Category: Everything Dinosaur Products

“Savage” The Ceratosaurus Countdown – Two Weeks!

Rebor Ceratosaurus “Savage” Available Around Mid April

The next edition in the highly acclaimed Rebor replica series will be arriving at Everything Dinosaur shortly.  A spokesperson for the company stated that the shipment of 1:35 scale Ceratosaurus replicas could be at the company’s warehouse as early as the middle of April.  The Ceratosaurus is the fourth replica in the Rebor Collection to be introduced, it is also the fourth Theropod dinosaur ( it joins Yutyrannus, Tyrannosaurus rex and Utahraptor).   Unlike the other meat-eating dinosaurs in this very collectible series, the genus Ceratosaurus actually consists of a number of species.  At least six different species have been assigned although a number are regarded as nomen dubium, this contrasts with the other carnivorous dinosaurs so far depicted by Rebor which only have one species within their genus.  It could be argued that there is a second species within Tyrannosaurus (T. bataar), but at Everything Dinosaur we tend to support the hypothesis that although North American tyrannosaurids are descended from Asian Tyrannosaurs, the distinct genus for Tarbosaurus remains valid.

New Rebor Replica on the Block –  1:35 Scale Ceratosaurus

Available from Everything Dinosaur from Mid April.

Available from Everything Dinosaur from Mid April.

Picture Credit: Rebor/Everything Dinosaur

The Ceratosaurus has been nick-named “Savage” and it is a representation of one of the largest of the Ceratosaurus species named so far (C. dentisulcatus).  This species was erected in 2000 A.D. after a re-assessment of a particularly large specimen found in the famous Cleveland-Lloyd quarry in Utah (Morrison Formation).  Although believed to represent a single dinosaur, the bones that were used to establish this new, larger species of Ceratosaurus were found over a period of many years and from a number of locations (but within the same horizon), within the dig site.  It has been estimated that Ceratosaurus dentisulcatus could have reached a length around 8.5 metres, one third longer than the first species of Ceratosaurus named by Othniel Charles Marsh back in the mid 1880′s.  Like all the Ceratosaurs, it had a relatively long tail compared to the rest of its body.  Marsh commented on the resemblance of the tail to a crocodile’s when he studied the bones that would be assigned to C. nasicornis, the first species to be named.  He suggested that this dinosaur would have been very much at home in the swampy regions of the Morrison and the tail would have helped this dinosaur to swim very effectively across the many large rivers and lakes that existed in this part of the United States back in the Late Jurassic.

The Skilfully Constructed Base Reflects the Swampy Home of Ceratosaurus

Skilfully hand-painted base

Skilfully hand-painted base

Picture Credit: Rebor/Ceratosaurus

The hand-painted base boasts realistic plants, logs, mud effect and even a puddle that’s made of transparent resin to create the impression of real water.  Although, Ceratosaurus dentisulcatus is known from a collection of bones thought to represent a single animal, all the material ascribed to this species come from the Brushy Basin Member of the Morrison Formation.  This is the youngest member of the Morrison, with strata dating from around 148 million years ago.  At this time, this part of the world was more humid and wetter than previously, desert areas had given way to lush, verdant habitats.  It seems likely that Ceratosaurus dentisulcatus was a dinosaur that lived in a wetland environment.  The details on the replica’s base reflect this and Rebor must be credited for the care and attention they have lavished on the development of an accurate base for their replica.

Intriguingly, although some cranial material has been ascribed to C. dentisulcatus, it is not known for sure whether this dinosaur actually possessed that signature nasal horn that gives this genus its name.  These bones have not been found, as far as we at Everything Dinosaur are aware.

Why Ceratosaurus dentisulcatus?

We asked our chums at Rebor why this particular species rather than the better known Ceratosaurus nasicornis?  C. nasicornis is the species that we at Everything Dinosaur based our own Ceratosaurus fact sheet upon and the first species to be identified within the genus.

A spokesperson for Rebor stated that there were several reasons behind their choice.  Firstly, C. dentisulcatus was a more massive and robust animal when compared to what is known about C. nasicornis.  The tibia (shinbones) for example are six centimetres longer and other direct comparisons indicate that Ceratosaurus dentisulcatus was a bigger and more formidable carnivore.  Rebor are aware that the fossil material first used to describe Ceratosaurus nasicornis very probably represents a sub-adult and that C. nasicornis could well have been much bigger and heavier than stated.  However, when you take into account those more recurved and substantially bigger teeth associated with C. dentisulcatus when compared to other Ceratosaurus species, you can understand the appeal of this particular Ceratosaurus species to a model manufacturer.  Incidentally, it is the larger and strongly recurved teeth in the premaxilla (upper jaw) and the front three teeth of the dentary (lower jaw) with their very visible parallel grooves running down their medial surface (inside facing) that give this species its name.  We speculate that these grooves helped inflict maximum damage with bites and that the grooves could have helped blood flow from wounds thus hastening the demise of victims – very nasty, the Dinosauria equivalent of “dum-dum” bullets!

A Comparison of Ceratosaurus magnicornis skull material with Ceratosaurus dentisulcatus

Although not to same scale the more strongly recurved teeth of C. dentisulcatus can be seen.

Although not to same scale the more strongly recurved teeth of C. dentisulcatus can be seen.

Picture Credit: Utah Geological Survey/Everything Dinosaur

In the diagram above, the left lateral views of skull material from C. magnicornis and C. dentisulcatus are compared.  Although the skull of C. magnicornis is more compressed and these diagrams are not to scale, the proportionately bigger and more curved teeth of Ceratosaurus dentisulcatus can be made out.  Ceratosaurus magnicornis, which is known from the lower part of the Brushy Basin Member of the Morrison Formation, but this time from exposures located in Colorado (Fruita, Colorado), was very probably larger than Ceratosaurus nasicornis, but perhaps not as big as C. dentisulcatus.  Direct size comparisons are difficult, as the holotype material associated with C.  magnicornis, just like C. nasicornis may represent a not fully grown animal.  What is interesting is that the nose horn on C. magnicornis is bigger, so it has been concluded that if Ceratosaurus dentisulcatus is larger still, then its nose horn was probably big too.  A large nose horn can be clearly seen on the Rebor replica.

A Dorsal View of the Rebor Ceratosaurus Model

The characteristic bony armour (ossicles and osteoderms) can be clearly made out.

The characteristic bony armour (ossicles and osteoderms) can be clearly made out.

Picture Credit: Rebor/Everything Dinosaur

“Savage”, the 1:35 scale Rebor Ceratosaurus replica is going to be available from Everything Dinosaur around mid April.  Could Ceratosaurus finally be stepping out into the limelight and join Allosaurus and Ceratosaurus in being regarded as an apex predator?

To view Everything Dinosaur’s Rebor range of models: Rebor Prehistoric Animal Replicas

The Last of the Carnegie Collection Acrocanthosaurus

Carnegie Collection Acrocanthosaurus (Model Number 403901)

First produced in 2001, the Carnegie Collection Acrocanthosaurus was a mainstay of this highly popular model series up until its retirement back in 2010.  The model was rarely found in ordinary toy shops with their plethora of T. rex, Stegosaurus and Triceratops replicas and genuine dinosaur model collectors had to seek this one out more often than not.  Acrocanthosaurus (A. atokensis) was one of the largest meat-eating dinosaurs of North America during the Early Cretaceous.  It has been estimated to have reached lengths in excess of twelve metres and footprints found in Texas (USA), might be those of this huge Theropod dinosaur and, if so, they indicate that this dinosaur may have hunted in packs.

Model Number 403901 Carnegie Collection Acrocanthosaurus

Acrocanthosaurus dinosaur model - Carnegie Collection

Acrocanthosaurus dinosaur model – Carnegie Collection

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

So why the interest in this dinosaur model, one that was officially retired five years ago?  With the demise of the entire Carnegie Collection model series, team members at Everything Dinosaur know that many collectors and dinosaur model fans are eager to get their hands on this replica so that they can complete their Carnegie collections.  Everything Dinosaur has been able to acquire a number of these dinosaur models and we are selling them at the same price they were back in 2010 just £4.99 plus postage.  After all, why should we exploit a situation just because a dinosaur model is getting rarer and rarer.

To view the range of Safari Ltd dinosaur models available from Everything Dinosaur: Safari Ltd Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals

So for all those dinosaur fans and model collectors, he is one last opportunity to acquire what is becoming an increasingly rare dinosaur – the Acrocanthosaurus dinosaur model – Carnegie Collection.

Lottie the Fossil Hunter

Everything Dinosaur Supports Women In Science

With our school visits to deliver dinosaur and fossil themed workshops, Everything Dinosaur team members are heavily involved in helping to promote geology/palaeontology and careers in science to young people.  We are very aware of the need to promote science to both girls and boys and as we visit a large number of schools we recognise that our team members can make an important contribution.  It’s not just our school visits, we supply lots of helpful teaching resources to teachers and home educationalists and provide advice on all sorts of Earth science related subjects from “Anning to Zuniceratops” as our boss, known as “Tyrannosaurus Sue” likes to say.  This week alone, we have provided free lesson plan advice to a Year 6 teacher as they prepare to teach evolution as a term topic, supported a Key Stage 2 teaching team with their fossils and rocks scheme of work and answered questions from school leavers about the potential roles and vocations within the umbrella of palaeontology.  Fact sheets on Smilodon fatalis and Allosaurus fragilis have been emailed to India and we have supplied Ammonite models to help a geologist explain about life in Jurassic marine environments – all this and it is still only Monday.

Dinosaurs and Fossils are Not Just for the Boys!

Encouraging women into the Earth Sciences!

Encouraging women into the Earth Sciences!

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

We have been so lucky to have met and worked with some amazing women scientists. That’s why Everything Dinosaur is delighted to introduce “Lottie the fossil hunter doll” into our extensive product range.

Say Hello to “Lottie the Fossil Hunter”

Lottie the Fossil Hunter

Lottie the Fossil Hunter

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

We first met Lottie quite a few months ago when she was very much at the prototype stage.  We applaud the efforts of those women behind the TrowelBlazers, celebrating the role of women in archaeology, geology and palaeontology who have done amazing work in the past, continue to do so today and will no doubt be at the cutting edge of the Earth Sciences in the future.  Our boss Sue, (volcanism is her thing), only wishes that Lottie had been around when she was growing up.

To view Lottie the fossil hunter and other educational themed items: Learning All About Dinosaurs and Fossils

Sue commented:

“There have been some wonderful women who have been pioneers in the development of palaeontology and geology and we are all keen to help encourage girls into science careers.  Sadly, in some quarters those Georgian/early Victorian  attitudes that dogged Mary Anning can still be found, but we are doing all we can to stress that dinosaurs and fossils are not just for boys.”

As if to affirm Sue’s comments, we received a letter from Shantel in Year 2 after a dinosaur workshop with her class.  Shantel was delighted that we came to her school as she was “very excited because we love dinosaurs”.

Shantel’s Thank You Letter (Year 2)

Encouraging girls to learn about fossils and life in the past.

Encouraging girls to learn about fossils and life in the past.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur/Southglade Primary School

Great writing Shantel and thank you for your kind words, we know that Lottie the fossil hunter will be very impressed.

Lottie The Fossil Hunter – Girls Rock!

Girls definitely rock!

Girls definitely rock!

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The Dinosaur Timeline Poster

Dinosaur Timeline Poster

Many dinosaur fans may be familiar with the phrase the Age of Dinosaurs.  This term represents the time when the Dinosauria were the dominant terrestrial life forms on our planet.  This informal measurement of deep time actually covers three geological periods, the Triassic, the Jurassic and the Cretaceous.  The first dinosaurs and the Pterosauria (flying reptiles), evolved in the Middle Triassic, although this is only an approximation as the evolutionary history of the Dinosauria and Pterosauria remains controversial due to the paucity of the fossil record.  Both these types of vertebrate reptiles rapidly diversified and for the next one hundred and sixty million years these types of creatures dominated the land and the air respectively.  For the Pterosaurs, the evolution of the birds (descended from Theropod dinosaurs), led to them being challenged for aerial dominance and as a group, the flying reptiles began to decline in terms of the number of genera and species towards the end of the Cretaceous.  Both the Pterosaurs and the Dinosauria went extinct at the end of the Cretaceous.

This super, beautifully illustrated A2-sized poster shows how the world changed over the time of the “Age of Dinosaurs”.  Three scenes are presented, one for each of the geological periods and dates for the length of these immensely long geological periods are provided.

A Fantastic Dinosaur Timeline Poster

The excellent Dinosaur Timeline Poster

The excellent Dinosaur Timeline Poster

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Each prehistoric scene depicts the flora and fauna associated with that particular time period.  It provides an excellent, visual guide to the changes to life on Earth during the time of the dinosaurs.  There are a total of thirty prehistoric animals illustrated and the poster provides a stunning depiction of prehistoric life.  The dinosaur timeline poster has a key to help viewers to identify the animals and the dioramas really help young minds to understand the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous periods and the types of animals and plants that flourished.

To see the range of educational prehistoric animal posters available from Everything Dinosaur: Dinosaur Posters for Kids

This colourful dinosaur timeline poster measures 42cm by 59.4cm and it is a really well thought out dinosaur and prehistoric animal poster.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur stated:

“We have searched for quite a while to find a colourful, accurate and educational dinosaur timeline poster and we are delighted with this item.  Retailing for under £2.50 GBP [2015] plus post and packaging, this poster represents fantastic value.  We highly recommend it for use in schools, for use by home educationalists and for the bedroom walls of young dinosaur fans.”

A Close up of the Jurassic Scene from the Dinosaur Timeline Poster

Beautifully illustrated and educational

Beautifully illustrated and educational.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Still Time to Enter Everything Dinosaur’s Prehistoric Animal Model Competition

Still Time to Enter Everything Dinosaur’s Model Competition

WIN! WIN! WIN! with Everything Dinosaur!  Closing date for competition Tuesday March 24th.  PLEASE NOTE THIS COMPETITION IS NOW CLOSED

There is still time to enter Everything Dinosaur’s win a set of the new for 2015 CollectA prehistoric animal models competition, but you can’t afford to hang about as the closing date is less than a week away.

CollectA, those clever model and figure manufacturers have introduced some amazingly detailed, new prehistoric animal figures this year  and we are giving one lucky dinosaur model fan the chance to get their hands on a set of these models.

CollectA Prehistoric Animal Models to Win
Win a set of CollectA models with Everything Dinosaur!

Win a set of CollectA models with Everything Dinosaur!

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur 

Included in our super prehistoric animal giveaway is the mighty 1:40 scale Pliosaur, two horned dinosaurs Nasutoceratops and Medusaceratops, the ferocious Xiongguanlong, Daxiatitan, a huge, plant-eating dinosaur from China, the Temnodontosaurus and a pair of magnificent prehistoric mammal models Daeodon and Moropus (both 1:20 scale).  Eight fantastic collector’s items, the very first to come off the production line and to win this prize all you have to do is to come up with a collective noun for a collection of CollectA!  It really is as easy as that.

To take part in Everything Dinosaur’s competition, all you have to do is “Like” Everything Dinosaur’s FACEBOOK page, then comment on the picture (either here or on Everything Dinosaur’s Facebook page)  including a suggestion for the collective noun for a set of CollectA prehistoric animal replicas.

Everything Dinosaur on FACEBOOK: “LIKE” Our Facebook Page and Enter Competition

For example, if the collective noun for a group of lions is a “pride” and we have a “pack” of dogs, a “swarm” of bees, a “gaggle” of geese, then what term can you come up with for a collection of CollectA prehistoric animals?

We will draw the lucky winner at random and the name caption competition closes on Tuesday, March 24th.  Good luck!

Just visit Everything Dinosaur’s Facebook page, give our page a “like” and then leave a comment on the picture showing the set of eight prehistoric animal models. What collective noun can you come up with?

“Like” Everything Dinosaur’s Page on Facebook

Like our Page (please).

Like our Page (please).


Super CollectA Models to Win Thanks to Everything Dinosaur
Win a fantastic set of 8 prehistoric animal models.

Win a fantastic set of eight CollectA models.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur


To view Everything Dinosaur’s range of CollectA prehistoric animals: CollectA Dinosaurs and Other Replicas

To see the full range of CollectA scale prehistoric animal replicas: CollectA Scale Prehistoric Animals

Terms and Conditions of the Everything Dinosaur Collective Noun Competition

Automated entries are not permitted and will be excluded from the draw.

This promotion is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with, Facebook.

Only one entry per person.

The prize is non-transferable and no cash alternative will be offered.

The Everything Dinosaur collective noun caption competition runs until March 24th 2015.

Winner will be notified by private message on Facebook.

Prize includes postage and packing.

For full terms and conditions contact: Contact Everything Dinosaur

Wild Safari Dinosaurs Monolophosaurus Wins Award

Monolophosaurus Voted Best Prehistoric Animal Toy Figure of 2014

Readers of “Prehistoric Times” magazine have voted the Monolophosaurus dinosaur model made by Safari Ltd as the best prehistoric animal toy figure for 2014.  This dinosaur is known from just one fossil specimen found in north-western China (Xinjiang Province), it has been assigned to the Megalosauroidea super-family of the Theropoda, although its phylogenetic affinities remain unclear.  It was certainly a formidable hunter, reaching lengths in excess of five metres and perhaps weighing as much as four male African lions (Panthero leo).

Award Winning Monolophosaurus Dinosaur Model

Middle Jurassic Theropod Dinosaur

Middle Jurassic Theropod Dinosaur

Picture Credit: Safari Ltd

This model, originally sculpted by Doug Watson, is part of the highly successful Wild Safari Dinosaurs model range made by Safari Ltd.   The Monopholosaurus was one of three, new dinosaurs added to this range in 2014, the others being the spinosaurid Suchomimus and the horned dinosaur Pachyrhinosaurus.

Everything Dinosaur produced a short, video review of this model back in February 2014.  This video (running time of 5:49), provides details about this dinosaur, its discovery and reflects on the way the model maker has interpreted the fossil evidence.

Everything Dinosaur Reviews the Wild Safari Dinosaurs Monolophosaurus

Video Credit: Everything Dinosaur

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“It’s a pat on the back for Safari Ltd for having their Monolophosaurus honoured in this way.  For us, it is very pleasing to see Middle Jurassic dinosaurs from China being included in such a prestigious model series.  Most model ranges include the likes of Allosaurus and Tyrannosaurus rex but for a company to produce a replica of Monolophosaurus, this really helps to make that range stand out.”

To view the range of Safari Ltd models available from Everything Dinosaur: Safari Ltd Prehistoric Animal Models

For us, what’s the most intriguing thing about “Single Crested Lizard”?  Surprisingly, it’s not trying to work out the function of that bizarre, thin crest on the head.  The jawbone of the holotype showed signs of puncture marks and scratches that were made by the teeth of another meat-eating dinosaur.  Since no other parts of the holotype fossil material showed such signs, this was interpreted as not post-mortem scavenging on the carcase, but evidence of “face biting” between rivals, perhaps even siblings.

The End of the Line for the Carnegie Collectibles Range

Safari Ltd and the Carnegie Museum of Natural History Part Company

It has been announced that Safari Ltd, the American figure and model manufacturer, has ended its twenty-eight year collaboration with the Carnegie Museum of Natural History.  This means that the scale model series known as the Carnegie Collectibles will be coming to an end.  First marketed in 1988, the Carnegie Collectibles range has featured a number of iconic dinosaur figures, the 1:10 scale feathered Velociraptor model, which arrived at Everything Dinosaur’s website just a few weeks ago, will be the last of this series to have been introduced.

The Carnegie Collectibles Feathered Velociraptor Model

Available from Everything Dinosaur in 2015.

Available from Everything Dinosaur.

Picture Credit: Safari Ltd

The hand-painted replicas have been a staple for dinosaur fans and model collectors alike.  Each figure was authenticated by palaeontologists at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) and this model series had been described as “the world’s premier line of scale model dinosaur figures.”

Alexandre Pariente (CEO of Safari Ltd) commented:

“We have thoroughly enjoyed working with Carnegie, so this was a very difficult decision.  We are proud of the value created through this cooperative effort over the years for our Carnegie Dinosaurs line.  We took our time and carefully analysed Safari’s direction and ultimately concluded that Carnegie and Safari have divergent interests and it made sense for us to part ways.  We wish Carnegie will in its future endeavours.”

In contrast to the limited numbers of new models introduced under the Carnegie Collectibles banner, the Wild Safari Dinos range, had four new additions, this year, including the highly acclaimed Yutyrannus replica, which joins an ever growing list of Theropod replicas within this series.  For example, a new interpretation of Suchomimus was added in 2014 along with an award winning Monolophosaurus dinosaur model.

The Feathered Yutyrannus (Y. huali) Part of the Wild Safari Dinos Model Range

Available from Everything Dinosaur in 2015.

Available from Everything Dinosaur.

Picture Credit: Safari Ltd

Safari Ltd have stated that they are moving forward and exploring new opportunities, including the potential to work with other museums and educational institutions that have significant prospects for growth and the potential to add value to the educational marketplace.

CEO Alexandre Pariente went onto add:

“While Safari Ltd very much appreciates the years of great collaboration with Carnegie in creating the best quality figurines that helped teach children around the globe about dinosaurs we’re not looking back.”

We imagine that there will be even greater emphasis place on the Wild Safari Dinos range and we at Everything Dinosaur are already anticipating a number of new releases in this line in 2016.

Production has ended for the Carnegie Collectibles range, which means that stocks will soon run out.  Collectors and dinosaur fans therefore, only have a short window of opportunity to purchase any models that they have not yet acquired.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur stated:

“We do understand the reasons for the relationship between these two fine organisations coming to an end.  However, we know how committed Safari Ltd are to the production of fine quality, hand-painted prehistoric animal models and we, as long-term partners of Safari Ltd look forward to working with them even closer over the next few years.”

Everything Dinosaur has stocks of this model range and a further shipment is due in shortly, but once they’re gone, they’re gone!

To view Everything Dinosaur’s range of Carnegie Collectible prehistoric animal replicas: Safari Ltd Carnegie Collectibles and Wild Safari Dinos

Congratulations to Pegasus T. rex and Triceratops Model Kits

Pegasus Dinosaur Model Kits Best Prehistoric Animal Model Kits of 2014

The Pegasus Tyrannosaurus rex and the Pegasus Triceratops model kits have been voted the best prehistoric animal model kits of 2014 by readers of Prehistoric Times magazine.  The beautiful and highly detailed models are based on sculptures created by Galileo Hernandez Nunez of Mexico and each replica is in approximately 1:24 scale.  Readers of Prehistoric Times magazine were asked to vote on the most impressive model introduced last year and these acclaimed kits won easily.

Pegasus Hobbies – Triceratops

Great quality model kit to build and paint.

Great quality model kit to build and paint.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“These are a superb range of scale model replicas which are aimed at dinosaur fans, collectors and model builders.  Designed by top figure sculptors, they provide model makers from fourteen years and upwards with the chance to assemble and paint fantastic prehistoric animal replicas.  Each model in the range, including the new Spinosaurus, is supplied with its own educational fact sheet, researched and written by Everything Dinosaur team members.”

To view the range of Pegasus Hobbies dinosaur kits: Pegasus Hobbies (Dinosaur Model Kits)

Top Quality Tyrannosaurus rex Replica Kit

A model kit featuring the "Tyrant Lizard King".

A model kit featuring the “Tyrant Lizard King”.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

Everything Dinosaur team members would like to add their congratulations to Pegasus Hobbies.

Feedback from an Everything Dinosaur Customer

A Customer Provides Feedback to Everything Dinosaur

Everything Dinosaur prides itself in providing exceptional customer service.  To date we have had posted onto our website Everything Dinosaur a total of 1,247 customer reviews, that’s a total of forty-seven reviews since we passed our landmark of 1,200 reviews on line on the 22nd December 2014.

In addition, we receive lots of emails and letters from customers telling us how pleased they are with our service and our products.  We are grateful for all the feedback and support that we receive.

Here is a typical comment emailed to us:

“I can only express my experience with high praise as I am greatly impressed on the incredible service that I have received.  Not only was the website easy to use to make an order but the continued support and peace of mind from yourself on my purchase increased my first time experience to make me want to sing your website with praise and guarantee a return visit for many more purchases.  Everything was packaged extremely well and the initial time of ordering and receiving my items was extremely satisfying.  I was further increased with joy on my order to receive very interesting fact sheets on the dinosaurs I purchased which ideally creates a very pleasant sense of care and detail put into my order than just putting items into a box.  I know it isn’t much but a hand written address also gives that personal touch that each of your items are well looked after and your wanting to ensure that every transaction runs smoothly.  Your full team are fantastic and have made a loyal returning customer out of me.”

It is always a pleasure to hear from our customers.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur stated:

” We all try our very best to help customers and to provide a very high level of customer care.  It is the extra touches such as taking time to hand write address labels so they are checked by a person, adding fact sheets to parcels and emailing customers to let them know that their order has been received that really sets Everything Dinosaur apart.”

Everything Dinosaur must be doing something right!  This small company made up of dedicated teachers and dinosaur experts has received nearly fifty reviews on its website, twenty-one 4* or better reviews on the teaching website since the turn of the year and sixty-three “likes” on its Facebook page since the 23rd February.

The Prehistoric Animals of Jurassic World – Dilophosaurus

The Dilophosaurus Dinosaur and Jurassic Park (Jurassic World)

It’s 104 days and counting until the world premier of the new film in the “Jurassic Park” franchise “Jurassic World” and we can’t wait.  Just for a bit of fun as we countdown to the June 12th premier, our dinosaur experts are commenting on the various prehistoric animals that have featured in previous movies during this dinosaur themed franchise and just might get a look in when it comes to the nasty protagonists in the fourth instalment “Jurassic World”.

Second in this occasional series, one of the most controversial dinosaur portrayals in cinema history, a “spitter” otherwise known as Dilophosaurus.  The Theropod dinosaur known as Dilophosaurus may be familiar to movie goers because of its appearance in the first Jurassic Park film (1993), but sadly, this dinosaur was not portrayed very accurately.  A number of species have been named and fossils ascribed to this genus have been found in the western United States and China.  With one species, Dilophosaurus wetherilli, fossils of which come from Arizona, estimated to have measured in excess of six metres, this dinosaur was one of the largest predators around in the Early Jurassic.  However, in the film a much smaller dinosaur was depicted, the movie version was only about three metres long.  The size of the dinosaur has been explained by a number of commentators who have suggested that the Dilophosaurus featured in the first of the franchise was merely a baby.

The Dilophosaurus from the Film (Jurassic Park) 1993

A relatively small animal was depicted.

A relatively small animal was depicted.

Picture Credit: Universal Pictures

 This meat-eating dinosaur was responsible for the death of one of the villains of the film, when Dennis Nedry, (played by Wayne Knight), the computer programmer responsible for cutting the power to the Park was attacked and eaten.  The “Jurassic Park” Dilophosaurus (see picture above), did have those famous thin, double crests running across the top of its snout.  Dilophosaurus means “double crested lizard”, quite what purpose those crests served remains unknown.  Indeed, the crests have never been found attached to the skull, it is not certain that the bony crests were on the head, although the restoration in which the crests run parallel to each other along the snout does seem to be the most convincing.

The Jurassic Park Dilophosaurus had a neck frill and a very bright and colourful one at that.  This neck frill only became obvious immediately prior to the dinosaur attacking.    There is no fossil evidence to suggest that Dilophosaurus, or indeed any Theropod dinosaur had such a feature, but as most palaeontologists believe that the Dinosauria all had excellent colour vision, the film makers can at least be assured that the flashy red and yellow markings would have been noticed should “Jurassic Park” have made its debut sometime in the Mesozoic.

In the Film Dilophosaurus Had a Brightly Coloured Neck Frill

As depicted in the "Jurassic Park" film with a neck frill.

As depicted in “Jurassic Park” with a neck frill.

Picture Credit: Universal Pictures

The name “spitter” is a reference to another rather misleading feature of the Dilophosaurus from the film.  In order to overpower its victim, this dinosaur spat venom into the eyes of its potential prey.  Poor Dennis Nerdy, he did not see his end coming as he had been temporarily blended by the spitting Dilophosaur.  Once again, there is no fossil evidence to support the idea that this dinosaur was venomous.  Dinosaurs that had venom are a figment of Michael Crichton’s imagination, the author of the original book.  Or are they?  Certainly, there is no evidence to suggest that a Coelophysid such as Dilophosaurus was the dinosaur equivalent of a spitting Cobra, but back in December 2009, Everything Dinosaur team members wrote an article about one of the theories associated with Sinornithosaurus from the Early Cretaceous of China.  The light, thin skull of this small dinosaur did not seem very well suited to tackling struggling prey.  Then it was noticed that some of the larger teeth in the upper jaw and strange grooves running down them.  Could these teeth have evolved into fangs, linked to a venom sack, so that when Sinornithosaurus bit into a potential meal, poison ran down the tooth groves into the poor, soon to be poisoned victim?

To read more about the research into this Chinese dinosaur: Evidence for a Venomous Dinosaur?

The problem with venom glands is that being made of soft tissue, it is highly unlikely that these organs would survive the fossilisation process.  Given the very poor preservation of majority of the Dilophosaurus material from the United States, it can be stated with a degree of confidence that a venomous Dilophosaurus cannot be ruled out, however, it cannot be ruled in either.

A number of Dilophosaurus dinosaur models have been produced.   CollectA made a not-to-scale replica, one of their early models in the highly successful “Prehistoric Life” model series.  More recently, Safari Ltd introduced a Dilophosaurus into the “Wild Safari Dinos” model range.

To view the Safari Ltd range of prehistoric animal models available from Everything Dinosaur: Safari Ltd Prehistoric Animal Models

The Wild Safari Dinos Dilophosaurus Dinosaur Model

Dilophosaurus (Carnegie Collectibles)

Dilophosaurus Dinosaur Model

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The model depicts an agile, cursorial dinosaur with, of course very colourful head crests.  Papo, the French model manufacturer chose to make their Dilophosaurus more robust, giving the impression of a powerful hunter.

The Papo Dilophosaurus Dinosaur Model

Fossils found 60 years ago helped to describe Dilophosaurus.

Fossils found 60 years ago helped to describe Dilophosaurus.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

It seems that just like in the movies, model making companies can come up with different interpretations when it comes to known fossil material.

Will there be Dilophosaurus in Jurassic World?  Who knows?  However, on the island where the film is set, (Isla Nublar), the northernmost area is a “no go zone” for park visitors.  It is segregated from the theme park.  Perhaps this is the area of the island where some dinosaurs are allowed to roam free and perhaps, just perhaps, this is the part of the island in which the Dilophosaurs from the first movie were allowed to grow up.

We shall have to wait and see…

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