All about dinosaurs, fossils and prehistoric animals by Everything Dinosaur team members.
21 07, 2013

Preparing an “Everything Dinosaur” Signature

By | July 21st, 2013|Adobe CS5|0 Comments

Icon Required for Everything Dinosaur Signature Image

Team members at Everything Dinosaur were asked to produce a signature image the other day, something that would be instantly recognisable as to what we do and what we represent.  Fortunately, we are getting a little better at managing Photoshop and we have built up a very large database of images to choose from.

A number of ideas were put forward, all of them featuring dinosaurs with members of our small team.  From this list, three templates were moved on from the “drawing board” stage and we began to work on them using Photoshop.  Once these three had been prepared as “psd” documents, no mean feat, and a task that took one of our team members a couple of hours to complete, a vote was taken as to which one we should use as a signature.

The Winning Image/Signature

Presenting an image to the world.

Presenting an image to the world.

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The image had to feature a dinosaur and we chose Tyrannosaurus rex.  T. rex has come out as number one every year in our annual poll of the most popular prehistoric animals, so it was quite an easy choice.  Our logo and website had to be included and after this it was simply a case of creating the right sized logo and combining all the elements together.  Once we were happy, the image/signature was converted to jpg format and it could go live.

Then it was simply a question of putting the link code into the signature so that it could direct visitors to the appropriate part of our web presence and that was that.  Not to sure about the toothy grin though [not referring to the T. rex either].

20 07, 2013

Everything Dinosaur’s Video Review of Collecta’s Przewalski’s Horse

By | July 20th, 2013|Everything Dinosaur videos, Product Reviews|1 Comment

Przewalski’s Horse Model by Collecta Reviewed

With the addition of a model of Przewalski’s horse into the Collecta horse model series, team members at Everything Dinosaur decided to add this replica to the company’s model range.  Przewalski’s horse, otherwise known as the Mongolian wild horse, is the only truly wild horse left on the planet.  As it has remained unchanged since the Pleistocene Epoch and as it would have been known to our European ancestors, it was decided to add this excellent model to our stock.

Below is a short, (under five minutes), review of the Collecta model:

Everything Dinosaur Reviews Collecta’s Przewalski’s Horse Model

Video Credit: Everything Dinosaur

In this video, we explain a little about the model and how it accurately depicts the live animal.  We also discuss the successful conservation programme that saw this horse brought back from the brink of extinction.

To view Everything Dinosaur’s range of Collecta models: Collecta Models available from Everything Dinosaur

19 07, 2013

New for 2014 Collecta Dead Stegosaurus Model

By | July 19th, 2013|Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Everything Dinosaur Products|7 Comments

Collecta Provide Further Information about 2014 Product Releases

Following on from the news about the Deluxe Carcharodontosaurus figure due to be made by Collecta next year, the manufacturer has announced today details of another new release.  Collecta are going to introduce in 2014 a model of a dead Stegosaurus, it looks like “roof lizard” has ended up as a meal for another dinosaur.

New for 2014 the Collecta Stegosaurus Corpse

Dinner for an Allosaurus?

Dinner for an Allosaurus?

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

In a statement a spokesperson from Collecta added:

“Life was not a bed of roses back then and at least this is what might have happened all those years back.  We have had discussions if we should have another corpse but looking at the success of our first model -the Triceratops corpse- we wanted to give it a try.”

The Stegosaurus model depicted is typical of a specimen from the western United States.  This type of Stegosaur shared its Late Jurassic environment with a number of predatory dinosaurs, animals such as (in order of size, smallest to largest), Marshosaurus, Ceratosaurus, Allosaurus and Saurophaganax to name but a few.

Team members at Everything Dinosaur could discuss which type of carnivore might have done this damage to the adult Stegosaurus.  The ideal that this is scavenging on a carcase can be discounted due to the bite mark on one of the plates along the back.  A predator would not necessarily bite such a part of a Stegosaur’s anatomy with all that meat available elsewhere on the body.  That particular aspect of the pathology shown is indicative of having occurred during a fight, it looks like a bite from above, typical of a large, bipedal Theropod.

When asked why a Stegosaurus corpse, the spokesperson from Collecta replied:

“Due to its distinctive tail spikes and plates, Stegosaurus is one of the most recognisable dinosaurs.”

One other item of interest when it comes to the pathology (wounds).  Note the wounds in the throat area.  The gashes and bite marks are to the side and not from the underneath of the throat area.  This part of a Stegosaurs body (underside of the throat), was protected by a mass of little bony ossicles, a bit like chain mail found on a suit of armour.  These bony ossicles would have protected this dinosaur as it fed on spiky cycads and other tough vegetation as well as affording a degree of protection from predator attack.  Apparently, this protection combined with this dinosaur’s vicious tail (called a Thagomizer) was not sufficient to help this unfortunate victim.

To read how the Stegosaurus tail was named: How Stegosaurus got its “Thagomiser”

This model measures approximately 16.5cm in length and team members at Everything Dinosaur are already “swishing their Thagomizers in excitement” as they await to hear news of more models to be made by our chums Collecta.

To view Everything Dinosaur’s current range of Collecta prehistoric animal models: Collecta Prehistoric Animal Models

18 07, 2013

“Large Nose, Horn Face” Nasutoceratops

By | July 18th, 2013|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories|1 Comment

New Campanian Centrosaurine Dinosaur – Nasutoceratops titusi

A research paper detailing the work on a new type of horned dinosaur discovered in the fossil rich Kaiparowits Formation of the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument (southern Utah), has just been published in the academic journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B (Biology).  The fossilised bones of this remarkable looking dinosaur were found back in 2006, the fossils include a nearly complete skull, plus elements from the neck and front limb bones.  Although the scientists cannot be sure that this is a fully mature individual, it is still a sizeable beast, perhaps weighing as much as three tonnes and measuring nearly six metres in length.

An Illustration of Nasutoceratops titusi

Nasutoceratops -  a Centrosaurine dinosaur from Utah

Nasutoceratops - a Centrosaurine dinosaur from Utah

Picture Credit: Raul Martin 

A Grid Diagram Showing the Layout of the Fossil Bones

Nasutoceratops in situ

Nasutoceratops in situ

Picture Credit: Eric Lund et al

The picture shows the approximate layout of the fossil material in the ground, each square on the diagram represents one square metre.  The skull material including the large brow horns are coloured orange, axial material (related to the neck) is in red, elements from the shoulder girdle are coloured green and front limbs blue/purple.

A Reconstruction of the N. titusi Skeleton

Scale bar = 1 metre

Scale bar = 1 metre

Picture Credit: Eric Lund et al

The diagram above shows how the fossil material found would fit into a reconstruction of the complete skeleton of this plant-eating dinosaur.

The dinosaur’s name means “large nosed horned face” after the Latin nasutus (large nosed) and the Latinised/Greek ceratops (horn face).  The species name “titusi” honours Alan Titus, a palaeontologist who is renowned for his work on fossils from the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument.

A phylogenetic analysis of the Centrosaurinae group places Nasutoceratops as the sister taxon to Avaceratops lammersi from the Late Campanian of Montana.  Nasutuceratops titusi has been designated as a basal member of the Centrosaurinae and suggests the existence of a previously unknown clade of short-snouted, long-horned Centrosaurines in the southern portion of the North American landmass known as Laramidia.

Dr. Mark Loewen (University of Utah and the Natural History Museum of Utah), one of the authors of the new paper published this week commented:

“This dinosaur just completely blew us away.  We would never have predicted it would look like this, it is just so outside of the norm for this group of dinosaurs [Centrosaurine].

Centrosaurines tend to have short brow horns with the largest horn being on the snout, but this description is rapidly becoming redundant.  The discovery of N. titusi with its large, curved brow horns and very broad snout challenges a lot of the assumptions palaeontologists had about the appearance of these horned dinosaurs.

When asked to comment about the large number of horned dinosaur discoveries made recently in the western United States a spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur stated:

“There have been a number of new Centrosaurine and Chasmosaurine dinosaurs named recently, what is perhaps more remarkable is that many of these horned dinosaur remains have been found in close proximity to the fossilised bones of other types of large, herbivorous dinosaur.  For instance, the fossils of N. titusi were found in close association with Hadrosaur as well as Ankylosaur material.  This suggests that back in the Late Cretaceous Utah was a very fertile and verdant environment capable of supporting a very diverse range of large plant-eating dinosaurs.”

The fossils have been dated as being between 75.9 and 75.2 million years old.  A number of other types of horned dinosaur have recently been discovered in strata that make up the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, including two bizarre horned dinosaurs that belong to the Chasmosaurinae.  To read about this discovery: Curious Ceratopsians

The discovery of Nasutoceratops also provides strong support for the hypothesis of regional dinosaurs in this part of the world during the Late Cretaceous.  It seems that dinosaur populations became isolated in what was to become western North America and a number of independent but related populations subsequently evolved.  Palaeontologists have suggested that there was a high degree of  provinciality in Late Campanian mega faunas.

17 07, 2013

Bright Sparks at Anfield Infants Demonstrate Their Dinosaur Knowledge

By | July 17th, 2013|Educational Activities, Teaching|2 Comments

Thank you Letters and Questions About Dinosaurs from the Bright Sparks at Anfield Infants and Early Years School

A busy week for team members at Everything Dinosaur, but we always try to make time to respond to any letters we receive from school children after one of our visits to a school.  Children at Anfield Infants and Early Years School (Liverpool, England), were studying dinosaurs this summer term and a member of the Everything Dinosaur staff was invited in to help the budding young palaeontologist with their prehistoric animal studies.

Children in the “Bright Sparks” class were asked by the enthusiastic teaching team, Miss Ledgerton, Miss Hardcastle and Mrs Envis to write thank you letters to Everything Dinosaur and sure enough, our bulging mail bag was stuffed fuller than a Triceratop’s tummy.

Thank you Note from the Teaching Team

Teachers thank Everything Dinosaur for the school visit.

Teachers thank Everything Dinosaur for the school visit.

Picture Credit: Anfield Infants and Early Years School/Everything Dinosaur

Setting an exercise such as this after a visit from one of our dinosaur experts is a great way to help young children practice writing skills and sentence construction.  It also helps reinforce learning and the recall of information.

Amongst the many thank you letters we received, Christopher wrote that he liked looking at Ankylosaurus, whilst Jamie, Cameron and Jack were most excited about T. rex.  They wanted to know why Tyrannosaurus rex is known as the “King of the Dinosaurs”?  A very good question, the name T. rex means “Tyrant Lizard King”, when this fearsome dinosaur was formally described back in 1905, no one had ever seen such a frightening looking dinosaur before, the name was chosen as with its huge teeth and jaws, scientists at the time thought that this was the “King”.  Ironically, T. rex was very nearly called Dynamosaurus, but that’s another story.

Joseph wanted to know when the first dinosaur bones were discovered?  This is a tricky question, dinosaur fossils have been known about for a very long time, the legendary Chinese dragons may be based on scholars from China studying dinosaur bones.  The first dinosaur to be scientifically studied and formally named  in the west was Megalosaurus, a meat-eating dinosaur whose fossils have been found in England.

Lots of questions about dinosaurs teeth from the “Bright Sparks” of Anfield Infants and Early Years School, yes, Charlie you are right, some dinosaurs did have sharp teeth, whilst in answer to the question as to which type of dinosaurs had the most teeth we think a good contender would be the very big duck-billed dinosaur known as Edmontosaurus.  This plant-eating dinosaur (herbivore) could grow to be over forty feet long and his mouth was lined with rows and rows of teeth all designed to help this Late Cretaceous dinosaur to grind up his food.

A Scale Drawing of the Very Toothy Edmontosaurus

Edmontosaurus Dinosaur

Edmontosaurus Dinosaur

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

A few questions on Brachiosaurus were also received.  Brachiosaurus evolved a long neck so that it could feed on parts of trees that other plant-eating dinosaurs could not reach.  Stephen wanted to know how tall Brachiosaurus was?  Some scientists have suggested that the head of Brachiosaurus was held as much as 43 feet off the ground.  This dinosaur was very heavy, it did weigh much more than an elephant, another super question, but how heavy it actually was is difficult to say, perhaps Stephen is right when he suggests in his thank you letter that some of these long-necked giants could weigh as much as 75 tonnes.

Thank you Letter From Lexie

Lexie wrote to say she had a good time studying dinosaurs.

Lexie wrote to say she had a good time studying dinosaurs.

Picture Credit: Anfield Infants and Early Years School/Everything Dinosaur

Thank you for your colourful letters, Lexie, Poppy and Tilly.  Indeed, we are grateful to all the children, their teachers and the teaching support staff for writing such lovely letters.  We even had a question about the horns of Triceratops, they are quite big, the horn cores on the skull are only part of the horn.  These would have been covered in a horny sheath that would actually have made them much bigger.  Some of the large Triceratops skulls that we have studied come from dinosaurs that would have sported brow horns more than a metre long!

School Children Send in Thank you Letters to Everything Dinosaur

Pupils say thanks for the dinosaur visit.

Pupils say thanks for the dinosaur visit.

Picture Credit: Anfield Infants and Early Years School/Everything Dinosaur

Thanks Caitlyn, we are glad you enjoyed holding the fossils, we give a big dinosaur roar in thanks for all the letters that we received.  Sorry if we have not mentioned everybody but we do read them all and hopefully we have managed to answer the questions you posed.

Have a happy summer holiday.

16 07, 2013

T. rex Tooth Crown Found Embedded in an Edmontosaurus Tail – Predatory Behaviour?

By | July 16th, 2013|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Palaeontological articles|1 Comment

Tyrannosaurus rex – Hunter or Scavenger Debate Reignited after Fossil Find

Almost ever since T. rex was formally named and described back in 1905, debate has raged amongst scientists as to whether this Late Cretaceous dinosaur was an active hunter or primarily a scavenger.  The skull of Tyrannosaurus rex is relatively short when compared to an adult body length somewhere in excess of 13 metres and the teeth in its exceptionally strong jaws are very different in shape when compared to other large meat-eating dinosaurs such as the Allosaurids and the Abelisaurs.  It is true, the teeth are large, those in the maxilla and dentary (upper and lower jaws), for example, can be in excess of 18cm long and more than 2.5cm wide at the point where the crown would emerge above the gum line.  However, the teeth are not necessarily recurved and sabre-like, the sort of teeth one associates with the likes of Mapusaurus, Carcharodontosaurus or even Ceratosaurus.  Having had the opportunity to study Tyrannosaurid teeth in detail, it is surprising how blunt they feel at the tips, indeed one of their most remarkable features is their characteristic “D” shape in cross section.  Are these the teeth of an active hunter, or the bone crushing dentition of a scavenger?

A team of American scientists have discovered the tip of a Tyrannosaur tooth, embedded in the tail bones of a large, duck-billed dinosaur.  The bone surrounding the tooth shows signs of healing.  Is this physical evidence of a Tyrannosaur hunting and attacking another dinosaur?  Could the debate over the hunter versus scavenger issue be finally laid to rest?

The feeding strategies of large, Theropod dinosaurs such as Tyrannosaurus rex have been debated by palaeontologists for a long time.  Fossil finds have provided some tantalising glimpses into feeding behaviour, however, it is notoriously difficult to distinguish post-mortem pathology with evidence of interspecific hunting behaviour.  There have been several Triceratops fossils found which show tell-tale puncture marks from the teeth of T. rex, but it is impossible to tell whether these wounds were made by a feeding Tyrannosaurid on a Triceratops carcase or as a result of a fight between these Late Cretaceous giants.

In a paper published in the academic journal “The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences”, the researchers report on the discovery of a Tyrannosaur tooth crown stuck fast in the tail bone of a herbivorous Edmontosaurus, the scientists conclude that this is definite evidence of predation by a T. rex, an attack by an immature Tyrannosaur on a duck-billed dinosaur.  At the Denver Museum of Nature and Science there is a mounted exhibit of a large, Hadrosaur (Edmontosaurus annectens), with a strange “U” shaped bite mark out of its tail.  This has been described as the damage caused by an attack from a Tyrannosaurus rex, although, unlike this new study, there was no tell-tale evidence of a tooth being left behind.

Hadrosaur Exhibit Shows Evidence of Tyrannosaur Attack?

Museum exhibit may show evidence of T. rex attack.

Museum exhibit may show evidence of T. rex attack.

 Picture Credit: Denver Museum of Nature and Science/Everything Dinosaur

In the picture above, the mounted Hadrosaur exhibit is shown with the damage to the neural arches on some of the caudal vertebrae highlighted.

The academic paper was produced by scientists from the Department of Palaeontology (Palm Beach Museum of Natural History, Florida), Pete Larson from the Black Hills Institute of Geological Research (South Dakota) and researchers from the University of Kansas.  One of the paper’s authors, Larry D. Martin of the University of Kansas Biodiversity Institute sadly passed away earlier this year.  This paper was one of the very last that he contributed to.  The Hadrosaur fossils, ascribed to Edmontosaurus were found in South Dakota and come from the famous Hell Creek Formation.  The two traumatically fused caudal vertebrae (tail bones), partially enclose the tip (part of the crown), of a Tyrannosaurid tooth, one that is believed to represent the dentition from a partial grown, immature Tyrannosaurus rex.

The Researchers Show the Fossilised Tooth Fragment Embedded in the Tail Bones

Evidence of a predatory T.rex?

Evidence of a predatory T.rex?

Picture Credit: David A. Burnham/University of Kansas Biodiversity Institute

The healed bone growth indicates that the duck-billed dinosaur survived this encounter.  In February of this year, researchers from the University of Kansas and Florida reported on the discovery of evidence of a scar on fossilised skin tissue from just above the eye of an Edmontosaurus.  In a paper, published in “Cretaceous Research”, the scientists concluded that this too was evidence of an attack of a T. rex on an Edmontosaurus.

Hadrosaur Fossilised Scar – Evidence of an Attack from a T. rex?

A scar above the eye of a Hadrosaur, preserved as an impression in fossilised skin.

A scar above the eye of a Hadrosaur, preserved as an impression in fossilised skin.

Picture Credit: Robert DePalma/Palm Beach Museum of Natural History

A number of eminent palaeontologists have commented on the scavenger/hunter debate over the years.  It is likely, that just like most large carnivores today, if a Tyrannosaurus rex found the corpse of another dinosaur it would very probably feed off the kill – a sort of “free lunch” for a Tyrannosaur.  However, as an opportunistic feeder, if the same T. rex got the chance to approach undetected a potential meal such as a duck-billed dinosaur, then it would probably have used this chance to launch an attack.

Back in the summer of 2010, as part of Everything Dinosaur’s museum outreach programme, team members devised a presentation on the hunter versus scavenger topic.  Members of the public could examine some of the evidence and decide for themselves as to whether Tyrannosaurus rex was an active hunter or a rather ponderous meat-eater preoccupied with scavenging the kills of other dinosaurs.  To see the results of the survey: Results of the T. rex Hunter or Scavenger Survey

 CT Scans of the Fused Hadrosaur Tail Bones

CT scans reveal the embedded tooth.

CT scans reveal the embedded tooth.

Picture Credit: Robert DePalma et al

The picture above shows computerised tomography (CT) scans of the Hadrosaur fossil bones.  1) the two tail bones fused together and 2) showing the cross-section of the Tyrannosaurus rex tooth buried in the bone (the white oval at the bottom of the picture (2)).  The scale bars shown represent 1cm.

Far from being definitive prove, “smoking gun” evidence that Tyrannosaurus rex was indeed an apex predator, some scientists have challenged the paper’s findings.  Dr. Paul Barrett (Natural History Museum, London), rather summed up some of the comments that have been reported by stating:

“This paper shows without question that a T. rex bit a living Hadrosaur, but it can’t show if this was a regular behaviour or not, or even if this was hunting behaviour rather than some other kind of interaction”.

15 07, 2013

Two-Headed, Fire Breathing, Water Spraying Monster

By | July 15th, 2013|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal Drawings, Educational Activities, Photos/Schools, Press Releases|0 Comments

Beacon Museum Announces Competition Winner

One lucky school girl has won the chance for herself and her classmates to visit the new exhibitions at the Beacon Museum which opened this weekend.  Whitehaven in Cumbria is having its very own monster, double-bill with two exhibitions running concurrently at the Beacon Museum, “Ice Age – Life after the Dinosaurs” and “Shark – Myths and Reality”

Elle Jenkinson, aged 9, of St Bridget’s RC Primary School in Egremont, won a drawing competition organised by the enthusiastic museum staff, children were invited to design their own prehistoric monster.  Elle’s winning entry was a colourful drawing of a two-headed monster, that could breathe fire and spray water.

Elle Jenkinson’s Monster Drawing
Fire breathing, water spraying monster.
Picture Credit: Elle Jenkinson

Four other entries were highly commended and received prizes.  These were by Tess Cullen of Thwaites School, Dylan Hodgson of Kells Infant School, Jennifer Eve Gillon of Eaglesfield Paddle Primary School and Evan Casson of Moor Row Community School.

Around a hundred primary school children from West Cumbria entered the competition.  They created their own magnificent monsters and beasts in the hope of winning the chance for their whole class to come face to face with life-size replicas of giant beasts, superb sharks and unbelievable underwater creatures.

The competition was judged by the Mayor and Mayoress of Copeland, Geoff and Sandra Garrity who said:

“The children had obviously had real fun creating these amazing pictures.  The imagination and thought that they had put into their drawings really was wonderful.”

The exhibitions currently on at the Beacon Museum will give visitors the chance  to get up close to some real monsters that once roamed the Earth as well as to learn more about the fascinating world of the shark, some of which, the Whale Shark (Rhincodon typus) for example, can grow to be as long as a bus.  Fortunately, these giants are filter feeders and not likely to attack divers.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“It was a great idea for the Beacon Museum to organise a drawing competition.  A chance for school children to imagine strange and bizarre animals, with the prize being a visit to the exhibitions to learn all about some very real and even more strange and bizarre animals that are known to science.”

“Ice Age – Life after the Dinosaurs” and “Shark – Myths and Reality” is on from now until the 5th January 2014, for further information: The Beacon Museum

14 07, 2013

Lyme Regis Ammonite Polishing Dates Announced

By | July 14th, 2013|Dinosaur and Prehistoric Animal News Stories, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Geology|0 Comments

Fossils Fans Get the Chance to Get “Hands On” with Ammonite Activities

Visitors to the picturesque seaside resort of Lyme Regis, on southern England’s famous Jurassic coast, will get the chance to polish their own Ammonite fossil, at special events organised by Lyme Regis Museum being held throughout the summer holidays.

Ammonites are an extinct group of cephalopod molluscs that lived in chambered shells.  Their fossils are associated with much of the strata that can be found along the famous World Heritage Site of the “Jurassic coast”, for the chance to learn more about these amazing creatures and to polish your own Ammonite fossil, see the poster below:

Ammonite Polishing Days Announced

Fancy being a palaeontologist, studying Ammonites?

Fancy being a palaeontologist, studying Ammonites?

Picture Credit: Lyme Regis Museum/Brandon Lennon/Everything Dinosaur

For a small fee, fossil enthusiasts and tourists can purchase their own Ammonite fossil and prepare it just like a real palaeontologist.  Polishing the fossil reveals the amazing and very beautiful internal structure of the fossil.  The first fossil polishing event is taking place this weekend (Saturday July 20th).   The event starts at 11am and will run until 4pm that afternoon.

A spokesperson from Everything Dinosaur commented:

“These events give members of the public the opportunity to carry out their own fossil polishing and to learn about these extinct marine creatures that are so important to the science of palaeontology.”

Other dates are:

Saturday 3rd August, Wednesday 14th August and the final Ammonite fossil polishing event this summer is scheduled for Tuesday 27th August, the day after the Bank Holiday.

13 07, 2013

School Sets About Creating Their Very Own “Jurassic Park”

By | July 13th, 2013|Educational Activities, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates, Teaching|0 Comments

Weston Primary School Studies Dinosaurs

Year 5 and Year 6 pupils at Weston Primary have been busy creating a series of prehistoric animal sculptures as part of their summer term topic on dinosaurs.  All classes have been learning about fossils and prehistoric animals, under the expert tutelage of the teachers and teaching support staff.  A team member at Everything Dinosaur, who visited the school in support of the term’s teaching topic, was given a guided tour of the palaeontology area by Reception/Year 1 children.  A part of their classroom had been set aside so that the children could show the “pieces of dinosaur” that had been excavated from a sand pit, as well as the some of the safety equipment that palaeontologists wear when digging up fossil bones.

In a day of dinosaur themed teaching activities, Year 1/2 pupils learned how to identify fossils, whilst Year 3/4 students discovered that they had all technically eaten dinosaurs, apt as their dinosaur themed workshop concluded shortly before lunch.  During lunchtime, the Everything Dinosaur team member was able to take some pictures of the artwork being created, the lawn area just outside the staff room was beginning to resemble Weston Primary’s own “Jurassic Park”.

Pupils Create Prehistoric Animal Sculptures

School creates "Jurassic Park"

School creates "Jurassic Park"

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

The Year 5/6 pupils under the supervision of Miss Emmison and Mr Kelly had created several pieces of prehistoric animal themed art.  Each sculpture had been carefully created and the children had spent part of the morning painting their Mesozoic monsters.  During their afternoon dinosaur themed teaching workshop, the Everything Dinosaur team member congratulated the pupils on their artistic efforts and although the artwork was not finished, he was able to identify which extinct animal each sculpture represented.

Weston Primary’s Spinosaurus

Weston Primary's Spinosaurus

Weston Primary's Spinosaurus

Picture Credit: Weston Primary/Everything Dinosaur

Spinosaurus, with its famous two-metre high sail lived in North Africa during the Cretaceous.  The arm bones of this huge predator have never been found, yet the pupils have created their replica as a biped (walked on hind legs), most palaeontologists agree, this carnivore probably walked on its two back legs.

Weston Primary’s Armoured Dinosaur

Armoured dinosaur.

Armoured dinosaur.

Picture Credit: WestonPrimary/Everything Dinosaur

The brown coloured, armoured dinosaur has the bony tail club associated with Ankylosaurus, a dinosaur so heavily armoured that even the bone above its eyes was thickened and reinforced.

Weston Primary “Baby Brachiosaurus”

A baby Brachiosaur.

A baby Brachiosaur.

Picture Credit: Weston Primary/Everything Dinosaur

School teacher Miss Emmison explained that a baby Brachiosaurus was created as trying to make a model of an adult, long-necked dinosaur would have probably used up too much newspaper and paint.  The largest dinosaur exhibit in Europe is that of a Brachiosaurus.  The head of the dinosaur skeleton is something like forty-three feet of the ground.

Weston Primary’s Tyrannosaurus rex Sculpture

School creates T. rex statue.

School creates T. rex statue.

Picture Credit: Weston Primary/Everything Dinosaur

No dinosaur theme park would be complete without a sculpture of the most famous dinosaur of all T. rex.  The pupils have opted for a green Tyrannosaurus, although the colouration of this dinosaur is not known.  T. rex may even have been covered in feathers.

Weston Primary’s Stegosaurus

School children create model of "Roof Lizard"

School children create model of "Roof Lizard"

Picture Credit: Weston Primary/Everything Dinosaur

The Stegosaurus model has his plates on his back and spikes on his tail. Stegosaurus was named and described in 1877, the name means “roofed or plated lizard”.

Triceratops Makes an Appearance

Weston Primary's "Three Horned Face"

Weston Primary's "Three Horned Face"

Picture Credit: Weston Primary/Everything Dinosaur

In the process of being painted battleship grey, the horned dinosaur model is being prepared by Year 5/6 school children.  Triceratops was one of the last of the dinosaurs, just four weeks ago, scientists working in the western United States discovered the fossilised remains of three Triceratops, perhaps this is evidence of this type of herbivorous dinosaur living in small, family groups.

To read more about this discovery: More Fossils of Triceratops Discovered

The school children at Weston Primary have not just been working on dinosaur sculptures.  The pupils have created a model of a flying reptile, a Pterosaur.  Such is the accuracy of the artwork, that the team member at Everything Dinosaur was able to identify the sculpture as being that of a Pteranodon and he had a go at naming the species – Pteranodon longiceps.

Pteranodon Model Under Construction

Flying reptile under construction.

Flying reptile under construction.

Picture Credit: Weston Primary/Everything Dinosaur

The shape of the crest on the back of the head can tell a palaeontologist which species of Pteranodon this is, the long crest indicates P. longiceps.

Once the sculptures have been completed the school will have its very own “Jurassic Park”.

12 07, 2013

Collecta Announces First of the New 2014 Model Releases

By | July 12th, 2013|Dinosaur Fans, Everything Dinosaur News and Updates|3 Comments

1:40 Scale Deluxe Carcharodontosaurus to be Added to Collecta’s Range

2014 will mark Collecta’s eighth year as a producer of replicas of prehistoric animal fauna and flora.  There are going to be a number of new editions to the company’s impressive range of models in its “Prehistoric Life” model series and over the next few months or so, team members at Everything Dinosaur will publish more details of new releases.

The first model to be announced is a 1:40 scale replica of the ferocious meat-eating dinosaur – Carcharodontosaurus.

New for 2014 1:40 Scale Carcharodontosaurus from Collecta

Eagerly awaited model for 2014

Eagerly awaited model for 2014

Picture Credit: Collecta/Everything Dinosaur

It is great to hear that a model of “Great White Shark Lizard” is going to be added to Collecta’s Deluxe scale model series. Fossilised teeth of this huge predator were found by an expedition to Algeria by Charles Depéret (French geologist and palaeontologist) and J. Savorin in 1927.  At the time, these scientists believed that the teeth were from a giant species of Megalosaur, and they described the animal as Megalosaurus saharicus.  The eminent German palaeontologist Ernst Stromer von Reichenbach later made a study of similar fossil material, but this time including skull bones that had been unearthed by his 1911 expedition to Egypt (Bahariya Oasis).  Stromer determined that this was and an entirely new type of Theropod dinosaur and the name Carcharodontosaurus saharicus was established.

With an estimated length of around fourteen metres, palaeontologists believe that Carcharodontosaurus was one of the largest land-living carnivores to have existed.

A Scale Drawing of C. saharicus by Everything Dinosaur

Fearsome "Great White Shark Lizard"

Fearsome "Great White Shark Lizard"

Fearsome “Great White Shark Lizard”

Picture Credit: Everything Dinosaur

In 2007, a new species of Carcharodontosaurid from Niger was erected, this dinosaur is known as Carcharodontosaurus iguidensis.  To read about the discovery of this second African species: New Giant Meat-Eater Discovered in Niger

Everything Dinosaur has already received a large number of comments about this new model, we are grateful for all the feedback we have received.  It seems the the model collecting world and dinosaur fans in general are getting very excited already about this 2014 release.  Based on the prototype sample figure the model measures approximately 32cm in length with a hip height of around 9cm.

Watch this space for more updates and news on Collecta models.

To view Everything Dinosaur’s existing range of Collecta Deluxe scale models: Collecta Scale Models

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