very much the best known of all the horned dinosaurs.  There was some research published in 2014 dedicated to the Triceratops genus itself.  In July, Everything Dinosaur reported upon some fascinating research that looked at how Triceratops species evolved over the course of the latter stages of the Late Cretaceous.

To read an article on the Triceratops research: How Triceratops Got Its Horns and Beak

2). Velociraptor

Up two places from last year and into the runners up spot comes Velociraptor, a rapid rise for the “speedy bird of prey”.  A short clip from the “Jurassic World” trailer showing Chris Pratt on a motorbike leading his posse of trained Velociraptors got tongues wagging and we were contacted about this by a lot of other bloggers as well as media correspondents.  Could Velociraptors be trained?  Would there be a “raptor show” in the “Jurassic World” theme park?  These are the sort of questions we were asked.  As with all the questions we get asked, we did our best to answer them using our knowledge of the Dromaeosauridae.  After all, if parrots can be trained to ride bicycles then why not train a Velociraptor to follow a motorbike?

Trained Velociraptors? – “Jurassic World”

Velociraptors feature in the forthcoming movie.

Velociraptors feature in the forthcoming movie.

Picture Credit: Universal Studios

Before we reveal our number one, a few honourable mentions for those prehistoric animals not quite in our top ten.  Pachyrhinosaurus (horned dinosaur), Dolichorhynchops and Ichthyosaurus (marine reptiles), Smilodon (Sabre-Toothed Cat), Yutyrannus (Early Cretaceous tyrannosaurid) and the Pterosaur Pteranodon.

1). Tyrannosaurus rex

Remaining at number and it seems more popular than ever is Tyrannosaurus rex.  Interestingly, the “King of the Tyrant Lizards”, got a boost in popularity due to the increasing number of new types of tyrannosaurid that have been described over the last two years or so.  As more research is published on dinosaurs such as Yutyrannus and Lythronax argestes, so just like Triceratops placed at number 3, T. rex tends to get a mention in the text and this leads to more questions being asked at Everything Dinosaur. There is a “knock on” effect that benefits Triceratops to some extent but T. rex benefits more.   Tyrannosaurus rex is such an iconic animal that it manages to get a look in even when the initial subject matter has nothing to do with it.  For example, the book, “Dinosaurs of the British Isles” features information on T. rex even though no Tyrannosaurus rex as far as we know, ever lived anywhere else except North America.  A T. rex is very likely to be seen in “Jurassic World” so we confidently predict this apex predator is going to be number one next year as well.

The introduction of a new Tyrannosaurus rex model by Schleich helped T. rex dinosaur sales as did the spectacular Rebor KING T-REX 1:35 scale replica which came out in early December.

The Rebor 1:35 scale Tyrannosaurus rex Dinosaur Model

Nicknamed King T. rex!

Nicknamed King T. rex!

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

To read the article about the Rebor KING T-REX: Putting the “King” into the Tyrant Lizard

So there you have it, we complete our blog articles for 2014 by finishing off our top ten countdown of the most popular prehistoric animals.

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